A virtualized environment allows you to test drive an operating system without overwriting your current operating system. This is an excellent way to practice installation, determine whether all of your hardware is supported, or to try multiple versions of different operating systems. Virtualization software effectively creates windows (known as virtual machines) into which you can install and use an operating system. The only limitation to virtualization is your hardware as each virtual machine uses CPU and RAM.
PC-BSD® provides a PBI for AppCafe® to install VirtualBox. If your computer is running another operating system, download the binary for your operating system from the ., an open source virtualization program. VirtualBox also runs on Windows, Linux, Macintosh, and OpenSolaris and supports a large number of operating systems that can be installed into a virtual machine. If your computer is already running a version of PC-BSD®, you can use
In order to use PC-BSD® within VirtualBox, you will need to either:
- download the PC-BSD® virtual disk, which contains a virtual machine with a pre-installed version of PC-BSD® or
- download the PC-BSD® ISO, create your own virtual machine, and use the ISO to install PC-BSD® into it.
If you have downloaded the PC-BSD® virtual disk, skip ahead to Using the Downloadable VirtualBox Disk.
- 2048 MB base memory size
- a virtual disk at least 20 GB in size for a TrueOS® installation or at least 50 GB in size for a PC-BSD® installation
- a bridged adapter
Erstellen einer virtuellen Maschine
Once installed, start VirtualBox to see the screen shown in Figure 2.7a. To create the virtual machine, click the "New" button to start the new virtual machine wizard. Click the "Next" button to see the screen in Figure 2.7b.
The base memory size must be changed to at least 2048 MB. If your system has a lot of RAM, use more. Any number within the green area is considered a safe value by VirtualBox, meaning it should not slow down your computer too much. When finished, click "Next" to see the screen in Figure 2.7d:
The wizard can be used to create the following types of virtual disk formats:
- VDI: Virtual Disk Image is the format used by VirtualBox. Select this option if you downloaded a PC-BSD® ISO file.
- VMDK: Virtual Machine Disk is the format used by .
- VHD: Virtual Hard Disk is the format used by .
- HDD: is the format used by .
Once you make a selection, click the "Next" button to see the screen in Figure 2.7f:
This screen is used to set the size (or upper limit) of the virtual machine. If you plan to install PC-BSD® into the virtual machine, increase the size to at least 20 GB or you will receive an error during the PC-BSD® installation. If you plan to install KDE, GNOME, multiple desktop managers, or PBIs within the virtual machine, you will probably want to choose at least 50 GB. Whatever size you set, make sure that your computer has enough free disk space to support it. Use the folder icon to browse to a directory on disk with sufficient space to hold your virtual machine.
Configuring the Network Adapter
If you wish to use your network card, you will need to configure bridging on your virtual machine. To do this, go to Settings ➜ Network. In the "Attached to" drop-down menu select "Bridged Adapter" then select the name of the physical interface from the Name drop-down menu. In the example shown in Figure 2.7i, the Intel Pro/1000 Ethernet card is attached to the network and has a device name of re0.
Configuring the Storage Device
Double-click the word Empty, which represents your DVD reader. If you wish to access the PC-BSD® installer from your DVD reader, double-check that the Slot is pointing to the correct location (e.g. IDE Secondary Master) and use the drop-down menu to change it if the location is incorrect. Click the "CD/DVD Device" drop-down menu to change it from empty to the Host Drive value.
If you prefer to use an ISO that is stored on your hard disk, click the DVD icon ➜ Choose a virtual CD/DVD disk file to open a browser menu where you can navigate to the location of the ISO. Highlight the desired ISO and click Open. The name of the ISO will now appear in the Storage Tree section.
You are now ready to install PC-BSD® into your virtual machine. Simply highlight the virtual machine and click on the green "Start" icon. A window will open indicating that the virtual machine is starting. If you have a DVD inserted, you should hear it spin and it should start to boot into the installation program. If it does not or if you are using an ISO stored on the hard disk, press F12 to select the boot device when you see the message to do so, then press "c" to boot from CD-ROM. You can then proceed through the installation as described in the Installation section.
Installing VirtualBox Guest Additions
Beginning with PC-BSD® 9.0, you can install the Control Panel ➜ System Manager ➜ System Packages ➜ Misc. The guest additions add mouse pointer integration, shared folders between the host and guest, better video support, and a shared clipboard. To use the improved video support, select vboxvideo in Control Panel ➜ Display.either during installation or afterwards using
Using the Downloadable VirtualBox or VMWare Disk
PC-BSD® provides pre-built VirtualBox and VMWare disks which create a a pre-made virtual machine with PC-BSD already installed. The VirtualBox file ends in a .vdi.bz2 extension and the VMWare disk file ends in a .vmdk.bz2 extension. The .bz2 means that either file needs to be unzipped first so that it just ends with a .vdi or .vmdk extension.
On a Linux or BSD system, use the bunzip2 command by giving it the name of the file which you downloaded:
On a Windows system, you can use a utility such as. On a Mac OS X system, simply double-click the file in "Finder" to extract it.
Once the file is unzipped, open VirtualBox as described in Creating a Virtual Machine. When you get to Figure 2.7d, select "Use existing hard disk".
Use the browse icon to browse to the location of the .vdi or .vmdk file then press "Next". A message will indicate that the virtual machine will be created; click the "Create" button to finish the wizard. You can then configure the network adapter and start the virtual machine.
The virtual machine will boot into the first boot wizard for PC-BSD® so that the system can be configured. Once the display wizard is finished and the login prompt appears, input the username and password that you configured at the login screen.
If the installer program fails to load, try increasing the amount of RAM in the virtual machine.
If the installation fails and you would like to review the installation log, right-click the virtual machine window and select xterm from the menu. You can now type more /tmp/pc-sysinstall.log to review the log.
Ctrl-f (right ctrl key only) will toggle the virtual machine window in and out of full-screen mode.
Thecontains additional information that may assist you in troubleshooting VirtualBox issues.