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<noinclude>
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{{NavHeader|back=pkgng and pc-metapkgmanager |forward=Control Panel|custompagename=pc-updatemanager|custompagecategory={{PAGENAME}}}}</noinclude>
  
<noinclude>{{NavHeader|back=Multiple Boot Environments|forward=Creating an Automated Installation with pc-sysinstall|custompagename=Upgrading PC-BSD{{r}}|custompagecategory={{PAGENAME}}}}</noinclude>
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'''pc-updatemanager''' is the command line equivalent to [[Update Manager]]. It can be used to apply system updates and to perform an operating system upgrade. It can also be used to update packages, providing a command line equivalent to the "Package Updates" tab of [[Package_Manager#Update_Installed_Packages|Package Manager]].
  
PC-BSD® makes it easy to upgrade from an earlier version of 9.x (including beta and RC versions) to the latest version of PC-BSD®. When the upgrade is finished, simply reboot to access the new version of your PC-BSD® operating system. The upgrade can be performed using [[Update Manager | the graphical Update Manager]] or from the command line.
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If you type '''pc-updatemanager''', it will show its available options:
  
Before attempting an upgrade, be aware of the following caveats:
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{{txtbox|box='''pc-updatemanager'''
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/usr/local/bin/pc-updatemanager - Usage
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<nowiki>----</nowiki>
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{{nbsp}} branches              - List available system branches{{nbsp|24}}
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{{nbsp}} chbranch <tag>        - Change to new system branch
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{{nbsp}} check                - Check for system updates
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{{nbsp}} install <tag>,<tag2>  - Install system updates
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{{nbsp}} pkgcheck              - Check for updates to packages
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{{nbsp}} pkgupdate            - Install packages updates}}
  
* it is not recommended to update between major branches: for example, from a 7.x or 8.x version to a 9.x version of PC-BSD®. Instead, backup your data and do a fresh install of the new version.
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===Upgrading Packages===
  
* it is not possible to upgrade from FreeBSD to PC-BSD®.
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To determine if newer versions of packages are available, type the following command as the superuser.
  
* the temporary files used by the upgrade process require 2GB of free space in ''/usr/''. If you receive an error message indicating that you do not have enough free space to perform the upgrade, you will need to delete some files or move them elsewhere in order to create enough free space.
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'''pc-updatemanager pkgcheck'''
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Updating repository catalogue
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Upgrades have been requested for the following 253 packages:
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list of packages snipped
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The upgrade will require 70 MB more space
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439 MB to be downloaded
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To start the upgrade run "/usr/local/bin/pc-updatemanager pkgupdate"
  
* '' '''before performing any upgrade, always back up your important data to an external backup device,''' '' such as a removable USB drive, or to another system using a utility such as [[Life Preserver]]. While it is unlikely that something will go wrong, you will be glad that you made that backup just in case.
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In this example, newer versions are available for 253 packages. The list of package names was snipped from the sample output. If no updates were available, the output would have instead said "All packages are up to date!".
  
* ''' ''when you do an upgrade, programs installed via FreeBSD ports or packages will be removed.'' ''' If you want to preserve these across system updates, you should install these within a ports jail using [[Warden®]]. Better yet, [[Submit PBI Requests | request]] that your favorite port/package is made into a PBI as PBIs are preserved during an upgrade.
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If updates are available, you can install them with this command:
  
* an upgrade will preserve the data in the home directories, any installed PBIs, and user accounts. It also preserves common configuration files--you can view the list of files which are excluded from the upgrade in {{citelink|url=http://trac.pcbsd.org/browser/pcbsd/branches/9.1/build-files/conf/upgrade-excludes|txt=upgrade-excludes}}. The upgrade process will also merge any customizations you have made into the new versions of the following files: ''boot/loader.conf'', ''/etc/rc.conf'', and ''/etc/sysctl.conf.''
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'''pc-updatemanager pkgupdate'''
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Updating repository catalogue
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snip downloading and reinstalling output
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[253/253] Upgrading pcbsd-base from 1374071964 to 1378408836... done
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Extracting desktop overlay data...DONE
  
=== Using Update Manager ===
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While the output has been snipped from this example, the update process will download the latest versions of the packages which need updating, displaying the download progress for each file. Once the downloads are complete, it will display the reinstallation process for each file. The last step of the update process is to extract the desktop (or server) overlay and then to return the prompt.
  
To start [[Update Manager]], make sure that your Internet connection is active and go to ''[[Control Panel]]'' ➜ ''[[Update Manager]]'' or type '''pc-su pc-updategui''' from a terminal. After inputting the administrative password, Update Manager will look for updates and inform you if a newer version of the operating system is available. In the example shown in Figure 5.4a, the current operating system is 9.0 and Update Manager is indicating that the upgrade to 9.1 is available.
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How long the package upgrade takes depends upon the number of packages and the speed of the Internet connection. If you run this command on a desktop, you should log out and log in again so that you load the latest version of the desktop and its applications. If you run this command on a server while running the tcsh shell, type '''rehash''' in order to tell the shell that new applications have been installed.
  
[[File:Upgrade1a.png|thumb|393px|'''Figure 5.4a: Using Update Manager to Upgrade the Operating System''']]
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===Applying System Updates===
  
{{note|width=46%|icon64=if you know that a new release is available and it is not showing in Update Manager, make sure that any updates that do show are applied first. That way, the system will be fully patched and ready for the system upgrade.}}
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To determine if any system updates are available, type the following command as the superuser:
  
To perform the upgrade, check the box for the "System Upgrade" entry and click the "Install selected updates" button. A progress bar will indicate:
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'''pc-updatemanager check'''
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The following updates are available:
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<nowiki>------------------------------------</nowiki>
  
* the download status of the ''PCBSD.tbz'' upgrade file
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Follow the instructions to install the update:
  
* the download status of the software packages that are installed with the operating system and which have newer available versions
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===Upgrading the Operating System===
  
How long these downloads take depends upon the speed of your network connection: for example, it can take an hour or so over a DSL connection. You can continue to use your PC-BSD® system while Update Manager downloads the files it needs to ''/usr/local/tmp/''.
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'''NOTE:''' ''' ''before performing an operating system upgrade, read the caveats listed [[Update_Manager#Upgrading_the_Operating_System|here]]. Be sure to backup your important data to another system or external device before starting the upgrade.'' '''  
  
Once the downloads are finished, a pop-up message will indicate that the system is now ready to reboot in order to finish the upgrade. PC-BSD® will not automatically reboot the system, giving you the opportunity to close any applications that you have open before you reboot the system yourself.
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{{txtbox|box='''pc-updatemanager install release-9.1'''{{nbsp|44}}
{{warning|width=46%|align=right|icon64=it is very important that once you reboot, you do not interrupt the upgrade process. This process may take up to 30 minutes, so plan your reboot for a time when you do not need immediate access to your system.}}
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After rebooting, a series of console messages will appear similar to these (depending upon your choices as described):
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{{txtbox|box=<nowiki>##############################################################</nowiki>
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A system update to PC-BSD is ready to be installed.
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This may take 30 minutes or more.
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If you wish to postpone the update, type 'skip' and press enter.
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You will be prompted again during the next system boot.
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The update will begin automatically in 20 seconds.
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>
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|txt=
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Since this portion of the updating process can make your system unavailable for as long as half an hour, this message allows you to skip completing the update for now if you need to reboot into the system.}}
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{{txtbox|box={{pound}} PC-BSD System Upgrade
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{{pound}} Updating to 9.1
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{{pound}} Please do NOT reboot the system until the update is finished
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<nowiki>##############################################################</nowiki>{{nbsp|2}}
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Cleaning old system pkgs.....
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Extracting updated world environment...DONE!
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Extracting kernel and boot environment...DONE
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Cleaning up old files...DONE
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Rebooting for stage 2 of upgrade...Shutdown NOW!
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|txt=
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If you are ready to leave the system alone while it completes the update, do not do anything and the update will begin in 20 seconds. It is important to not reboot the system until this portion of the upgrade completes.}}
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{{txtbox|box={{pound}} PC-BSD System Upgrade
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{{pound}} Updating to 9.1
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{{pound}} Please do NOT reboot the system until the update is finished
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<nowiki>##############################################################</nowiki>{{nbsp|2}}
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Installing system packages...
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Cleaning up...DONE
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Update finished! Rebooting...
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|txt=
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The system will automatically reboot into the new operating system and continue with the application updates. After that has completed, your system will then reboot into the newly-installed operating system.}}
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=== Using the Command Line ===
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To start a system upgrade from the command line, become the superuser and use the following command to check to see if an update is available:
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{{txtbox|box='''pc-updatemanager check'''
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The following updates are available:
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<nowiki>-</nowiki>-----------------------------------
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NAME: System Update to 9.1
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TYPE: SYSUPDATE
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VERSION: 9.1
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DATE: 2012-12-03
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TAG: release-9.1
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DETAILS: {{http}}www.pcbsd.org
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To install this update run "/usr/local/bin/pc-updatemanager install release-9.1"}}
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Follow the instructions to install the update:
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{{txtbox|box='''pc-updatemanager install release-9.1'''
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STARTINGUPDATE: 9.1
 
STARTINGUPDATE: 9.1
 
Downloading Master Files...}}
 
Downloading Master Files...}}
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The upgrade will then proceed as usual and you will be prompted when the system is ready to reboot.
 
The upgrade will then proceed as usual and you will be prompted when the system is ready to reboot.
  
<noinclude>{{refheading}}</noinclude>
 
 
<noinclude>
 
<noinclude>
[[category:handbook]]
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{{refheading}}
[[category:Advanced Installation Topics]]
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[[Category:Upgrading PC-BSD®]]
 
[[Category:Upgrading PC-BSD®]]
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[[category:Advanced Installation Topics]]
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[[category:handbook]]
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<languages/>
 
</noinclude>
 
</noinclude>

Revision as of 07:53, 24 September 2013

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

Contents

pc-updatemanager is the command line equivalent to Update Manager. It can be used to apply system updates and to perform an operating system upgrade. It can also be used to update packages, providing a command line equivalent to the "Package Updates" tab of Package Manager.

If you type pc-updatemanager, it will show its available options:

pc-updatemanager

/usr/local/bin/pc-updatemanager - Usage ----   branches - List available system branches                           chbranch <tag> - Change to new system branch   check - Check for system updates   install <tag>,<tag2> - Install system updates   pkgcheck - Check for updates to packages

  pkgupdate - Install packages updates

Upgrading Packages

To determine if newer versions of packages are available, type the following command as the superuser.

pc-updatemanager pkgcheck
Updating repository catalogue
Upgrades have been requested for the following 253 packages:
list of packages snipped
The upgrade will require 70 MB more space
439 MB to be downloaded
To start the upgrade run "/usr/local/bin/pc-updatemanager pkgupdate"

In this example, newer versions are available for 253 packages. The list of package names was snipped from the sample output. If no updates were available, the output would have instead said "All packages are up to date!".

If updates are available, you can install them with this command:

pc-updatemanager pkgupdate
Updating repository catalogue
snip downloading and reinstalling output
[253/253] Upgrading pcbsd-base from 1374071964 to 1378408836... done
Extracting desktop overlay data...DONE

While the output has been snipped from this example, the update process will download the latest versions of the packages which need updating, displaying the download progress for each file. Once the downloads are complete, it will display the reinstallation process for each file. The last step of the update process is to extract the desktop (or server) overlay and then to return the prompt.

How long the package upgrade takes depends upon the number of packages and the speed of the Internet connection. If you run this command on a desktop, you should log out and log in again so that you load the latest version of the desktop and its applications. If you run this command on a server while running the tcsh shell, type rehash in order to tell the shell that new applications have been installed.

Applying System Updates

To determine if any system updates are available, type the following command as the superuser:

pc-updatemanager check
The following updates are available:
------------------------------------

Follow the instructions to install the update:

Upgrading the Operating System

NOTE: before performing an operating system upgrade, read the caveats listed here. Be sure to backup your important data to another system or external device before starting the upgrade.

pc-updatemanager install release-9.1                                            

STARTINGUPDATE: 9.1

Downloading Master Files...

The upgrade will then proceed as usual and you will be prompted when the system is ready to reboot.


References


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