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Using the Warden
Managing Jails with The Warden
The Warden is a powerful, yet easy to use Jail Management program for PC-BSD and FreeBSD. By using The Warden, it is possible to create "virtual" environments, which can be used to run services, such as Apache, PHP, MySql and others, in a secure manner which does not effect your desktop, and other jails. This guide is intended to help both new and advanced users with installation and everyday usage of The Warden.
The Warden is available for PC-BSD in the PBI format, as well as a FreeBSD port. To install the PBI, first download from pbidir.com, and save it to your system. Next locate and double-click the PBI to load the installation program.
After you enter your root password, the welcome window will appear, click next through the following screens to begin the installation.
After extracting the files, you will be prompted for which network card you wish to run jails on. Select the NIC that you wish to use, and click OK.
After selecting the network card, click Finish to exit the PBI installation. If you selected it, an Icon will be created on the desktop, and in Start -> System -> The Warden
Creating a Jail
The first time you start The Warden, you will be presented with the main window, which should be empty. To create your first Jail, go to File -> New Jail
To create a jail, you will need to start by entering the IP address you wish to associate to this jail, and a hostname. This IP should be available for usage, and not an existing IP on your network. You may also check the options to include both the FreeBSD source tree, and FreeBSD ports tree in this Jail. This will allow you to rebuild the world, or manually install ports into this Jail. These options will require that you have source & ports installed in /usr/src and /usr/ports respectively. If you wish to start this jail every time you reboot the system you may select the option to do so now.
After you have entered the IP address and hostname, you will need to set the root password, and create an initial account for this jail. When the jail is started, SSH will be enabled, so you will want to make both of these passwords secure.
Once you have setup the username / password for this jail, The Warden will create the jail, and setup the initial options. This may take some time, if you choose the options to include the FreeBSD source and/or ports tree.
Starting / Stopping a Jail
Starting a jail in The Warden GUI is very simple. Simply right-click on the jail you wish to start, and click "Start this Jail". Once the jail has been started, you will be able to SSH to its IP address using the username / password you provided. You may need to open firewall port 22 if you run into difficulty connecting to the jail.