Difference between revisions of "XFCE4/9.2"

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[http://www.xfce.org/ Xfce] is a lightweight desktop environment that aims to be fast and low on system resources, while still being visually appealing and user friendly.
 
  
===XFCE Applications===
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{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/|txt=Xfce}} is a lightweight desktop environment that aims to be low on system resources and fast, while still being visually appealing and user friendly. The first time you start XFCE4, you will see the Welcome Message shown in Figure 6.4a.
  
The first time you start XFCE4, you will see the message shown in Figure 5.4a:
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[[File:welcomepanel.png|thumb|'''Figure 6.4a: Panel Welcome Message''']]
  
'''Figure 5.4a: Panel Welcome Message'''
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In XFCE, a {{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfce4-panel|txt=panel}} is a bar which can hold many items such as application launchers, window lists, a clock, a notification area, and application menus. Your initial panel setup options are:
  
[[Image:Xfce.png]]
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* '''Migrate old config:''' select this option if you wish to have a single panel with an application launcher and other icons as shown in Figure 6.4b. The application launcher menu may be reached from the upper left, or by right-clicking on the desktop.
  
In XFCE, a [http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfce4-panel panel] is a bar which can hold many items such as application launchers, windows lists, clock, notification area, and applications menus. Your initial panel setup options are:
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* '''Use default config:''' this option will install a large panel across the top and a small, minimal panel centered on the bottom, as shown in Figure 6.4c. The application launcher menu may be accessed by the fireball icon in the lower left, or by a right-click on the desktop.
  
* '''Migrate old config:''' select this option if you wish to have a panel with an application launcher as shown in Figure 5.4b.
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* '''One empty panel:''' this option will install a panel with no icons. The application menu is available by right-clicking the desktop as shown in Figures 6.4b and 6.4c.
  
* '''Use default config:''' this option will install a minimal panel. To access the application launcher menu, right-click the desktop and select Applications as shown in Figure 5.4c.
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<div style="overflow: hidden">[[File:XFCE4-2.png|left|thumb|393px|'''Figure 6.4b: XFCE Desktop on a PC-BSD® System with Complete Panel Migrated From Old Config''']][[File:XFCE4.png|thumb|393px|'''Figure 6.4c: XFCE Desktop on a PC-BSD® System with Minimal Panel Using Default Config''']]</div>
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If you wish to change your configuration choice at a later time, reset the panel using ''Applications'' ➜ ''Settings'' ➜ ''Settings Editor'', as shown in Figure 6.4d, then exit to the login prompt without saving session info. The next login to XFCE will present the panel configuration choice again.
  
* '''One empty panel:''' this option will install a panel with no icons. To access the application launcher menu, right-click the desktop and select Applications.
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In addition to the PC-BSD® utilities, XFCE provides the following utilities:
  
Figure 5.4b shows a screenshot of XFCE4 running on a PC-BSD 9.0 with the application menu open:
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfdesktop|txt=Xdesktop}}:''' desktop manager found in ''Settings'' ➜ ''Desktop''. Sets the background image, provides a right-click menu to launch applications, and can show files (including application launchers) or iconified windows.
  
'''Figure 5.4b: XFCE with Complete Panel Migrated From Old Config'''
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfwm4|txt=Xfwm4}}:''' window manager found in ''Settings'' ➜ ''Window Manager''. It provides window decorations, virtual desktops, multiscreen mode, transparency and a keyboard shortcuts editor.
  
[[File:Xfce1.png]]
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/ristretto|txt=Ristretto}}:''' fast and light-weight picture viewer found in ''Graphics'' ➜ ''Ristretto Photo Viewer''.
  
'''Figure 5.4c: XFCE with Minimal Panel Using Default Config'''
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.twotoasts.de/index.php?/pages/midori_summary.html|txt=Midori}}:''' light-weight graphical browser found in ''Internet'' ➜ ''Midori''.
  
[[File:Xfce2.png]]
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfburn|txt=Xfburn}}:''' CD/DVD burning tool found in ''Multimedia'' ➜ ''Xfburn''.
  
In addition to PC-BSD's utilities, XFCE provides the following utilities:  
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.kolumbus.fi/~w408237/orage/|txt=Orage}}:''' calendar and reminder daemon found in ''Office'' ➜ ''Orage Calendar''.
  
* '''[http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/ristretto Ristretto:]''' fast and light-weight picture viewer found in Graphics -> Ristretto Photo Viewer.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/thunar|txt=Thunar}}:''' file manager found in ''System'' ➜ ''Thunar File Manager''.  
  
* '''[http://www.twotoasts.de/index.php?/pages/midori_summary.html Midori:]''' light-weight graphical browser found in Internet -> Midori.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4-taskmanager|txt=Task Manager}}:''' graphical task manager found in ''System'' ➜ ''Task Manager''.
  
* '''[http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfburn Xfburn:]''' CD/DVD burning tool found in Multimedia -> Xfburn.
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A list of recommended applications for XFCE can be found on the {{citelink|url=http://wiki.xfce.org/recommendedapps|txt=XFCE Wiki}}.
  
* '''[http://www.xfce.org/projects/orage Orage:]''' calendar and reminder daemon found in Office -> Orage Calendar.
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=== Editing the Menu ===
  
* '''[http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfdesktop Xfesktop:]''' desktop manager found in Settings -> Destkop. Sets the background image, provides a right-click menu to launch applications, and can show files (including application launchers) or iconified windows.  
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XFCE no longer includes a graphical menu editor. The XFCE team recommends using alacarte which is included when you install XFCE4 on PC-BSD® and which can be started by typing '''alacarte''' within an xterm. Figure 6.4e shows a screenshot of alacarte running on PC-BSD®.
  
* '''[http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfwm4 Xfwm4:]''' window manager found in Settings -> Window Manager. It provides window decorations, virtual desktops, multiscreen mode, transparency and a keyboard shorcuts editor.
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Any entry with a checkbox will appear in your menu. To remove an item from the menu, simply uncheck its box. To create a new menu category, either highlight a top-level menu (e.g. KDE Menu or System) or an existing category and click the "New Menu" button. To add a new entry, highlight the category where you wish the entry to appear and click the "New Item" button. Input a name for the entry, browse to the path of the application and press "OK".
  
* '''[http://www.xfce.org/projects/thunar Thunar:]''' file manager found in System -> Thunar File Manager.
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<div style="overflow: hidden">[[File:settingsEd.png|left|thumb|393px|'''Figure 6.4d: Using Settings Editor to Reset Panel''']][[File:alacarte.png|thumb|393px|'''Figure 6.4e: Using alacarte to Customize Applications Menu''']]</div>
  
A list of recommended applications for XFCE can be found on the [http://wiki.xfce.org/recommendedapps XFCE Wiki].
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=== XFCE Plugins ===
  
===Editing the Menu===
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XFCE supports many plugins which provide additional applications that are separate from the official XFCE distribution. You can browse for plugins and read descriptions for each at the XFCE {{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/start|txt=goodies website}}. If you find a plugin that is not available within AppCafe®, this {{citelink|url=http://forums.pcbsd.org/showthread.php?t=13642|txt=README}} [[File:addtopanel-2.png|thumb|393px|'''Figure 6.4f: Adding a Plugin to the Panel''']] explains how to determine if a FreeBSD port is available, how to request a PBI if a port is available, and how to request a port if one does not already exist.
  
XFCE 4.8 no longer includes a graphical menu editor. The XFCE team recommends using alacarte which is included with PC-BSD's version of XFCE4 and which can be started by typing '''alacarte''' within an xterm.
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After installing a plugin, go to ''Settings'' ''Panel'' ➜ ''Items'' and click the ''+'' button to see the "Add New Items" window shown in Figure 6.4f.
  
Figure 5.4d shows a screenshot of alacarte running on PC-BSD.
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Simply select your new plugin from the list, and click the "+Add" button. It will immediately be added as an icon in the panel.
  
'''Figure 5.4d: Using alacarte to Customize Applications Menu'''
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<noinclude>
 
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{{refheading}}
[[File:alacarte.jpeg]]
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[[category:handbook]]
 
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[[category:desktops]]
Any entry with a checkbox will appear in your menu. To remove an item from the menu, simply uncheck its box. To create a new menu category, either highlight a top-level menu (e.g. KDE Menu or System) or an existing category and click the New Menu button. To add a new entry, highlight the category where you wish the entry to appear and click the New Item button. Input a name for the entry, browse to the path of  the application and press OK.
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[[category:XFCE4]]
 
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</noinclude>
===Mounting Devices===
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XFCE recently [http://linux.slashdot.org/story/11/01/17/0041238/Xfce-48-Released announced] that it would no longer support the hald device notifier (used by most open source operating systems, including PC-BSD) in favour of udev which is only supported on Linux. This meant that device notification and auto mounting within XFCE would no longer work on BSD systems.
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PC-BSD uses an '''amount''' script and daemon to monitor devd for insert and removal notifications and to notify the running desktop. This means that if you insert a device while running XFCE, it will be automatically mounted. Since the script and daemon are part of the operating system, it will not matter which window manager you are running, automounting should "just work”.
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===XFCE Plugins===
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XFCE supports many plugins which provide additional applications that are separate from the official XFCE distribution. You can browse for plugins and read descriptions for each at the XFCE [http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/start goodies website] If you find a plugin that is not available within AppCafe™, this [http://forums.pcbsd.org/showthread.php?t=13642 README] explains how to determine if a FreeBSD port is available, how to request a PBI if a port is available, and how to request a port if one does not already exist.
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After installing a plugin, go to Settings -> Panel -> Items and click the + button to see the Add New Items screen shown in Figure 5.4.e.
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'''Figure 5.4.e: Adding a Plugin to the Panel'''
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[[File:Xfce3.png]]
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Simply select your new plugin from the list, and click the +Add button. It will immediately be added as an icon in the panel.
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<noinclude>[[category:handbook]]</noinclude>
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Revision as of 23:21, 26 February 2013

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

Contents

Xfce[1] is a lightweight desktop environment that aims to be low on system resources and fast, while still being visually appealing and user friendly. The first time you start XFCE4, you will see the Welcome Message shown in Figure 6.4a.

Figure 6.4a: Panel Welcome Message

In XFCE, a panel[2] is a bar which can hold many items such as application launchers, window lists, a clock, a notification area, and application menus. Your initial panel setup options are:

  • Migrate old config: select this option if you wish to have a single panel with an application launcher and other icons as shown in Figure 6.4b. The application launcher menu may be reached from the upper left, or by right-clicking on the desktop.
  • Use default config: this option will install a large panel across the top and a small, minimal panel centered on the bottom, as shown in Figure 6.4c. The application launcher menu may be accessed by the fireball icon in the lower left, or by a right-click on the desktop.
  • One empty panel: this option will install a panel with no icons. The application menu is available by right-clicking the desktop as shown in Figures 6.4b and 6.4c.
Figure 6.4b: XFCE Desktop on a PC-BSD® System with Complete Panel Migrated From Old Config
Figure 6.4c: XFCE Desktop on a PC-BSD® System with Minimal Panel Using Default Config

If you wish to change your configuration choice at a later time, reset the panel using ApplicationsSettingsSettings Editor, as shown in Figure 6.4d, then exit to the login prompt without saving session info. The next login to XFCE will present the panel configuration choice again.

In addition to the PC-BSD® utilities, XFCE provides the following utilities:

  • Xdesktop[3]: desktop manager found in SettingsDesktop. Sets the background image, provides a right-click menu to launch applications, and can show files (including application launchers) or iconified windows.
  • Xfwm4[4]: window manager found in SettingsWindow Manager. It provides window decorations, virtual desktops, multiscreen mode, transparency and a keyboard shortcuts editor.
  • Ristretto[5]: fast and light-weight picture viewer found in GraphicsRistretto Photo Viewer.
  • Midori[6]: light-weight graphical browser found in InternetMidori.
  • Xfburn[7]: CD/DVD burning tool found in MultimediaXfburn.
  • Orage[8]: calendar and reminder daemon found in OfficeOrage Calendar.
  • Thunar[9]: file manager found in SystemThunar File Manager.

A list of recommended applications for XFCE can be found on the XFCE Wiki[11].

Editing the Menu

XFCE no longer includes a graphical menu editor. The XFCE team recommends using alacarte which is included when you install XFCE4 on PC-BSD® and which can be started by typing alacarte within an xterm. Figure 6.4e shows a screenshot of alacarte running on PC-BSD®.

Any entry with a checkbox will appear in your menu. To remove an item from the menu, simply uncheck its box. To create a new menu category, either highlight a top-level menu (e.g. KDE Menu or System) or an existing category and click the "New Menu" button. To add a new entry, highlight the category where you wish the entry to appear and click the "New Item" button. Input a name for the entry, browse to the path of the application and press "OK".

Figure 6.4d: Using Settings Editor to Reset Panel
Figure 6.4e: Using alacarte to Customize Applications Menu

XFCE Plugins

XFCE supports many plugins which provide additional applications that are separate from the official XFCE distribution. You can browse for plugins and read descriptions for each at the XFCE goodies website[12]. If you find a plugin that is not available within AppCafe®, this README[13]
Figure 6.4f: Adding a Plugin to the Panel
explains how to determine if a FreeBSD port is available, how to request a PBI if a port is available, and how to request a port if one does not already exist.

After installing a plugin, go to SettingsPanelItems and click the + button to see the "Add New Items" window shown in Figure 6.4f.

Simply select your new plugin from the list, and click the "+Add" button. It will immediately be added as an icon in the panel.


References


  1. http://www.xfce.org/
  2. http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfce4-panel
  3. http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfdesktop
  4. http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfwm4
  5. http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/ristretto
  6. http://www.twotoasts.de/index.php?/pages/midori_summary.html
  7. http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfburn
  8. http://www.kolumbus.fi/~w408237/orage/
  9. http://www.xfce.org/projects/thunar
  10. http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4-taskmanager
  11. http://wiki.xfce.org/recommendedapps
  12. http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/start
  13. http://forums.pcbsd.org/showthread.php?t=13642