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PC-BSD® 9.2 added a graphical Package Manager utility to Control Panel which can be used to manage installed desktops and system components. It can also be used as a front-end to the FreeBSD packages collection. If you prefer to start this utility from the command line, type pc-su pc-pkgmanager.
Figure 7.2a shows Package Manager with its categories expanded. This sample system uses NVIDIA for graphics and the default desktop manager of KDE was kept during the installation. This default view is known as Basic View.
Install System Components
To install or uninstall components, check the boxes for the components that you wish to install, uncheck the boxes for the components that you wish to remove, then click the "Apply" button to perform the requested operations.
Install FreeBSD Packages
To instead manage FreeBSD packages, click View ➜ Advanced to change to Advanced View. This view is shown in Figure 7.2b with the editors category expanded.
The search utility can be used to find packages to install. Alternately, if you know the software category, expand it and check the software you would like to install. As you browse, you can select multiple packages. If you click an application name, its Package Information screen will display, as seen in the example in Figure 7.2c.
The Package Information is divided into three tabs:
- Description: displays the name and version of the package, its download size, the URL to its homepage, and a brief description.
- Options: shows the options compiled into the package. Options will be listed as either on or off.
- Dependencies: lists any additional packages that will be installed as dependencies of the selected package.
Once you have made your selections, click the "Apply" button to install the selected software.
Update Installed Packages
As newer versions of installed packages become available, they are listed in the "Package Updates" tab of Package Manager. In the example shown in Figure 7.2d, three updates are available, representing package updates to the PC-BSD® utilities, the GUI versions of those utilities, and to the base packages installed with the operating system.