Using a Rolling Release/9.2
In February, 2013, PC-BSD® switched to a rolling release model. This is intended to make it easier for users to keep the packages that came with the operating system up-to-date and to make new features and drivers available for testing before the next major version is released. The rolling release is based on FreeBSD-STABLE. For terminology purposes, a release version is referred to as RELEASE and a rolling release version is referred to as STABLE.
The rolling release model is optional. This means that users can choose to either remain on a RELEASE or to upgrade an existing RELEASE to STABLE. Users that remain on RELEASE will still be notified of security updates and updates to software installed using AppCafe®. However, they will not receive updates to the packages installed with the operating system or any new features until they upgrade to the next RELEASE.
Currently, the schedule for updates is as follows:
- RELEASE: pkgng software repository is updated on or about the 1st and 15th of each month.
- STABLE: pkgng software repository is updated on or about the 5th and 20th of each month. In addition, a new update patch is issued on the 1st of each month which can be used to update to the latest STABLE.
Users who wish to install a version of PC-BSD® which contains the latest operating system software and features can choose to install STABLE instead of RELEASE.
The rest of this section will demonstrate how to upgrade a RELEASE to STABLE. It also describes how to install a STABLE version.
The rolling release model is new to PC-BSD® and glitches should be expected. RELEASE is recommended for users who prefer stability over the latest versions of software and who do not wish to test new features. STABLE is recommended for users who prefer to have the latest versions of software and who are willing to look for and to report bugs.
Upgrading a 9.1-RELEASE System to STABLE
To upgrade a PC-BSD® 9.1-RELEASE system to a rolling release, become the superuser and edit the file /usr/local/share/pcbsd/pc-updatemanager/conf/sysupdate.conf. Change this line:
Once the edit is saved, you can use either Update Manager or pc-updatemanager to upgrade to the latest rolling release. Once the upgrade is complete, it will automatically change the above line so that it looks like this:
As new rolling releases become available, they will appear in Update Manager. An announcement will also be made to the testing mailing list and to the blog, indicating which features are new in this rolling release and any known caveats. If you find a bug in a rolling release, either leave a comment on the associated blog post or send an email with the details to the testing mailing list.
As with any upgrade, always backup your data first. Life Preserver can be used to backup your home directory to another system in your network.
Installing a Rolling Release
To install a rolling release from DVD or USB media, or to try a live USB image, select the desired architecture and media type from this FTP server. Rolling releases will always have a date in the media name and you should choose the most recent date. After downloading the desired file, you can install or use the live image as usual, as described in Chapters 2-4 of this Handbook.
Once installed, a rolling release will automatically notify you when a newer rolling release becomes available. You can use either Update Manager or pc-updatemanager to upgrade to the newer rolling release.
Before upgrading, backup your data and check the announcement on the blog to see which features are new and any known caveats. If you find a bug in that rolling release, either leave a comment on the associated blog post or send an email with the details to the testing mailing list.