Difference between revisions of "System Manager/9.2"

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(Install FreeBSD Source and Ports)
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=== Generating a Diagnostic Report ===
 
=== Generating a Diagnostic Report ===
  
System Manager, shown in Figure 8.7a, is launched by clicking ''[[Control Panel]]'' ➜ ''[[System Manager]]''. You will have to input the administrative password to allow the System Manager window to open.  
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System Manager, shown in Figure 8.7a, is launched by clicking ''[[Control Panel]]'' ➜ ''[[System Manager]]''. You will be prompted to input the administrative password to allow the System Manager window to open. <div style="overflow: hidden">[[File:Diagnostic1.png|left|thumb|393px|'''Figure 8.7a: General Tab of System Manager Utility''']][[File:System3d.png|right|thumb|393px|'''Figure 8.7b: Mirrors Tab of the System Manager Utility''']]</div>
  
'''Figure 8.7a: General Tab of System Manager Utility'''
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The "General" tab displays the following system information:
 
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NEED UPDATED ONE FOR 9.1 RELEASE
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[[Image:Diagnostic1.jpeg]]
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The General tab displays the following system information:
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* the version of PC-BSD®
 
* the version of PC-BSD®
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* the amount of physical memory
 
* the amount of physical memory
  
The Generate button can be used to create a report that includes the following items:
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The "Generate" button can be used to create a report that includes the following items:
  
 
* the output of the '''dmesg''' command, which shows messages from the kernel
 
* the output of the '''dmesg''' command, which shows messages from the kernel
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* a listing from the '''top''' command, which shows the currently running processes
 
* a listing from the '''top''' command, which shows the currently running processes
  
When you click the Generate button, you will be prompted to input the name and location of the text file that will be created. Since it is a text file, you can view its contents in any text editor. When troubleshooting your system, this file is handy to include in your {{citelink|url=http://forums.pcbsd.org/|forum}} post or {{citelink|url=http://lists.pcbsd.org/mailman/listinfo/support|mailing list}} message.
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When you click the "Generate" button, you will be prompted to input the name and location of the text file that will be created. Since it is a text file, you can view its contents in any text editor. When troubleshooting your system, this file is handy to include in your {{citelink|url=http://forums.pcbsd.org/|txt=forum}} post or {{citelink|url=http://lists.pcbsd.org/mailman/listinfo/support|txt=mailing list}} message.
  
 
=== Setting an Update Mirror ===
 
=== Setting an Update Mirror ===
  
The Mirrors tab of System Manager, seen in Figure 8.7b, allows you to configure which PC-BSD® mirror is used in order to check for and install updates to the operating system or installed PBIs. The default selection is to use the closest geographic mirror. Occasionally, this mirror is busy or may not contain the PBI or update that you wish to install. To change the default mirror, click the "Select Mirror from list" button and select a mirror from the drop-down list.
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The "Mirrors" tab of System Manager, seen in Figure 8.7b, allows you to configure which PC-BSD® mirror is used when installing applications or updates [[Using AppCafe®|using AppCafe®]] or [[Update Manager]].  
  
'''Figure 8.7b: Mirrors Tab of the System Manager Utility'''
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By default, PC-BSD® automatically checks its list of mirrors every day to ensure each mirror is operational. If you keep the default selection of "Use auto-detected mirrors", [[File:System4c.png|thumb|393px|'''Figure 8.7c: Available Components in System Manager''']] it will automatically choose the available mirror that is geographically closest to your location and your mirror will automatically change if you are travelling or if your current mirror goes down.
  
[[File:System3c.png]]
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Alternately, you can override the automatic selection by clicking "Select Mirror from list" and choosing a mirror in the drop-down menu. Occasionally, your selected mirror may become busy or unavailable. If you are unable to install a PBI or an update, try selecting another mirror from the drop-down list or change your selection back to "Use auto-detected mirrors".
  
If your company maintains its own repository of PBIs or updates, you can select the "Specify a custom mirror" button and input the IP address of the company's server.
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If your company maintains its own repository of PBIs or updates, you can select the "Specify a custom Mirror" button and input the IP address of the company's server.
  
=== Install/Uninstall Desktops and System Components ===
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The mirror setting is saved to ''/usr/local/etc/pcbsd.conf'', as seen in this example:
  
During the installation of PC-BSD® you had an opportunity to install desktops and system components. Should you wish to review these components, install missing components, or remove installed components, you can do so in the System Packages tab of System Manager, shown in Figure 8.7c:
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{{txtbox|box={{pound}} Default PC-BSD Mirror for System Updates / Meta-Pkgs
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PCBSD_MIRROR: {{ftp}}mirrors.isc.org/pub/pcbsd}}
  
'''Figure 8.7c: Available Components in System Manager'''
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This provides the ability to change the mirror from the command line by editing the URL in that file to point to the desired mirror.
  
[[Image:System4c.png]]
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=== Install/Uninstall Desktops and System Components ===
  
Check the boxes for the components that you wish to install, uncheck the boxes for the components that you wish to remove, then click the Apply button to perform the requested operations.
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During the installation of PC-BSD® you had an opportunity to install desktops and system components. Should you wish to review these components, install missing components, or remove installed components, you can do so in the "System Packages" tab of System Manager, shown in Figure 8.7c.[[File:Systemmanager2d.png|thumb|393px|'''Figure 8.7d: Tasks Tab of the System Manager Utility''']]
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Check the boxes for the components that you wish to install, uncheck the boxes for the components that you wish to remove, then click the "Apply" button to perform the requested operations.
  
 
[[System Selection Screen | This page]] contains a brief description of the available components.
 
[[System Selection Screen | This page]] contains a brief description of the available components.
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=== Install FreeBSD Source and Ports ===
 
=== Install FreeBSD Source and Ports ===
  
During the installation of PC-BSD® you had an opportunity to install FreeBSD source and ports. If you did not and wish to do so after installation, use the Tasks tab of System Manager, shown in Figure 8.7d:  
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During the installation of PC-BSD® you had an opportunity to install FreeBSD source and ports. If you did not and wish to do so after installation, use the "Tasks" tab of System Manager, shown in Figure 8.7d:  
 
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'''Figure 8.7d: Tasks Tab of the System Manager Utility'''
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[[Image:Systemmanager2d.png]]
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This tab provides a graphical interface for installing system source (using '''svn''') or the ports tree (using '''portsnap''').  
 
This tab provides a graphical interface for installing system source (using '''svn''') or the ports tree (using '''portsnap''').  
  
If you click the "Fetch System Source" button, a progress screen will indicate that sources are being downloaded to ''/usr/src/.'' Once the download is complete, a "Finished!" message will appear and you can click the Close button to exit this screen.  
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If you click the "Fetch System Source" button, a progress screen will indicate that sources are being downloaded to ''/usr/src/.'' Once the download is complete, a "Finished!" message will appear and you can click the "Close" button to exit this screen.  
  
 
If you click the “Fetch Ports Tree” button, a message will indicate that ports are being fetched and will indicate when this is complete by adding a “Finished!” message to the lower left corner of the message. Ports will be installed to ''/usr/ports/.''
 
If you click the “Fetch Ports Tree” button, a message will indicate that ports are being fetched and will indicate when this is complete by adding a “Finished!” message to the lower left corner of the message. Ports will be installed to ''/usr/ports/.''
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=== Set Miscellaneous Options ===
 
=== Set Miscellaneous Options ===
  
The Misc tab of System Manager is seen in Figure 8.7e:
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[[File:Systemmanager3aa.png|thumb|393px|'''Figure 8.7e: Misc Tab of the System Manager Utility''']]
 
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The "Misc" tab of System Manager is seen in Figure 8.7e:  
'''Figure 8.7e: Misc Tab of the System Manager Utility'''
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[[Image:Systemmanager3aa.png]]
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The Boot Screen section of this tab allows you to configure whether or not the PC-BSD® splash image appears during boot and the language of the splash screen. Uncheck this box if you prefer to watch the boot messages instead of the splash image. Localized versions of the PC-BSD® splash screen are installed in the ''/usr/local/share/pcbsd/splash-screens/'' directory. If you click the Custom button, you can browse to the location of a customized splash screen.
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The "Boot Screen" section of this tab allows you to configure whether or not the PC-BSD® splash image appears during boot and the language of the splash screen. Uncheck this box if you prefer to watch the boot messages instead of the splash image. Localized versions of the PC-BSD® splash screen are installed in the ''/usr/local/share/pcbsd/splash-screens/'' directory. If you click the "Custom" button, you can browse to the location of a customized splash screen.
  
'''NOTE:''' the splash screen must be an {{citelink|url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indexed_color|indexed-mode}} 256-color image in the  bitmap ({{citelink|url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitmap|''.bmp''}}) or ZSoft PCX ({{citelink|url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PCX|''.pcx''}}) format. However, this GUI will not accept a bitmap image. Further information can be found at the {{citelink|url=http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/boot-blocks.html#BOOT-SPLASH|FreeBSD Bootsplash page}}.
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{{note|width=48.5%|icon64=the splash screen must be an {{citelink|url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indexed_color|indexed-mode}} 256-color image in the  bitmap ({{citelink|wp|url=Bitmap|txt=''.bmp''}}) or ZSoft PCX ({{citelink|wp|url=PCX|txt=''.pcx''}}) format. However, this GUI will not accept a bitmap image. Further information can be found at the {{citelink|fbsdh|url=boot-blocks.html#boot-splash|txt=FreeBSD Bootsplash page}}.}}
  
The Other Options section of this tab contains a checkbox to "Force IBUS keyboard input." Check this box if you wish to to input Chinese, Japanese, Korean or Indic characters using a Latin keyboard. <!-- Does this add two lines to the .xinitrc file: export XMODIFIERS='@im=ibus' (and) export GTK_IM_MODULE=ibus -->
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The "Other Options" section of this tab contains a checkbox to "Force IBUS keyboard input". Check this box if you wish to to input Chinese, Japanese, Korean or Indic characters using a Latin keyboard. <!-- Does this add two lines to the .xinitrc file: export XMODIFIERS='@im=ibus' (and) export GTK_IM_MODULE=ibus -->
  
<noinclude>{{refheading}}</noinclude>
 
 
<noinclude>
 
<noinclude>
 +
{{refheading}}
 
[[category:handbook]]
 
[[category:handbook]]
 
[[category:Control Panel]]
 
[[category:Control Panel]]

Revision as of 05:50, 1 April 2013

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

Contents

This section describes the various tasks that can be performed using the graphical System Manager utility. System Manager can be accessed from Control PanelSystem Manager or by typing pc-sysmanager.

Generating a Diagnostic Report

System Manager, shown in Figure 8.7a, is launched by clicking Control PanelSystem Manager. You will be prompted to input the administrative password to allow the System Manager window to open.
Figure 8.7a: General Tab of System Manager Utility
Figure 8.7b: Mirrors Tab of the System Manager Utility

The "General" tab displays the following system information:

  • the version of PC-BSD®
  • the version of the underlying FreeBSD base
  • the CPU type and speed
  • the amount of physical memory

The "Generate" button can be used to create a report that includes the following items:

  • the output of the dmesg command, which shows messages from the kernel
  • the last few lines of the /var/log/messages log file
  • the output of the pciconf -lv command, which lists all the devices that were found when the system booted
  • your X configuration file, which shows your display settings
  • your /etc/rc.conf file, which shows your startup settings
  • your /boot/loader.conf file, which shows which drivers are loaded at boot time
  • the output of the command df -m, which shows your amount of free disk space
  • a listing from the top command, which shows the currently running processes

When you click the "Generate" button, you will be prompted to input the name and location of the text file that will be created. Since it is a text file, you can view its contents in any text editor. When troubleshooting your system, this file is handy to include in your forum[1] post or mailing list[2] message.

Setting an Update Mirror

The "Mirrors" tab of System Manager, seen in Figure 8.7b, allows you to configure which PC-BSD® mirror is used when installing applications or updates using AppCafe® or Update Manager.

By default, PC-BSD® automatically checks its list of mirrors every day to ensure each mirror is operational. If you keep the default selection of "Use auto-detected mirrors",
Figure 8.7c: Available Components in System Manager
it will automatically choose the available mirror that is geographically closest to your location and your mirror will automatically change if you are travelling or if your current mirror goes down.

Alternately, you can override the automatic selection by clicking "Select Mirror from list" and choosing a mirror in the drop-down menu. Occasionally, your selected mirror may become busy or unavailable. If you are unable to install a PBI or an update, try selecting another mirror from the drop-down list or change your selection back to "Use auto-detected mirrors".

If your company maintains its own repository of PBIs or updates, you can select the "Specify a custom Mirror" button and input the IP address of the company's server.

The mirror setting is saved to /usr/local/etc/pcbsd.conf, as seen in this example:

# Default PC-BSD Mirror for System Updates / Meta-Pkgs PCBSD_MIRROR: ftp://mirrors.isc.org/pub/pcbsd

This provides the ability to change the mirror from the command line by editing the URL in that file to point to the desired mirror.

Install/Uninstall Desktops and System Components

During the installation of PC-BSD® you had an opportunity to install desktops and system components. Should you wish to review these components, install missing components, or remove installed components, you can do so in the "System Packages" tab of System Manager, shown in Figure 8.7c.
Figure 8.7d: Tasks Tab of the System Manager Utility

Check the boxes for the components that you wish to install, uncheck the boxes for the components that you wish to remove, then click the "Apply" button to perform the requested operations.

This page contains a brief description of the available components.

Install FreeBSD Source and Ports

During the installation of PC-BSD® you had an opportunity to install FreeBSD source and ports. If you did not and wish to do so after installation, use the "Tasks" tab of System Manager, shown in Figure 8.7d:

This tab provides a graphical interface for installing system source (using svn) or the ports tree (using portsnap).

If you click the "Fetch System Source" button, a progress screen will indicate that sources are being downloaded to /usr/src/. Once the download is complete, a "Finished!" message will appear and you can click the "Close" button to exit this screen.

If you click the “Fetch Ports Tree” button, a message will indicate that ports are being fetched and will indicate when this is complete by adding a “Finished!” message to the lower left corner of the message. Ports will be installed to /usr/ports/.

Set Miscellaneous Options

Figure 8.7e: Misc Tab of the System Manager Utility

The "Misc" tab of System Manager is seen in Figure 8.7e:

The "Boot Screen" section of this tab allows you to configure whether or not the PC-BSD® splash image appears during boot and the language of the splash screen. Uncheck this box if you prefer to watch the boot messages instead of the splash image. Localized versions of the PC-BSD® splash screen are installed in the /usr/local/share/pcbsd/splash-screens/ directory. If you click the "Custom" button, you can browse to the location of a customized splash screen.

NOTE: The splash screen must be an [1][3] 256-color image in the bitmap (.bmp[4]) or ZSoft PCX (.pcx[5]) format. However, this GUI will not accept a bitmap image. Further information can be found at the FreeBSD Bootsplash page[6].

The "Other Options" section of this tab contains a checkbox to "Force IBUS keyboard input". Check this box if you wish to to input Chinese, Japanese, Korean or Indic characters using a Latin keyboard.


References


  1. http://forums.pcbsd.org/
  2. http://lists.pcbsd.org/mailman/listinfo/support
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indexed_color
  4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitmap
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PCX
  6. http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en/books/handbook/boot-blocks.html#boot-splash