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PC-BSD 9.0 introduced a redesigned Update Manager to make it easy to update the underlying FreeBSD operating system, installed PBIs, and system components and to apply security updates. Unlike previous versions of PC-BSD, the 9.x series of PC-BSD uses the GENERIC FreeBSD kernel in order to facilitate upgrading the operating system itself.
This section describes how to use the Update Manager GUI to update PBIs and apply system updates. Upgrading PC-BSD demonstrates how to start an operating system upgrade from the GUI.
Advanced users can use the following command line utilities to achieve the same results:
- pbi_update: used to update installed PBIs
- pc-metapkgmanager: used to update installed system components
- pc-updatemanager: used to update the operating system
Using the GUI to Update PBIs and Apply System Updates
An icon located in your system tray lets you tell at a glance if any of your PBIs are out-of-date or if a system update is available. This icon has several possible states:
newer versions of installed PBI(s) are available; click this icon to open AppCafe® so that you can update the PBI(s).
If you right-click the icon, you will see the menu shown in Figure 6.3a. If updates are available for installed PBIs, AppCafe® will also open to the Installed tab so that you can view the new versions which are available.
Figure 6.3a: Right-click Menu for Update Manager
Selecting "Start the Update Manager" from the right-click menu will open Update Manager so that you can review the available update(s).
Figure 6.3b shows a screenshot of Update Manager:
Figure 6.3b: Update Manager
If any updates are available, they will be listed; if your system is fully up-to-date, there won't be any entries.
If you hover over a listed update, a pop-up menu will provide some details about the update.
To install an update, check the update(s) that you wish to install and click the "Install selected updates" button. You can watch the update's progress as seen in Figure 6.3c:
Figure 6.3c: Installing a System Update
If the update requires a reboot, you will be notified to do so after the update has been installed. If a reboot is needed, clicking the OK button at the informational message won't reboot the system. Update Manager won't automatically reboot, meaning you can continue to use your computer for other tasks while the system is being updated. Finish whatever you are doing and reboot the computer at a time that is convenient for you.
You can see which updates are available, which have been ignored, and which have been installed by looking at the contents of those subdirectories within /var/db/pc-updatemanager. Each update ends in a .upd extension. A .upd file contains information about the update, as seen in the following example:
NEED MORE RECENT EXAMPLE
more /var/db/pc-updatemanager/installed/9-STABLE-20120418/updatemanager-20120528.upd Name: Update Manager Bugfixes Date: 05-28-2012 MD5: 0a29079b94b2f3f1b1e105e6f67c786a Size: 1 Mirror: ftp://ftp.pcbsd.org/pub/ FileURL: /system-updates/noarch/updatemanager-20120528.txz StandAlone: NO RequiresReboot: NO DetailsURL: http://www.pcbsd.org/content/view/75/30/