User Manager/9.2/de

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The PC-BSD® User Manager utility, seen in Figure 8.9a, allows you to easily add and delete users and groups, as well as change a user's or the root user's password. To access this utility, go to Control PanelUser Manager or type pc-su pc-usermanager. You will need to input your password in order to access this utility.

Figure 8.9a: Viewing User Accounts in User Manager

In this example, the system has 2 user accounts. The dru account has the ability to become the superuser as the "Can administrate system" checkbox is checked.

If you click the "Remove" button for a highlighted user, a pop-up menu will ask if you would like to also delete the user's home directory (along with all of their files). If you click "No", the user will still be deleted but their home directory will remain. If you have only created one user account, the "Remove" button will be greyed out as you need at least one user to be able to login to the PC-BSD® system.

ANMERKUNG: While a removed user will no longer be listed, the user account will not actually be deleted until you click the "Apply" button. A pop-up message will indicate that you have pending changes if you close User Manager without clicking "Apply". If you change your mind, click "No" and the user account will not be deleted; otherwise, click "Yes" and the user will be deleted and User Manager will close.

The password for any user can be changed by first highlighting the user name then clicking the "Change Password" button. You will not be prompted for the old password in order to reset a user's password; this can be handy if a user has forgotten their password and can no longer log into the PC-BSD® system. If you click the "Change Admin Password" button, you can change the root password.

If you click the "Advanced View" button, this screen will change to show all of the accounts on the system, not just the user accounts that you created. An example is seen in Figure 8.9b.

Figure 8.9b: Viewing All Accounts and Their Details

The accounts that you did not create are known as system accounts and are needed by the operating system or installed applications. You should not delete any accounts that you did not create yourself as doing so may cause a previously working application to stop working. "Advanced View" provides additional information associated with each account, such as the user ID number, full name (description), home directory, default shell, and primary group. System accounts usually have a shell of nologin for security reasons, meaning that an attacker cannot try to login to the system using that account name.

Figure 8.9c shows the add user account creation screen that opens when you click the "Add" button.

ANMERKUNG: If you click the "Add" button while in "Simple View", you will only be prompted to enter the username, full name, and password.
Figure 8.9c: Creating a New User Account

This screen is used to input the following information when adding a new user or system account:

Benutzername: der Name mit dem sich die Benutzer beim System anmelden. Es ist auf Groß-und Kleinschreibung zu achten und es dürfen keine Leerzeichen enthalten sein. Wenn Sie für eine Anwendung ein Systemkonto benötigen, verwenden Sie den Namen der in der Installationsanweisung der Anwendung angegeben ist. Sollte der gewünschte Benuztername bereits existieren, wird er in rot hervorgehoben und das Programm fordert Sie auf einen anderen Namen zu verwenden.

Vollständiger Name: Dieses Feld enthält eine Beschreibung des Kontos und kann Leerzeichen enthalten. Wenn es sich um ein Benutzerkonto handelt, verwenden Sie den Vor-und Nachnamen des Benutzers. Handelt es sich um ein Systemkonto, tragen Sie am besten den Namen der Anwendung ein, die dieses Konto verwendet.

Persönlicher Ordner: Bei einem Benutzerkonto können Sie dieses Feld leer lassen. Das System wird dann automatisch einen persönlichen Ordner unter /home/username anlegen. Wenn Sie jedoch ein Systemkonto einrichten ist es wichtig, die Vorgabe durch /var/empty or /nonexistent zu ersetzen, sofern die Installationsanleitung der Anwendung nicht ein bestimmtes Verzeichnis vorschreibt.

Shell: this drop-down menu contains the shells that are available to users when they are at a command prompt. You can either keep the default or select a shell which the user prefers.

Primäre Gruppe:, wenn Sie die Standard-Schaltfläche "Neue Gruppe" ausgewählt lassen, eine Gruppe mit dem gleichen Namen wie die Benutzer erstellt werden. Dieser ist in der Regel, was Sie, wenn Sie die Schaffung eines Systems Konto und die Montageanleitung einen anderen Gruppennamen werden wollen. Beachten Sie, dass die Drop-Down-Menü für die Angabe einen Gruppennamen zeigt nur bestehende Gruppen, aber Sie können schnell eine Gruppe mit der Registerkarte "Gruppen".

Password: the password is case-sensitive and needs to be confirmed.

Once you have made your selections, press the "Ok" button to create the account.

If you click the "Groups" tab, you can view all of the groups on the system, as seen in Figure 8.9d.

Figure 8.9d: Managing Groups Using User Manager

Dieses Fenster hat 3 Spalten:

Gruppen: zeigt alle Gruppen des Systems an.

Verfügbar: zeigt alle System- und Benutzerkonten des Systems in alphabetischer Reihenfolge an.

Mitglieder: zeigt alle Benutzerkonten der markierten Gruppe an.

To add an account to a group, highlight the group name in the first column. Then, highlight the account name in the "Available" column. Click the right arrow and the selected account will appear in the "Members" column. You should only add user accounts to groups that you create yourself or when an application's installation instructions indicate that an account needs to be added to a group.

If you click the "Add" button, a pop-up menu will prompt you for the name of the new group. Once you press "OK", the group will be added to the "Groups" column.

If you click the "Remove" button, the highlighted group will automatically be deleted after you press the "Apply" button, so be sure to do this with care. Again, do not remove any groups that you did not create yourself or applications that used to work may stop working.

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