Difference between revisions of "XFCE4/9.2"

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{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/|txt=Xfce}} is a lightweight desktop environment that aims to be low on system resources and fast, while still being visually appealing and user friendly.
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The first time you start XFCE4, you will see the message shown in Figure 6.4a:
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{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/|txt=Xfce}} is a lightweight desktop environment that aims to be low on system resources and fast, while still being visually appealing and user friendly. The first time you start XFCE4, you will see the Welcome Message shown in Figure 6.4a.
  
'''Figure 6.4a: Panel Welcome Message'''
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[[File:welcomepanel.png|thumb|'''Figure 6.4a: Panel Welcome Message''']]
[[File:welcomepanel.png]]
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In XFCE, a {{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfce4-panel|txt=panel}} is a bar which can hold many items such as application launchers, window lists, a clock, a notification area, and application menus. Your initial panel setup options are:
 
In XFCE, a {{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfce4-panel|txt=panel}} is a bar which can hold many items such as application launchers, window lists, a clock, a notification area, and application menus. Your initial panel setup options are:
  
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* '''Migrate old config:''' select this option if you wish to have a single panel with an application launcher and other icons as shown in Figure 6.4b. The application launcher menu may be reached from the upper left, or by right-clicking on the desktop.
 
* '''Migrate old config:''' select this option if you wish to have a single panel with an application launcher and other icons as shown in Figure 6.4b. The application launcher menu may be reached from the upper left, or by right-clicking on the desktop.
  
* '''Use default config:''' this option will install a large panel across the top and a small, minimal panel centered on the bottom. The application launcher menu may be accessed by the fireball icon in the lower left, or by a right-click on the desktop.
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* '''Use default config:''' this option will install a large panel across the top and a small, minimal panel centered on the bottom, as shown in Figure 6.4c. The application launcher menu may be accessed by the fireball icon in the lower left, or by a right-click on the desktop.
  
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* '''One empty panel:''' this option will install a panel with no icons. The application menu is available by right-clicking the desktop as shown in Figures 6.4b and 6.4c.
 
* '''One empty panel:''' this option will install a panel with no icons. The application menu is available by right-clicking the desktop as shown in Figures 6.4b and 6.4c.
  
Figure 6.4b shows a screenshot of XFCE4 running on a PC-BSD® 9.1 with the application menu open:
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<div style="overflow: hidden">[[File:Xfce1a.png|left|thumb|393px|'''Figure 6.4b: XFCE Desktop on a PC-BSD® System with Complete Panel Migrated From Old Config''']][[File:Xfce2a.png|thumb|393px|'''Figure 6.4c: XFCE Desktop on a PC-BSD® System with Minimal Panel Using Default Config''']]</div>
'''Figure 6.4b: XFCE with Complete Panel Migrated From Old Config'''
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If you wish to change your configuration choice at a later time, reset the panel using <span class=traverse>''Applications''{{rarr}}''Settings''{{rarr}}''Settings Editor''</span>, as shown in Figure 6.4d, then exit to the login prompt without saving session info. The next login to XFCE will present the panel configuration choice again.
 
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<div style="overflow: hidden">[[File:settingsed1.png|left|thumb|393px|'''Figure 6.4d: Using Settings Editor to Reset Panel''']][[File:alacarte.png|thumb|393px|'''Figure 6.4e: Using alacarte to Customize Applications Menu''']]</div>
[[File:XFCE4-2.png]]
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'''Figure 6.4c: XFCE with Minimal Panel Using Default Config'''
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[[File:XFCE4.png]]
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If you wish to change your configuration choice at a later time, reset the panel using ''Applications'' ''Settings'' ''Settings Editor'', as shown in Figure 6.4d, then exit to the login prompt without saving session info. The next login to XFCE will present the panel configuration choice again.
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'''Figure 6.4d: Using Settings Editor to Reset Panel
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[[File:settingsEd.png]]
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In addition to the PC-BSD® utilities, XFCE provides the following utilities:
 
In addition to the PC-BSD® utilities, XFCE provides the following utilities:
  
* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfdesktop|txt=Xfesktop}}:''' desktop manager found in ''Settings'' ''Destkop''. Sets the background image, provides a right-click menu to launch applications, and can show files (including application launchers) or iconified windows.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfdesktop|txt=Xdesktop}}:''' desktop manager found in <span class=traverse>''Settings''{{rarr}}''Desktop''</span>. Sets the background image, provides a right-click menu to launch applications, and can show files (including application launchers) or iconified windows.
  
* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfwm4|txt=Xfwm4}}:''' window manager found in ''Settings'' ''Window Manager''. It provides window decorations, virtual desktops, multiscreen mode, transparency and a keyboard shortcut editor.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfwm4|txt=Xfwm4}}:''' window manager found in <span class=traverse>''Settings''{{rarr}}''Window Manager''</span>. It provides window decorations, virtual desktops, multiscreen mode, transparency and a keyboard shortcuts editor.
  
* '''{{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/ristretto|txt=Ristretto}}:''' fast and light-weight picture viewer found in ''Graphics'' ''Ristretto Photo Viewer''.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/ristretto|txt=Ristretto}}:''' fast and light-weight picture viewer found in <span class=traverse>''Graphics''{{rarr}}''Ristretto Image Viewer''</span>.
  
* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.twotoasts.de/index.php?/pages/midori_summary.html|txt=Midori}}:''' light-weight graphical browser found in ''Internet'' ''Midori''.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.twotoasts.de/index.php/midori/|txt=Midori}}:''' light-weight graphical browser found in <span class=traverse>''Internet''{{rarr}}''Midori''</span>.
  
* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfburn|txt=Xfburn}}:''' CD/DVD burning tool found in ''Multimedia'' ''Xfburn''.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfburn|txt=Xfburn}}:''' CD/DVD burning tool found in <span class=traverse>''Multimedia''{{rarr}}''Xfburn''</span>.
  
* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/orage|txt=Orage}}:''' calendar and reminder daemon found in ''Office'' ''Orage Calendar''.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.kolumbus.fi/~w408237/orage/|txt=Orage}}:''' calendar and reminder daemon found in <span class=traverse>''Office''{{rarr}}''Orage Calendar''</span>.
  
* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/thunar|txt=Thunar}}:''' file manager found in ''System'' ''Thunar File Manager''.  
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/thunar|txt=Thunar}}:''' file manager found in <span class=traverse>''System''{{rarr}}''Thunar File Manager''</span>.  
  
* '''{{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4-taskmanager|txt=Task Manager}}:''' graphical task manager found in ''System'' ''Task Manager''.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4-taskmanager|txt=Task Manager}}:''' graphical task manager found in <span class=traverse>''System''{{rarr}}''Task Manager''</span>.
  
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A list of recommended applications for XFCE can be found on the {{citelink|url=http://wiki.xfce.org/recommendedapps|txt=XFCE Wiki}}.
 
A list of recommended applications for XFCE can be found on the {{citelink|url=http://wiki.xfce.org/recommendedapps|txt=XFCE Wiki}}.
  
=== Editing the Menu ===
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=== Editing the Menu === <!--T:19-->
  
XFCE no longer includes a graphical menu editor. The XFCE team recommends using alacarte which is included when you install XFCE4 on PC-BSD® and which can be started by typing '''alacarte''' within an xterm.
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XFCE no longer includes a graphical menu editor. The XFCE team recommends using alacarte which is included when you install XFCE4 on PC-BSD® and which can be started by typing '''alacarte''' within an xterm. Figure 6.4e shows a screenshot of alacarte running on PC-BSD®.
  
Figure 6.4e shows a screenshot of alacarte running on PC-BSD®.
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Any entry with a checkbox will appear in your menu. To remove an item from the menu, simply uncheck its box. To create a new menu category, either highlight a top-level menu (e.g. KDE Menu or System) or an existing category and click the "New Menu" button. To add a new entry, highlight the category where you wish the entry to appear and click the "New Item" button. Input a name for the entry, browse to the path of the application and press "OK".
  
'''Figure 6.4e: Using alacarte to Customize Applications Menu'''
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=== XFCE Plugins === <!--T:23-->
  
[[File:alacarte.png]]
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XFCE supports many plugins which provide additional applications that are separate from the official XFCE distribution. You can browse for plugins and read descriptions for each at the XFCE {{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/start|txt=goodies website}}. If you find a plugin that is not available within AppCafe®, this {{citelink|url=http://forums.pcbsd.org/showthread.php?t=13642|txt=README}} [[File:addtopanel-2.png|thumb|393px|'''Figure 6.4f: Adding a Plugin to the Panel''']] explains how to determine if a FreeBSD port is available, how to request a PBI if a port is available, and how to request a port if one does not already exist.
  
Any entry with a checkbox will appear in your menu. To remove an item from the menu, simply uncheck its box. To create a new menu category, either highlight a top-level menu (e.g. KDE Menu or System) or an existing category and click the New Menu button. To add a new entry, highlight the category where you wish the entry to appear and click the "New Item" button. Input a name for the entry, browse to the path of the application and press "OK".
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After installing a plugin, go to <span class=traverse>''Settings''{{RM}}''Panel''{{rarr}}''Items''</span> and click the {{plusbox}} button to see the "Add New Items" window shown in Figure 6.4f.
=== XFCE Plugins ===
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XFCE supports many plugins which provide additional applications that are separate from the official XFCE distribution. You can browse for plugins and read descriptions for each at the XFCE {{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/start|txt=goodies website}}. If you find a plugin that is not available within AppCafe®, this {{citelink|url=http://forums.pcbsd.org/showthread.php?t=13642|txt=README}} explains how to determine if a FreeBSD port is available, how to request a PBI if a port is available, and how to request a port if one does not already exist.
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After installing a plugin, go to ''Settings'' ''Panel'' ''Items'' and click the ''+'' button to see the Add New Items screen shown in Figure 6.4f.
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'''Figure 6.4f: Adding a Plugin to the Panel'''
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[[File:addtopanel-2.png]]
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Simply select your new plugin from the list, and click the "+Add" button. It will immediately be added as an icon in the panel.
 
Simply select your new plugin from the list, and click the "+Add" button. It will immediately be added as an icon in the panel.
  
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[[category:handbook]]
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[[category:desktops]]
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[[category:XFCE4]]
 
[[category:XFCE4]]
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Revision as of 21:46, 3 November 2013

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

Contents

Xfce[1] is a lightweight desktop environment that aims to be low on system resources and fast, while still being visually appealing and user friendly. The first time you start XFCE4, you will see the Welcome Message shown in Figure 6.4a.

Figure 6.4a: Panel Welcome Message

In XFCE, a panel[2] is a bar which can hold many items such as application launchers, window lists, a clock, a notification area, and application menus. Your initial panel setup options are:

  • Migrate old config: select this option if you wish to have a single panel with an application launcher and other icons as shown in Figure 6.4b. The application launcher menu may be reached from the upper left, or by right-clicking on the desktop.
  • Use default config: this option will install a large panel across the top and a small, minimal panel centered on the bottom, as shown in Figure 6.4c. The application launcher menu may be accessed by the fireball icon in the lower left, or by a right-click on the desktop.
  • One empty panel: this option will install a panel with no icons. The application menu is available by right-clicking the desktop as shown in Figures 6.4b and 6.4c.
Figure 6.4b: XFCE Desktop on a PC-BSD® System with Complete Panel Migrated From Old Config
Figure 6.4c: XFCE Desktop on a PC-BSD® System with Minimal Panel Using Default Config

If you wish to change your configuration choice at a later time, reset the panel using Applications → Settings → Settings Editor, as shown in Figure 6.4d, then exit to the login prompt without saving session info. The next login to XFCE will present the panel configuration choice again.

Figure 6.4d: Using Settings Editor to Reset Panel
Figure 6.4e: Using alacarte to Customize Applications Menu

In addition to the PC-BSD® utilities, XFCE provides the following utilities:

  • Xdesktop[3]: desktop manager found in Settings → Desktop. Sets the background image, provides a right-click menu to launch applications, and can show files (including application launchers) or iconified windows.
  • Xfwm4[4]: window manager found in Settings → Window Manager. It provides window decorations, virtual desktops, multiscreen mode, transparency and a keyboard shortcuts editor.
  • Ristretto[5]: fast and light-weight picture viewer found in Graphics → Ristretto Image Viewer.
  • Midori[6]: light-weight graphical browser found in Internet → Midori.
  • Xfburn[7]: CD/DVD burning tool found in Multimedia → Xfburn.
  • Orage[8]: calendar and reminder daemon found in Office → Orage Calendar.
  • Thunar[9]: file manager found in System → Thunar File Manager.

A list of recommended applications for XFCE can be found on the XFCE Wiki[11].

Editing the Menu

XFCE no longer includes a graphical menu editor. The XFCE team recommends using alacarte which is included when you install XFCE4 on PC-BSD® and which can be started by typing alacarte within an xterm. Figure 6.4e shows a screenshot of alacarte running on PC-BSD®.

Any entry with a checkbox will appear in your menu. To remove an item from the menu, simply uncheck its box. To create a new menu category, either highlight a top-level menu (e.g. KDE Menu or System) or an existing category and click the "New Menu" button. To add a new entry, highlight the category where you wish the entry to appear and click the "New Item" button. Input a name for the entry, browse to the path of the application and press "OK".

XFCE Plugins

XFCE supports many plugins which provide additional applications that are separate from the official XFCE distribution. You can browse for plugins and read descriptions for each at the XFCE goodies website[12]. If you find a plugin that is not available within AppCafe®, this README[13]
Figure 6.4f: Adding a Plugin to the Panel
explains how to determine if a FreeBSD port is available, how to request a PBI if a port is available, and how to request a port if one does not already exist.

After installing a plugin, go to Settings®Panel → Items and click the + button to see the "Add New Items" window shown in Figure 6.4f.

Simply select your new plugin from the list, and click the "+Add" button. It will immediately be added as an icon in the panel.


References


  1. http://www.xfce.org/
  2. http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfce4-panel
  3. http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfdesktop
  4. http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfwm4
  5. http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/ristretto
  6. http://www.twotoasts.de/index.php/midori/
  7. http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfburn
  8. http://www.kolumbus.fi/~w408237/orage/
  9. http://www.xfce.org/projects/thunar
  10. http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4-taskmanager
  11. http://wiki.xfce.org/recommendedapps
  12. http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/start
  13. http://forums.pcbsd.org/showthread.php?t=13642
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