Using the Text Installer/10.0
(Sorry for the inconvenience)
If you prefer to perform an installation using an ncurses menu rather than a full graphical installer, select the option "Text Install/Emergency Console" from the installer boot menu shown in Figure 3a. Once the installer finishes loading, you will see the screen shown in Figure 5.1a.
Figure 5.1a: Text Installation Menu
This initial menu provides the following options:
- install: continues the installation using the text-based installer.
- xorg: launches the graphical installer described in Installing PC-BSD®.
- vesa: launches the graphical installer in VESA mode.
- utility: launches the menu described in Using the System Utilities Menu.
- reboot: exits the installer and reboots the system.
Use the up/down arrows to make selections then press enter to continue with the selection. If you keep the default selection of "install", you will be prompted to install a desktop or a server in the screen shown in Figure 5.1b.
Figure 5.1b: Select Desktop or Server
After making a selection and pressing enter, the next screen will display the available disks on the system. In the example shown in Figure 5.1c, one disk is available.
Figure 5.1c: Select Installation Disk
Select the disk to install into and press enter. In the next screen, the installer will display all available primary partitions. In the example shown in Figure 5.1d, their is only one primary partition on one disk and the installer has selected the default of installing to the entire disk. If you have multiple primary partitions and disks, carefully select the disk and partition to install to.
Figure 5.1d: Select Primary Partition
The next screen, shown in Figure 5.1e, is used to select which, if any, boot manager to use. The default is to use GRUB as it is required to support multiple boot environments. If you select BSD, the FreeBSD boot manager will be installed and if you select none, no boot manager will be installed. Note that BSD and none do not support boot environments.
Figure 5.1e: Select Boot Manager
The next screen, shown in Figure 5.1f, allows you to start the installation, edit the installation parameters, go through the installer screens again, or quit the installer.
Figure 5.1f: Review Installation Options
If you wish to change any of the installation parameters, select edit to see the screen shown in Figure 5.1g.
Figure 5.1g: Edit Menu
To change the disk to install into, select disk. This will re-open the screens shown in Figures 5.1c, 5.1d, and 5.1e, and then return you to the screen shown in Figure 5.1g.
To modify the default ZFS layout, select zfs which will open the screen shown in Figure 5.1h.
Figure 5.1h: ZFS Layout
To edit the properties of an existing dataset, highlight the dataset's name and press enter. This will show the list of available ZFS properties for that dataset, as seen in the example shown in Figure 5.1i. To change the value of a ZFS property, highlight it and press enter. The available values will vary, depending upon the selected property.
NOTE: while you can delete a dataset, the default datasets are needed for boot environments. For this reason, it is not recommended to delete any default datasets. ZFS options are described in zfs(8) and you should not change any options unless you are familiar with the ramifications of doing so.
Figure 5.1i: ZFS Properties for a Dataset
If you wish to add additional datasets, select add in the screen shown in Figure 5.1h. This will prompt for the full path of the mountpoint to create. For example, you could create a dataset named /usr/shares. The dataset you create will be added to the bottom of the list. If you select the dataset and press enter, you can set its ZFS properties.
Once you are finished customizing the ZFS layout, select done in the screen shown in Figure 5.1h which will return you to the screen shown in Figure 5.1g.
To configure networking, select network in the screen shown in Figure 5.1g. You will be prompted to enter a hostname, to select either automatic DHCP configuration on all interfaces or to specify the interface to configure, and whether or not to enable SSH. Once finished, you will be returned to the screen shown in Figure 5.1g.
If you select view in the screen shown in Figure 5.1g, the ASCII text file containing the configuration script will be displayed. If you instead select edit, this script will open in the vi editor, allowing you to make changes. The parameters supported by the installation script are described in Creating an Automated Installation with pc-sysinstall.
Once you are finished with your customizations, select back to return to the screen shown in Figure 5.1f so that you can begin the installation.
Using the System Utilities Menu
The utility option of the text based installer, seen in Figure 5.1a, can be used to format a drive prior to installation or access an emergency shell in order to view the status of an installation that no longer boots. If you select this option, you will see the screen shown in Figure 5.1j.
Figure 5.1j: System Utilities Menu