PC-BSD® Users Handbook
Written by users of the PC-BSD® operating system.
Copyright © 2005-2014, The PC-BSD® Project.
Welcome to PC-BSD®! This Handbook covers the installation and use of PC-BSD® 10.0. This Handbook is a work in progress and relies on the contributions of many individuals. If you are interested in assisting with the Handbook, visit http://wiki.pcbsd.org and create a login account for yourself. If you use IRC Freenode, you are welcome to join the #pcbsd channel where you will find other PC-BSD® users.
Previous versions of the Handbook in various formats and languages are available from ftp://ftp.pcbsd.org/pub/handbook/. Errata may be found at http://wiki.pcbsd.org/index.php/Errata/en. The PC-BSD® Users Handbook is freely available for sharing and redistribution under the terms of the . This means that you have permission to copy, distribute, translate, and adapt the work as long as you attribute the PC-BSD® Project as the original source of the Handbook.
PC-BSD® and the PC-BSD® logo are registered trademarks of. If you wish to use the PC-BSD® logo in your own works, ask for permission first from marketing at ixsystems dot com.
AMD is a trademark of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
Apache is a trademark of The Apache Software Foundation.
AppCafe® is a registered trademark of iXsystems.
Asus® and Eee PC® are registered trademarks of ASUSTeK® Computer Inc.
Facebook® is a registered trademark of Facebook Inc.
Flash® is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries.
FreeBSD® is a registered trademark of the.
FreeNAS® is a registered trademark of iXsystems.
IBM® is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
Intel, the Intel logo, Pentium Inside, and Pentium are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the U.S. and/or other countries.
Java™ is a trademark of Oracle America and/or its affiliates in the United States and other countries.
Lenovo® is a registered trademark of Lenovo.
LinkedIn® is a registered trademark of LinkedIn Corporation.
Linux® is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.
Mac and Mac OS are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.
MacBook® is a registered trademark of Apple Inc.
MySQL is a trademark of Oracle.
NVIDIA® is a trademark and/or registered trademark of NVIDIA Corporation in the U.S. and other countries.
PostgreSQL® is a registered trademark of the PostgreSQL Global Development Group.
ThinkPad® is a registered trademark of Lenovo.
TrueOS® is a registered trademark of iXsystems.
Twitter is a trademark of Twitter, Inc. in the United States and other countries.
UNIX® is a registered trademark of The Open Group.
VirtualBox® is a registered trademark of Oracle.
VMWare® is a registered trademark of VMWare, Inc.
Warden® is a registered trademark of iXsystems.
Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other countries.
The PC-BSD® 10.0 Handbook uses the following typographic conventions:
bold text: represents a command written at the command line. In usage examples, the font is changed to Courier 10 with any command output displayed in unbolded text.
italic text: used to represent device names or file name paths.
bold italic text: used to emphasize an important point.
The following icons are also used: