Difference between revisions of "Pkgng and pc-metapkgmanager/9.2/en"

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THIS PAGE NEEDS UPDATING
 
 
{{NavHeader|back=PBI Manager|forward=pc-updatemanager}}</noinclude>
 
{{NavHeader|back=PBI Manager|forward=pc-updatemanager}}</noinclude>
  
Beginning in February, 2013, PC-BSD® switched from the traditional FreeBSD ports system to [http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/pkgng-intro.html pkgng], the next generation package management system for FreeBSD.
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Beginning in February, 2013, PC-BSD® switched from the traditional FreeBSD ports system to [http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/pkgng-intro.html pkgng], the next generation package management system for FreeBSD.
 
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{{note|icon64= Users of PC-BSD® 9.1-RELEASE will not be affected by this change unless they upgrade or install a [[Using a Rolling Release| rolling release]].}}
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All of the PC-BSD® utilities that deal with installing or updating software now use the pkgng system. This allows users to safely install non-PBI software from the command line without that software being deleted by a system upgrade.
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Since FreeBSD does not have an official pkgng repository yet, the PC-BSD® project provides its own repository containing all of the packages that can be built using pkgng.
 
Since FreeBSD does not have an official pkgng repository yet, the PC-BSD® project provides its own repository containing all of the packages that can be built using pkgng.
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PC-BSD® provides a custom command, '''pc-pkg''', which is a small wrapper to '''pkg'''. When '''pc-pkg''' is used with the '''install''' or '''upgrade''' flags, it  will automatically connect to the PC-BSD® pkgng repository using the integrated [http://aria2.sourceforge.net/ aria2] downloader utility, which can significantly reduce download speeds over a slow link.
 
PC-BSD® provides a custom command, '''pc-pkg''', which is a small wrapper to '''pkg'''. When '''pc-pkg''' is used with the '''install''' or '''upgrade''' flags, it  will automatically connect to the PC-BSD® pkgng repository using the integrated [http://aria2.sourceforge.net/ aria2] downloader utility, which can significantly reduce download speeds over a slow link.
  
If you are used to using the traditional FreeBSD package system, you will notice that the commands used to install and manage software differ slightly. For example, instead of using '''pkg_add''' to install a package from a remote repository, use '''pkg install''' or '''pc-pkg install''' (notice there is now a space instead of an underscore). Type '''man pkg''' to see a list of the available commands. Once you know the name of a command, you can use the built-in help system to get more information about that command. For example, to learn more about '''pkg install''', type '''pkg help install'''.
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If you are used to using the traditional FreeBSD package system, you will notice that the commands used to install and manage software differ slightly. For example, instead of using '''pkg_add''' to install a package from a remote repository, use '''pkg install''' or '''pc-pkg install''' (notice there is now a space instead of an underscore). Type '''man pkg''' to see a list of the available commands. Once you know the name of a command, you can use the built-in help system to get more information about that command. For example, to learn more about '''pkg install''', type '''pkg help install'''. 
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The [http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/pkgng-intro.html FreeBSD Handbook] provides an introduction to using pkgng. Section 5.5.1 is not needed on a PC-BSD® or TrueOS® system as the operating system installation does this for you. The various pkgng commands have associated man pages. Type '''man pkg''' for an overview of general usage; the names of the associated man pages will be found towards the bottom of this man page. Once you know the name of a command, you can also use the built-in help system to get more information about that command. For example, to learn more about '''pkg install''', type '''pkg help install'''.
  
 
===pc-metapkgmanager===
 
===pc-metapkgmanager===
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'''pc-metapkgmanager''' is the back-end command line utility used by the PC-BSD® installer, Update Manager, and Warden® to manage meta-packages. Meta-packages are like system components, and include supported and unsupported desktops, development utilities, hardware drivers, and miscellaneous applications such as MythTV or XBMC.
 
'''pc-metapkgmanager''' is the back-end command line utility used by the PC-BSD® installer, Update Manager, and Warden® to manage meta-packages. Meta-packages are like system components, and include supported and unsupported desktops, development utilities, hardware drivers, and miscellaneous applications such as MythTV or XBMC.
  
Beginning with version 9.1, PC-BSD® uses metapkgsets to determine which system components are available and which applications are installed with each system component. Currently, two metapkgsets are available: ''pcbsd'' which defines the available desktop components, and ''warden'' which defines the components available when creating a jail with Warden® or installing a PC-BSD® server. You can view the contents of these metapkgsets on {{citelink|url=http://trac.pcbsd.org/browser/pcbsd/current#build-files/metapkgsets|txt=trac}}.
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Beginning with version 9.1, PC-BSD® uses metapkgsets to determine which system components are available and which applications are installed with each system component. Currently, two metapkgsets are available: ''pcbsd'' which defines the available desktop components, and ''warden'' which defines the components available when creating a jail with Warden® or installing a PC-BSD® server. You can view the contents of these metapkgsets on {{citelink|url=http://trac.pcbsd.org/browser/pcbsd/current#build-files/metapkgsets|txt=trac}}.  
  
 
The '''pc-metapkgmanager''' command can be used at the command line to install or delete meta-packages, update to the latest package set, or to change the default metapkgset. If you type the command without any options, it will display its usage:
 
The '''pc-metapkgmanager''' command can be used at the command line to install or delete meta-packages, update to the latest package set, or to change the default metapkgset. If you type the command without any options, it will display its usage:
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&nbsp;--pkgset <pkgset> -- Change default pkgset we are using
 
&nbsp;--pkgset <pkgset> -- Change default pkgset we are using
 
&nbsp;--chroot <dir> -- Operate on the directory specified using chroot}}
 
&nbsp;--chroot <dir> -- Operate on the directory specified using chroot}}
 
=== Finding, Installing, and Uninstalling Meta-Packages ===
 
  
 
To determine which meta-packages are available:
 
To determine which meta-packages are available:
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Icon: /var/db/pc-metapkgmanager/pkgsets/pcbsd/Development/pkg-icon.png
 
Icon: /var/db/pc-metapkgmanager/pkgsets/pcbsd/Development/pkg-icon.png
 
Desktop: NO
 
Desktop: NO
--More--(byte 989)}}
 
 
To view which meta-packages are available in an alternate metapkgset, specify the metapkgset name. For example, to view the available ''warden'' meta-packages from your desktop, use this command:
 
 
{{txtbox|box='''pc-metapkgmanager --pkgset warden list {{pipe}} more'''
 
Meta Package: Apache
 
<nowiki>-</nowiki>------------------------------------
 
Description: The Apache Web Server
 
Icon: /var/db/pc-metapkgmanager/pkgsets/warden/Apache/pkg-icon.png
 
Parent: Web-Servers
 
Desktop: NO
 
Required Packages:
 
apache-2.2.22_6
 
Meta Package: BigBlueButton
 
<nowiki>-</nowiki>------------------------------------
 
Description: BigBlueButton enables universities and colleges to deliver
 
a high-quality learning experience to remote students.
 
Icon: /var/db/pc-metapkgmanager/pkgsets/warden/BigBlueButton/pkg-icon.png
 
Parent: Web-Apps
 
Desktop: NO
 
Required Packages:
 
mysql-server-5.5.27
 
bigbluebutton-0.71_3
 
Meta Package: Database-Servers
 
<nowiki>-</nowiki>------------------------------------
 
Description: Database Server Software
 
Icon: /var/db/pc-metapkgmanager/pkgsets/warden/Database-Servers/pkg-icon.png
 
Desktop: NO
 
Category Entry
 
Meta Package: Development
 
<nowiki>-</nowiki>------------------------------------
 
Description: Development tools and utilities
 
Icon: /var/db/pc-metapkgmanager/pkgsets/warden/Development/pkg-icon.png
 
 
--More--(byte 989)}}
 
--More--(byte 989)}}
  
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The meta-pkg Awesome is not installed
 
The meta-pkg Awesome is not installed
 
Meta-Package changes finished!}}
 
Meta-Package changes finished!}}
 
=== Upgrading Meta-Packages ===
 
 
'''pc-metapkgmanager''' can also be used to determine if any meta-packages are out of date and to update meta-packages. To determine if any meta-packages have newer versions:
 
 
{{txtbox|box='''pc-metapkgmanager checkup'''
 
All packages are up to date!}}
 
 
In this example, all meta-packages are at their latest versions. If any were out of date, you would instead receive the message "The following package updates are available:" followed by the names of the out-of-date meta-packages.
 
 
To update a meta-package, use the '''pc-metapkgmanager update''' command followed by the name of the specific meta-package or the word '''all''' to update all out-of-date meta-packages.
 
 
'''pc-metapkgmanager''' records any error messages to ''/tmp/.pc-metamanager.log''. This log file automatically rotates whenever it reaches 5MB in size.
 
  
 
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Revision as of 09:16, 29 August 2013

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

Contents

Beginning in February, 2013, PC-BSD® switched from the traditional FreeBSD ports system to pkgng, the next generation package management system for FreeBSD.

Since FreeBSD does not have an official pkgng repository yet, the PC-BSD® project provides its own repository containing all of the packages that can be built using pkgng.

PC-BSD® provides a custom command, pc-pkg, which is a small wrapper to pkg. When pc-pkg is used with the install or upgrade flags, it will automatically connect to the PC-BSD® pkgng repository using the integrated aria2 downloader utility, which can significantly reduce download speeds over a slow link.

If you are used to using the traditional FreeBSD package system, you will notice that the commands used to install and manage software differ slightly. For example, instead of using pkg_add to install a package from a remote repository, use pkg install or pc-pkg install (notice there is now a space instead of an underscore). Type man pkg to see a list of the available commands. Once you know the name of a command, you can use the built-in help system to get more information about that command. For example, to learn more about pkg install, type pkg help install.

The FreeBSD Handbook provides an introduction to using pkgng. Section 5.5.1 is not needed on a PC-BSD® or TrueOS® system as the operating system installation does this for you. The various pkgng commands have associated man pages. Type man pkg for an overview of general usage; the names of the associated man pages will be found towards the bottom of this man page. Once you know the name of a command, you can also use the built-in help system to get more information about that command. For example, to learn more about pkg install, type pkg help install.

pc-metapkgmanager

pc-metapkgmanager is the back-end command line utility used by the PC-BSD® installer, Update Manager, and Warden® to manage meta-packages. Meta-packages are like system components, and include supported and unsupported desktops, development utilities, hardware drivers, and miscellaneous applications such as MythTV or XBMC.

Beginning with version 9.1, PC-BSD® uses metapkgsets to determine which system components are available and which applications are installed with each system component. Currently, two metapkgsets are available: pcbsd which defines the available desktop components, and warden which defines the components available when creating a jail with Warden® or installing a PC-BSD® server. You can view the contents of these metapkgsets on trac[1].

The pc-metapkgmanager command can be used at the command line to install or delete meta-packages, update to the latest package set, or to change the default metapkgset. If you type the command without any options, it will display its usage:

pc-metapkgmanager

usage: pc-metapkgmanager [options] Options:  add pkg1,pkg2 <loc> -- Add the specified list of meta-packages   <loc> should be a FTP / HTTP url where pkg_add   can fetch packages, or an absolute path to   location of pkg files on disk.  checkup -- Check for updates to pkgs  del pkg1,pkg2 -- Delete the specified list of meta-packages  list -- List the available meta-packages  status <pkg> -- List the status of the specified meta-packages  update pkg,pkg2 <loc> -- Update system packages. Can use 'all' or <pkg,pkg2>.   <loc> should be a FTP / HTTP url where pkg_add   can fetch packages, or an absolute path to   location of pkg files on disk.  --pkgset <pkgset> -- Change default pkgset we are using

 --chroot <dir> -- Operate on the directory specified using chroot

To determine which meta-packages are available:

pc-metapkgmanager list | more

Meta Package: Awesome ------------------------------------- Description: A highly configurable, next generation framework window manager Icon: /var/db/pc-metapkgmanager/pkgsets/pcbsd/Awesome/pkg-icon.png Parent: Unsupported-Desktops Desktop: YES Required Packages: awesome-3.4.13 Meta Package: Compiz ------------------------------------- Description: Compiz - OpenGL compositing manager Icon: /var/db/pc-metapkgmanager/pkgsets/pcbsd/Compiz/pkg-icon.png Parent: Misc Desktop: NO Required Packages: compiz-fusion-0.8.4_2 Meta Package: Desktops ------------------------------------- Description: Supported Desktop Environments for your PC-BSD system. Icon: /var/db/pc-metapkgmanager/pkgsets/pcbsd/Desktops/pkg-icon.png Desktop: NO Category Entry Meta Package: Development ------------------------------------- Description: Development tools and utilities for your Desktop Icon: /var/db/pc-metapkgmanager/pkgsets/pcbsd/Development/pkg-icon.png Desktop: NO

--More--(byte 989)

To permanently change the default metapkgset between pcbsd and warden, modify the PCBSD_METAPKGSET variable in /usr/local/etc/pcbsd.conf.

To determine if a meta-package is installed, specify its "Meta Package" name as shown in the output of the pc-metapkgmanager list command. For example, to see if the Awesome desktop is installed:

pc-metapkgmanager status Awesome The meta-pkg Awesome is not installed

To install the meta-package, use the add option and specify the meta-package name. Only the superuser can install meta-packages.

The following example installs the Awesome meta-package. pc-metapkgmanager will provide messages regarding the status of the installation:

pc-metapkgmanager add Awesome

Pending Meta-Package changes: 1 Package source: NET Preparing to add: Awesome... Checking for updates to old packages... Installing Meta-Package: Awesome Getting package list... Pending package changes: 6 Downloading package: awesome-3.4.13 //usr/local/tmp/awesome-3.4.13.txz 100% of 704 kB 637 kBps Downloading package: libev-4.11,1 //usr/local/tmp/libev-4.11,1.txz 100% of 117 kB 361 kBps Downloading package: libxdg-basedir-1.1.1 //usr/local/tmp/libxdg-basedir-1.1.1.txz 100% of 11 kB 130 kBps Downloading package: xcb-util-image-0.3.8 //usr/local/tmp/xcb-util-image-0.3.8.txz 100% of 18 kB 141 kBps Downloading package: xcb-util-keysyms-0.3.8 //usr/local/tmp/xcb-util-keysyms-0.3.8.txz 100% of 8040 B 72 kBps Downloading package: xcb-util-wm-0.3.8 //usr/local/tmp/xcb-util-wm-0.3.8.txz 100% of 35 kB 148 kBps Installing package: awesome-3.4.13 Skipping installed package: libev-4.11,1 Skipping installed package: libxdg-basedir-1.1.1 Skipping installed package: xcb-util-image-0.3.8 Skipping installed package: xcb-util-keysyms-0.3.8 Skipping installed package: xcb-util-wm-0.3.8 The meta-pkg Awesome is installed Finished Meta-Package: Awesome

Meta-Package changes finished!

To delete an installed meta-package, specify its name. Only the superuser can uninstall meta-packages. As seen in the following example, pc-metapkgmanager automatically determines which dependent packages are still needed by other applications and which can be safely removed.

pc-metapkgmanager del Awesome

Pending Meta-Package changes: 1 Removing Meta-Package: Awesome Getting package list... Pending package changes: 66 Removing: awesome-3.4.13 Skipping Meta-Required: giflib-4.2.0_2 Removing: libev-4.11,1 Removing: libxdg-basedir-1.1.1 Removing: xcb-util-image-0.3.8 Removing: xcb-util-keysyms-0.3.8 Removing: xcb-util-wm-0.3.8 Skipping Required: bitstream-vera-1.10_5 Skipping Required: cairo-1.10.2_4,2 <snip output of other required packages> The meta-pkg Awesome is not installed

Meta-Package changes finished!
Other languages:German 19% • ‎English 100% • ‎French 10%

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