Difference between revisions of "Pre-Installation Tasks/9.2"

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Installing PC-BSD is very easy. However, you should review this section to make sure your hardware is supported and you know how to prepare your installation media.
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<noinclude><translate>
  
=== Burning the installation DVD ===
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{{UseTOC{{putVers}}|Nav}}</noinclude>
  
You have now downloaded PC-BSD and checked if the download has gone OK. It's now time to burn the ISO to a DVD. This section will assist you to burn PC-BSD onto a DVD-R (Writable) or on a DVD-RW (Rewritable). This tutorial assumes you already have:
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While the PC-BSD® installer is very easy to use, installing a brand new operating system can sometimes be a daunting task.
  
* A DVD-RAM drive that allows you to burn media and not just read
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* A writable medium in your DVD-RAM
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Before you begin, there are a few things you should check to ensure that your system is ready to install PC-BSD®.
* A file with a .iso extension containing PC-BSD
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* A Windows or Unix computer to burn your ISO file.
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At this point, you will have to choose how you want to burn the downloaded .iso file. If you use a Windows computer, you can choose from [[#ImgBurn | ImgBurn]], [[#Nero | Nero]], [[#CDBurnerXP | CDBurnerXP]], or [[#InfraRecorder | InfraRecorder]]. If you use a Unix computer with KDE (such as PC-BSD), you can use [[#Using K3B on Unix-like installations with KDE X-Windows | K3B]]. Alternatively, if you use a Unix machine with Gnome, you can use [[#Using Gnome Baker on Unix-like installations with Gnome X-Windows | Gnome Baker]].
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* '''Are you dual-booting or installing over the entire drive?''' If you are dual-booting you will need to ensure that you have a primary partition available. Refer to the section on {{local|link=Dual Booting}}.
  
==== Burning the DVD on Windows ====
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* '''Have you backed up your important data?''' Any irreplaceable data, such as emails, bookmarks, or important files and documents should ''' ''always'' ''' be backed up to an external media, such as a removable drive or another system, ''' ''before'' ''' installing or upgrading any operating system.
  
===== '''ImgBurn''' =====
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If you wish to determine if your hardware is detected by PC-BSD®, start an installation and click the {{local|link=Hardware Compatibility}} button in the {{local|link=Language_Selection_Screen|first screen of the installer}}.
  
[http://www.imgburn.com/ ImgBurn] is one of the easiest image burners available as it simply does what its name suggests: burns images/ISO files.
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If you would like to use a portable version of PC-BSD® instead of performing an installation, use {{local|link=PC-BSD® Live Mode}}.  
  
To burn an ISO, open ImgBurn, select the "Please select a file..." button, seen in Figure X-XX, to locate the downloaded ISO and click the DVD image at the bottom to burn.
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Should you run into an issue with your installation there are many different {{local|link=Finding Help|ways to get help}}.
  
'''Figure X-XX:'''
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This section discusses the following topics:
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* {{local|link=Hardware Requirements}}
  
[[Image:Imgburn.png]]
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* {{local|link=Laptops}}
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* {{local|link=Partitioning the Hard Drive}}
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* {{local|link=Obtaining PC-BSD®}}
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* {{local|link=Burning the Installation Media}}
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* {{local|link=PC-BSD® Live Mode}}
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* {{local|link=Using VirtualBox}}
  
===== '''Nero''' =====
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<noinclude>
[http://www.nero.com/ Nero] is one of the most popular commercial applications on Windows to burn DVDs. Although it is commercial, you usually have a month free to test it. To burn an ISO, launch Nero, click "Recorder → Burn Image", select your .iso file and burn your DVD. Alternatively, you can click "File → Open", as seen in Figure X-XX:
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[[category:Pre-Installation Tasks]]
 
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[[category:handbook]]
'''Figure X-XX:'''
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</translate>
 
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<languages />
[[Image:Nero1_thumb.png]]
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</noinclude>
 
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In the Windows dialog box, select the penultimate option labeled "Image Files" to display the .iso files, as seen in Figure X-XX:
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:Nero2.png]]
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Browse to the directory where you stored your .iso file of PC-BSD; you should see your file listed. Select it and click "OK". On the next screen, click the "Burn" button, seen in Figure X-XX, and Nero will start burning your disk:
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:Nero3_thumb.png]]
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After a few minutes, Nero will alert you that the burning process is complete and will eject the DVD for you.
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===== '''CDBurnerXP''' =====
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[http://cdburnerxp.se/ CDBurnerXP] is another freeware application for Windows. It has a modern interface and looks similar to its commercial counterparts. Using CDBurnerXP is also very easy. Launch the application and a dialog window will appear and ask you whether you want to continue burning files on a writable disk that already has files (multi session), or whether your DVD doesn't have any content yet (No multi session). Click the second option "Don't Continue Disc (No Multi Session)", as seen in Figure X-XX.
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:Cdburnerxp1.png]]
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Afterwards, CDBurnerXP's main interface will show up. In the upper-left corner, click "File → Write Disc from ISO File...", as seen in Figure X-XX:
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:Cdburnerxp2_thumb.png‎]]
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A dialog window then appears for you to select your .iso file. Under "Select an ISO image to write", click the "..." button, seen in Figure X-XX, to select your file:
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:Cdburnerxp3_thumb.png]]
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The file will be listed in the main window. The only thing you have to do is "Write Disc", and CDBurnerXP will start burning your .iso file onto your DVD, as seen in Figure X-XX:
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:Cdburnerxp4_thumb.png]]
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===== '''InfraRecorder''' =====
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[[File:Pic1.png|caption]]
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[http://infrarecorder.org/ InfraRecorder] is another free, open source burn application that is simple, powerful, and burns both CDs and DVDs. It uses source code from cdburnerxp, and can be portable using [http://portableapps.com/apps/utilities/infrarecorder_portable InfraRecorder Portable].
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To burn the ISO, open InfraRecorder and click on "Write Image". Search for the location of the PC-BSD image with the extension .iso at the end, and double click it. Lastly, click "OK", and watch it burn.
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When it is finished, the tray with the DVD will open and a dialog box will appear indicating that the burn is finished.
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==== Burning the DVD on a Unix system ====
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===== Using K3B on Unix-like installations using KDE  =====
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Any Unix-based operating with the KDE Windows manager, such as PC-BSD, FreeBSD or Linux distributions using KDE, are suited to [http://k3b.plainblack.com/ K3B], one of the best burning applications for Unix. K3B has a similar interface to other modern burning software found on Windows, such as [[#Nero | Nero]] or [[#CDBurnerXP | CDBurnerXP]], and is equally easy to use.
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To burn your ISO, launch K3B and click "Tools → Burn Image...", as seen in Figure X-XX:
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:K3b1a.png]]
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A new window, seen in Figure X-XX, will launch so that you can choose your .iso file. Under "Image to burn", click the blue folder icon to select your file:
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:K3b2.png]]
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Once your file is listed, click the "Start" button in the top-right corner, and K3B will burn the .iso file onto your DVD.
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===== Using Brasero on GNOME  =====
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[http://gnomebaker.sourceforge.net/ Brasero] is an easy to use CD-ROM/DVD burner included with the GNOME desktop. To launch Brasero... and click ...", as seen in Figure X-XX:
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:Brasero.png]]
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A dialog window will be displayed and you will be able to select your .iso file. Select it and click "OK". The next window, seen in Figure X-XX, allows you to select your CD-ROM drive, as well as a few other options. Leave these options as default. Click "Start" and Brasero will begin to burn your DVD:
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:Brasero1.png]]
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===== Using growisofs / dvd+rw-tools under FreeBSD =====
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If you are familiar with the Unix command line, you can install the sysutils/dvd+rw-tools port and use that to burn the DVD.  Once the port or package is installed (see the FreeBSD handbook if you are unfamiliar with the process) you follow the following steps:
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# Place the blank DVD into the drive (I'll assume it is /dev/cd0)
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# Issue the command: growisofs -Z /dev/cd0=PCBSD8.1-x86-DVD.iso
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# Eject the DVD once growisofs is complete
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You may need to have the ATAPI_CAM kernel option in your kernel to successfully do this if you are burning to a DVD drive that's connected via the ATAPI interface.
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==== Burning a ISO image on a Mac OSX system ====
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Launch 'Disk Utility', seen in Figure X-XX, located under 'Applications' → 'Utilities':
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:Mac-Step1_thumb.jpg]]
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As seen in Figure X-XX, click on 'File' → 'Open Disk Image...' then browse to the location of the ISO image. Select the ISO image and click 'Open'.
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:Mac-Step2_thumb.jpg]]
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As seen in Figure X-XX, the ISO will now be displayed in the right hand side pane. Select the ISO image and click the 'Burn' icon.
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:Mac-Step3_thumb.jpg]]
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Insert the appropriate media, check the 'Verify burned data' if applicable (seen in Figure X-XX), and click 'Burn'.
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'''Figure X-XX:'''
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[[Image:Mac-Step4_thumb.jpg]]
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=== Writing the ISO to Flash media ===
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To write the USB IMG file to a Flash Card or USB pen drive you can do this with the Unix/Linux command '''dd''':
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'''dd if=<path_to/img_file.img> of=/dev/da0 bs=1m'''
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Just substitute da0 with the device name of your USB stick.
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NOTE: The USB images are FreeBSD-UFS formatted, and will not show up as a viewable file-system under Windows.
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ADD SECTION ON how-to to flash a USB pen drive with the installer image. On Unix system this can be done with dd(1) and on Windows there's a 
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nice tool with gui written by the M0n0wall crew: http://m0n0.ch/wall/physdiskwrite.php
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Latest revision as of 19:21, 15 December 2013



While the PC-BSD® installer is very easy to use, installing a brand new operating system can sometimes be a daunting task.

Before you begin, there are a few things you should check to ensure that your system is ready to install PC-BSD®.

  • Are you dual-booting or installing over the entire drive? If you are dual-booting you will need to ensure that you have a primary partition available. Refer to the section on Dual Booting.
  • Have you backed up your important data? Any irreplaceable data, such as emails, bookmarks, or important files and documents should always be backed up to an external media, such as a removable drive or another system, before installing or upgrading any operating system.

If you wish to determine if your hardware is detected by PC-BSD®, start an installation and click the Hardware Compatibility button in the first screen of the installer.

If you would like to use a portable version of PC-BSD® instead of performing an installation, use PC-BSD® Live Mode.

Should you run into an issue with your installation there are many different ways to get help.

This section discusses the following topics:

Other languages:German 100% • ‎English 100% • ‎French 17%
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