Installing PC-BSD is very easy. However, you should review this section to make sure your hardware is supported and you know how to prepare your installation media.
Burning the installation DVD
You have now downloaded PC-BSD and checked if the download has gone OK. It's now time to burn the ISO to a DVD. This section will assist you to burn PC-BSD onto a DVD-R (Writable) or on a DVD-RW (Rewritable). This tutorial assumes you already have:
- A DVD-RAM drive that allows you to burn media and not just read
- A writable medium in your DVD-RAM
- A file with a .iso extension containing PC-BSD
- A Windows or Unix computer to burn your ISO file.
At this point, you will have to choose how you want to burn the downloaded .iso file. If you use a Windows computer, you can choose from ImgBurn, Nero, CDBurnerXP, or InfraRecorder. If you use a Unix computer with KDE (such as PC-BSD), you can use K3B. Alternatively, if you use a Unix machine with Gnome, you can use Gnome Baker.
Burning the DVD on Windows
ImgBurn is one of the easiest image burners available as it simply does what its name suggests: burns images/ISO files.
To burn an ISO, open ImgBurn, select the "Please select a file..." button, seen in Figure X-XX, to locate the downloaded ISO and click the DVD image at the bottom to burn.
Nero is one of the most popular commercial applications on Windows to burn DVDs. Although it is commercial, you usually have a month free to test it. To burn an ISO, launch Nero, click "Recorder → Burn Image", select your .iso file and burn your DVD. Alternatively, you can click "File → Open", as seen in Figure X-XX:
In the Windows dialog box, select the penultimate option labeled "Image Files" to display the .iso files, as seen in Figure X-XX:
Browse to the directory where you stored your .iso file of PC-BSD; you should see your file listed. Select it and click "OK". On the next screen, click the "Burn" button, seen in Figure X-XX, and Nero will start burning your disk:
After a few minutes, Nero will alert you that the burning process is complete and will eject the DVD for you.
CDBurnerXP is another freeware application for Windows. It has a modern interface and looks similar to its commercial counterparts. Using CDBurnerXP is also very easy. Launch the application and a dialog window will appear and ask you whether you want to continue burning files on a writable disk that already has files (multi session), or whether your DVD doesn't have any content yet (No multi session). Click the second option "Don't Continue Disc (No Multi Session)", as seen in Figure X-XX.
Afterwards, CDBurnerXP's main interface will show up. In the upper-left corner, click "File → Write Disc from ISO File...", as seen in Figure X-XX:
A dialog window then appears for you to select your .iso file. Under "Select an ISO image to write", click the "..." button, seen in Figure X-XX, to select your file:
The file will be listed in the main window. The only thing you have to do is "Write Disc", and CDBurnerXP will start burning your .iso file onto your DVD, as seen in Figure X-XX:
InfraRecorder is another free, open source burn application that is simple, powerful, and burns both CDs and DVDs. It uses source code from cdburnerxp, and can be portable using InfraRecorder Portable.
To burn the ISO, open InfraRecorder and click on "Write Image". Search for the location of the PC-BSD image with the extension .iso at the end, and double click it. Lastly, click "OK", and watch it burn.
When it is finished, the tray with the DVD will open and a dialog box will appear indicating that the burn is finished.
Burning the DVD on a Unix system
Using K3B on Unix-like installations using KDE
Any Unix-based operating with the KDE Windows manager, such as PC-BSD, FreeBSD or Linux distributions using KDE, are suited to K3B, one of the best burning applications for Unix. K3B has a similar interface to other modern burning software found on Windows, such as Nero or CDBurnerXP, and is equally easy to use.
To burn your ISO, launch K3B and click "Tools → Burn Image...", as seen in Figure X-XX:
A new window, seen in Figure X-XX, will launch so that you can choose your .iso file. Under "Image to burn", click the blue folder icon to select your file:
Once your file is listed, click the "Start" button in the top-right corner, and K3B will burn the .iso file onto your DVD.
Using Brasero on GNOME
Brasero is an easy to use CD-ROM/DVD burner included with the GNOME desktop. To launch Brasero... and click ...", as seen in Figure X-XX:
A dialog window will be displayed and you will be able to select your .iso file. Select it and click "OK". The next window, seen in Figure X-XX, allows you to select your CD-ROM drive, as well as a few other options. Leave these options as default. Click "Start" and Brasero will begin to burn your DVD:
Using growisofs / dvd+rw-tools under FreeBSD
If you are familiar with the Unix command line, you can install the sysutils/dvd+rw-tools port and use that to burn the DVD. Once the port or package is installed (see the FreeBSD handbook if you are unfamiliar with the process) you follow the following steps:
# Place the blank DVD into the drive (I'll assume it is /dev/cd0) # Issue the command: growisofs -Z /dev/cd0=PCBSD8.1-x86-DVD.iso # Eject the DVD once growisofs is complete
You may need to have the ATAPI_CAM kernel option in your kernel to successfully do this if you are burning to a DVD drive that's connected via the ATAPI interface.
Burning a ISO image on a Mac OSX system
Launch 'Disk Utility', seen in Figure X-XX, located under 'Applications' → 'Utilities':
As seen in Figure X-XX, click on 'File' → 'Open Disk Image...' then browse to the location of the ISO image. Select the ISO image and click 'Open'.
As seen in Figure X-XX, the ISO will now be displayed in the right hand side pane. Select the ISO image and click the 'Burn' icon.
Insert the appropriate media, check the 'Verify burned data' if applicable (seen in Figure X-XX), and click 'Burn'.
Writing the ISO to Flash media
To write the USB IMG file to a Flash Card or USB pen drive you can do this with the Unix/Linux command dd:
dd if=<path_to/img_file.img> of=/dev/da0 bs=1m
Just substitute da0 with the device name of your USB stick.
NOTE: The USB images are FreeBSD-UFS formatted, and will not show up as a viewable file-system under Windows.
ADD SECTION ON how-to to flash a USB pen drive with the installer image. On Unix system this can be done with dd(1) and on Windows there's a nice tool with gui written by the M0n0wall crew: http://m0n0.ch/wall/physdiskwrite.php