Difference between revisions of "XFCE4/9.2"

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[http://www.xfce.org/ Xfce] is a lightweight desktop environment that aims to be fast and low on system resources, while still being visually appealing and user friendly.
 
  
===XFCE Applications===
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{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/|txt=Xfce}} is a lightweight desktop environment that aims to be low on system resources and fast, while still being visually appealing and user friendly.
  
The first time you start XFCE4, you will see the message shown in Figure 6.5a:
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The first time you start XFCE4, you will see the message shown in Figure 6.4a:
  
'''Figure 6.5a: Panel Welcome Message'''
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'''Figure 6.4a: Panel Welcome Message'''
  
 
[[File:welcomepanel.png]]
 
[[File:welcomepanel.png]]
  
In XFCE, a [http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfce4-panel panel] is a bar which can hold many items such as application launchers, windows lists, clock, notification area, and applications menus. Your initial panel setup options are:
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In XFCE, a {{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfce4-panel|txt=panel}} is a bar which can hold many items such as application launchers, window lists, a clock, a notification area, and application menus. Your initial panel setup options are:
  
* '''Migrate old config:''' select this option if you wish to have a single panel with an application launcher and other icons as shown in Figure 6.5b. The application launcher menu may be reached from the upper left, or by a right-click on the desktop.
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* '''Migrate old config:''' select this option if you wish to have a single panel with an application launcher and other icons as shown in Figure 6.4b. The application launcher menu may be reached from the upper left, or by right-clicking on the desktop.
  
* '''Use default config:''' this option will install a large panel across the top and a small minimal panel centered on the bottom. The application launcher menu may be accessed by the fireball icon in the lower left, or by a right-click on the desktop.
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* '''Use default config:''' this option will install a large panel across the top and a small, minimal panel centered on the bottom. The application launcher menu may be accessed by the fireball icon in the lower left, or by a right-click on the desktop.
  
* '''One empty panel:''' this option will install a panel with no icons. The application menu is available by right-clicking the desktop as shown in Figures 6.5b and 6.5c.
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* '''One empty panel:''' this option will install a panel with no icons. The application menu is available by right-clicking the desktop as shown in Figures 6.4b and 6.4c.
  
Figure 6.5b shows a screenshot of XFCE4 running on a PC-BSD 9.1 with the application menu open:
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Figure 6.4b shows a screenshot of XFCE4 running on a PC-BSD®&nbsp;9.1 with the application menu open:
  
'''Figure 6.5b: XFCE with Complete Panel Migrated From Old Config'''
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'''Figure 6.4b: XFCE with Complete Panel Migrated From Old Config'''
  
 
[[File:XFCE4-2.png]]
 
[[File:XFCE4-2.png]]
  
'''Figure 6.5c: XFCE with Minimal Panel Using Default Config'''
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'''Figure 6.4c: XFCE with Minimal Panel Using Default Config'''
  
 
[[File:XFCE4.png]]
 
[[File:XFCE4.png]]
  
In order to restore the prior configuration choice, reset the panel within the settings editor as shown in Figure 6.5d, and then exit to the login prompt without saving session info. The next login to XFCE will present the panel configuration choice again.
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If you wish to change your configuration choice at a later time, reset the panel using ''Applications'' ➜ ''Settings'' ➜ ''Settings Editor'', as shown in Figure 6.4d, then exit to the login prompt without saving session info. The next login to XFCE will present the panel configuration choice again.
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'''Figure 6.4d: Using Settings Editor to Reset Panel
  
'''Figure 6.5d: Settings Editor to reset xfce-panel.
 
 
[[File:settingsEd.png]]
 
[[File:settingsEd.png]]
  
In addition to PC-BSD's utilities, XFCE provides the following utilities:  
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In addition to the PC-BSD® utilities, XFCE provides the following utilities:
  
* '''[http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/ristretto Ristretto:]''' fast and light-weight picture viewer found in Graphics Ristretto Photo Viewer.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfdesktop|txt=Xdesktop}}:''' desktop manager found in ''Settings'' ''Desktop''. Sets the background image, provides a right-click menu to launch applications, and can show files (including application launchers) or iconified windows.
  
* '''[http://www.twotoasts.de/index.php?/pages/midori_summary.html Midori:]''' light-weight graphical browser found in Internet Midori.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfwm4|txt=Xfwm4}}:''' window manager found in ''Settings'' ''Window Manager''. It provides window decorations, virtual desktops, multiscreen mode, transparency and a keyboard shortcuts editor.
  
* '''[http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfburn Xfburn:]''' CD/DVD burning tool found in Multimedia Xfburn.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/ristretto|txt=Ristretto}}:''' fast and light-weight picture viewer found in ''Graphics'' ''Ristretto Photo Viewer''.
  
* '''[http://www.xfce.org/projects/orage Orage:]''' calendar and reminder daemon found in Office Orage Calendar.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.twotoasts.de/index.php?/pages/midori_summary.html|txt=Midori}}:''' light-weight graphical browser found in ''Internet'' ''Midori''.
  
* '''[http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfdesktop Xfesktop:]''' desktop manager found in Settings Destkop. Sets the background image, provides a right-click menu to launch applications, and can show files (including application launchers) or iconified windows.  
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfburn|txt=Xfburn}}:''' CD/DVD burning tool found in ''Multimedia'' ''Xfburn''.
  
* '''[http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfwm4 Xfwm4:]''' window manager found in Settings Window Manager. It provides window decorations, virtual desktops, multiscreen mode, transparency and a keyboard shorcuts editor.
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.kolumbus.fi/~w408237/orage/|txt=Orage}}:''' calendar and reminder daemon found in ''Office'' ''Orage Calendar''.
  
* '''[http://www.xfce.org/projects/thunar Thunar:]''' file manager found in System ➜ Thunar File Manager.  
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://www.xfce.org/projects/thunar|txt=Thunar}}:''' file manager found in ''System'' ''Thunar File Manager''.  
  
A list of recommended applications for XFCE can be found on the [http://wiki.xfce.org/recommendedapps XFCE Wiki].
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* '''{{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4-taskmanager|txt=Task Manager}}:''' graphical task manager found in ''System'' ➜ ''Task Manager''.
  
===Editing the Menu===
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A list of recommended applications for XFCE can be found on the {{citelink|url=http://wiki.xfce.org/recommendedapps|txt=XFCE Wiki}}.
  
XFCE no longer includes a graphical menu editor. The XFCE team recommends using alacarte which is included with PC-BSD's version of XFCE4 and which can be started by typing '''alacarte''' within an xterm.
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=== Editing the Menu ===
  
Figure 6.5e shows a screenshot of alacarte running on PC-BSD.
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XFCE no longer includes a graphical menu editor. The XFCE team recommends using alacarte which is included when you install XFCE4 on PC-BSD® and which can be started by typing '''alacarte''' within an xterm.
  
'''Figure 6.5e: Using alacarte to Customize Applications Menu'''
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Figure 6.4e shows a screenshot of alacarte running on PC-BSD®.
  
[[File:alacarte.png]]
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'''Figure 6.4e: Using alacarte to Customize Applications Menu'''
  
Any entry with a checkbox will appear in your menu. To remove an item from the menu, simply uncheck its box. To create a new menu category, either highlight a top-level menu (e.g. KDE Menu or System) or an existing category and click the New Menu button. To add a new entry, highlight the category where you wish the entry to appear and click the New Item button. Input a name for the entry, browse to the path of  the application and press OK.
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[[File:alacarte.png]]
 
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===Mounting Devices===
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In 2011, XFCE [http://linux.slashdot.org/story/11/01/17/0041238/Xfce-48-Released announced] that it would no longer support the hald device notifier (used by most open source operating systems, including PC-BSD) in favour of udev which is only supported on Linux. This meant that device notification and auto mounting within XFCE would no longer work on BSD systems.
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Any entry with a checkbox will appear in your menu. To remove an item from the menu, simply uncheck its box. To create a new menu category, either highlight a top-level menu (e.g. KDE Menu or System) or an existing category and click the "New Menu" button. To add a new entry, highlight the category where you wish the entry to appear and click the "New Item" button. Input a name for the entry, browse to the path of the application and press "OK".
  
PC-BSD uses an '''amount''' script and daemon to monitor devd for insert and removal notifications and to notify the running desktop. This means that if you insert a device while running XFCE, it will be automatically mounted. Since the script and daemon are part of the operating system, it will not matter which window manager you are running, automounting should "just work”.
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=== XFCE Plugins ===
  
===XFCE Plugins===
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XFCE supports many plugins which provide additional applications that are separate from the official XFCE distribution. You can browse for plugins and read descriptions for each at the XFCE {{citelink|url=http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/start|txt=goodies website}}. If you find a plugin that is not available within AppCafe®, this {{citelink|url=http://forums.pcbsd.org/showthread.php?t=13642|txt=README}} explains how to determine if a FreeBSD port is available, how to request a PBI if a port is available, and how to request a port if one does not already exist.
  
XFCE supports many plugins which provide additional applications that are separate from the official XFCE distribution. You can browse for plugins and read descriptions for each at the XFCE [http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/start goodies website] If you find a plugin that is not available within AppCafe®, this [http://forums.pcbsd.org/showthread.php?t=13642 README] explains how to determine if a FreeBSD port is available, how to request a PBI if a port is available, and how to request a port if one does not already exist.
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After installing a plugin, go to ''Settings'' ➜ ''Panel'' ➜ ''Items'' and click the ''+'' button to see the "Add New Items" screen shown in Figure 6.4f.
  
After installing a plugin, go to Settings ➜ Panel ➜ Items and click the + button to see the Add New Items screen shown in Figure 6.5.f.
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'''Figure 6.4f: Adding a Plugin to the Panel'''
  
'''Figure 6.5.f: Adding a Plugin to the Panel'''
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[[File:addtopanel-2.png]]
  
[[File:Xfce3.png]]
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Simply select your new plugin from the list, and click the "+Add" button. It will immediately be added as an icon in the panel.
  
Simply select your new plugin from the list, and click the +Add button. It will immediately be added as an icon in the panel.
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[[category:handbook]]
 
[[category:handbook]]

Revision as of 23:44, 18 December 2012

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

Contents

Xfce[1] is a lightweight desktop environment that aims to be low on system resources and fast, while still being visually appealing and user friendly.

The first time you start XFCE4, you will see the message shown in Figure 6.4a:

Figure 6.4a: Panel Welcome Message

Welcomepanel.png

In XFCE, a panel[2] is a bar which can hold many items such as application launchers, window lists, a clock, a notification area, and application menus. Your initial panel setup options are:

  • Migrate old config: select this option if you wish to have a single panel with an application launcher and other icons as shown in Figure 6.4b. The application launcher menu may be reached from the upper left, or by right-clicking on the desktop.
  • Use default config: this option will install a large panel across the top and a small, minimal panel centered on the bottom. The application launcher menu may be accessed by the fireball icon in the lower left, or by a right-click on the desktop.
  • One empty panel: this option will install a panel with no icons. The application menu is available by right-clicking the desktop as shown in Figures 6.4b and 6.4c.

Figure 6.4b shows a screenshot of XFCE4 running on a PC-BSD® 9.1 with the application menu open:

Figure 6.4b: XFCE with Complete Panel Migrated From Old Config

XFCE4-2.png

Figure 6.4c: XFCE with Minimal Panel Using Default Config

XFCE4.png

If you wish to change your configuration choice at a later time, reset the panel using ApplicationsSettingsSettings Editor, as shown in Figure 6.4d, then exit to the login prompt without saving session info. The next login to XFCE will present the panel configuration choice again.

Figure 6.4d: Using Settings Editor to Reset Panel

SettingsEd.png

In addition to the PC-BSD® utilities, XFCE provides the following utilities:

  • Xdesktop[3]: desktop manager found in SettingsDesktop. Sets the background image, provides a right-click menu to launch applications, and can show files (including application launchers) or iconified windows.
  • Xfwm4[4]: window manager found in SettingsWindow Manager. It provides window decorations, virtual desktops, multiscreen mode, transparency and a keyboard shortcuts editor.
  • Ristretto[5]: fast and light-weight picture viewer found in GraphicsRistretto Photo Viewer.
  • Midori[6]: light-weight graphical browser found in InternetMidori.
  • Xfburn[7]: CD/DVD burning tool found in MultimediaXfburn.
  • Orage[8]: calendar and reminder daemon found in OfficeOrage Calendar.
  • Thunar[9]: file manager found in SystemThunar File Manager.

A list of recommended applications for XFCE can be found on the XFCE Wiki[11].

Editing the Menu

XFCE no longer includes a graphical menu editor. The XFCE team recommends using alacarte which is included when you install XFCE4 on PC-BSD® and which can be started by typing alacarte within an xterm.

Figure 6.4e shows a screenshot of alacarte running on PC-BSD®.

Figure 6.4e: Using alacarte to Customize Applications Menu

Alacarte.png

Any entry with a checkbox will appear in your menu. To remove an item from the menu, simply uncheck its box. To create a new menu category, either highlight a top-level menu (e.g. KDE Menu or System) or an existing category and click the "New Menu" button. To add a new entry, highlight the category where you wish the entry to appear and click the "New Item" button. Input a name for the entry, browse to the path of the application and press "OK".

XFCE Plugins

XFCE supports many plugins which provide additional applications that are separate from the official XFCE distribution. You can browse for plugins and read descriptions for each at the XFCE goodies website[12]. If you find a plugin that is not available within AppCafe®, this README[13] explains how to determine if a FreeBSD port is available, how to request a PBI if a port is available, and how to request a port if one does not already exist.

After installing a plugin, go to SettingsPanelItems and click the + button to see the "Add New Items" screen shown in Figure 6.4f.

Figure 6.4f: Adding a Plugin to the Panel

Addtopanel-2.png

Simply select your new plugin from the list, and click the "+Add" button. It will immediately be added as an icon in the panel.

References


  1. http://www.xfce.org/
  2. http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfce4-panel
  3. http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfdesktop
  4. http://www.xfce.org/projects/xfwm4
  5. http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/ristretto
  6. http://www.twotoasts.de/index.php?/pages/midori_summary.html
  7. http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfburn
  8. http://www.kolumbus.fi/~w408237/orage/
  9. http://www.xfce.org/projects/thunar
  10. http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4-taskmanager
  11. http://wiki.xfce.org/recommendedapps
  12. http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/start
  13. http://forums.pcbsd.org/showthread.php?t=13642