Difference between revisions of "Obtaining PC-BSD®/9.2"

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m (Data Integrity Check)
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Once the file is selected, click the green arrow to calculate the checksum. Once calculated, it will be listed in the Checksum\State column. In this example, the checksum is e66acb8ff1013c6c5e114191e9556580 (though FastSum will capitalize the letters).  
 
Once the file is selected, click the green arrow to calculate the checksum. Once calculated, it will be listed in the Checksum\State column. In this example, the checksum is e66acb8ff1013c6c5e114191e9556580 (though FastSum will capitalize the letters).  
  
On Linux and BSD systems you can use the built-in '''md5''' command line tool to check the data integrity of the downloaded file. In this example, the file is located in the Downloads subdirectory of a user's home (~) directory. You should substitute the name and location of the file that you downloaded:
+
On Linux and BSD systems you can use the built-in '''md5''' (or '''md5sum''') command line tool to check the data integrity of the downloaded file. In this example, the file is located in the Downloads subdirectory of a user's home (~) directory. You should substitute the name and location of the file that you downloaded:
  
 
  '''md5 ~/Downloads/PCBSD9.0-RELEASE-x86-DVD.iso '''
 
  '''md5 ~/Downloads/PCBSD9.0-RELEASE-x86-DVD.iso '''
 
  MD5 (Desktop/PCBSD9.0-RELEASE-x86-DVD.iso) = e66acb8ff1013c6c5e114191e9556580
 
  MD5 (Desktop/PCBSD9.0-RELEASE-x86-DVD.iso) = e66acb8ff1013c6c5e114191e9556580
 
<noinclude>[[category:handbook]]</noinclude>
 
<noinclude>[[category:handbook]]</noinclude>

Revision as of 03:35, 1 February 2012

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

Contents

The installation files for PC-BSD can be downloaded for free and end with an .iso or .img.bz2 file extension. Depending upon the type of file you choose, the size will vary between ~200MB and ~3.5GB. This section will show you how to select which file to download and how to verify the downloaded file's checksum. The next section will demonstrate how to burn the file to bootable media.

If you have a slow download connection or wish to support the PC-BSD project financially, you can purchase PC-BSD DVDs from the FreeBSD Mall.

Members of the PC-BSD project attend many IT conferences across the globe and give out PC-BSD DVDs at conference booths. Visiting a PC-BSD booth is an excellent way to meet other PC-BSD users and to get your questions answered. Check the PC-BSD Blog to see if any events are happening near you. If you are organizing a PC-BSD booth, contact us to arrange for DVDs.

Selecting Which File to Download

When you go to the Download page of the PC-BSD website, you will find a number of files available for download:

  • DVD-live: contains a live version of PC-BSD running the KDE4 desktop (no components or extra apps); requires a DVD burner/reader
  • DVD: contains the full version of PC-BSD (all components and included apps); requires a DVD burner
  • CD: contains a stripped down version of PC-BSD and the LXDE desktop (no components or extra apps); requires a CD burner/reader
  • USB-live: contains a live version of PC-BSD running the KDE4 desktop (no components or extra apps); requires a USB memory stick or flash card
  • USB: contains the full version of PC-BSD (all components and included apps); requires a USB memory stick or flash card
  • USB-lite: contains a stripped down version of PC-BSD and the LXDE desktop (no components or extra apps); requires a USB memory stick or flash card
  • USB-boot-only: contains the installer only; requires a USB memory stick or flash card and a network connection during the install
  • Boot-only ISO: contains the installer only; requires a CD burner/reader and a network connection during the install
  • VMware disk image: contains the full version of PC-BSD (all components and included apps); requires VMware to be installed
  • VirtualBox disk: contains the full version of PC-BSD (all components and included apps); requires VirtualBox to be installed

NOTE: you will need to unzip the VMware and VirtualBox images before using them. The password for both the guest and root user for these virtual images is pcbsd.

The larger the installation file size, the more components and applications that come with that installation. For example, the full versions contain everything while the boot-only versions only contain the installer. If you choose to download a boot-only version, the initial download will be quick (due to the file size), but you will need an active Internet connection during the installation so the installer can download the rest of the files that it needs to perform the installation.

Regardless of which media you use to install PC-BSD, you have the option to install additional components and applications after the installation using System Manager and AppCafe™.

There are two versions available for each type of file: one for 32-bit (i386) systems and one for 64-bit (amd64) systems. It is important that you download a file that matches your computer's processor type (32- or 64-bit).

NOTE: If you plan to use VirtualBox to install PC-BSD, you can install the 32-bit version, even if your computer is 64-bit. Depending upon your processor's capabilities, you may or may not be able to install the 64-bit version on a 64-bit system using VirtualBox.

Data Integrity Check

After downloading the file that is correct for your architecture and installation type, it is a good idea to check that the file is exactly the same as the one on the PC-BSD server. While downloading, a portion of the file may get damaged or lost, making the installation file unusable. Each PC-BSD download has an associated MD5 checksum which is listed next to the download link. If the checksum of the file you downloaded has the same number, your download was successful. If the MD5 numbers don't match, you should download the file again, preferably from a different mirror. In order to verify the checksum, you will need to use a checksum verification utility.

If you are currently using a Windows system, you can download and install the FastSum utility. Once installed, launch the program and click the Files button, shown in Figure 2.6a, to browse to the location of your downloaded file:

Figure 2.6a: Verifying a Checksum Using FastSum

Fastsum1a.jpeg

Once the file is selected, click the green arrow to calculate the checksum. Once calculated, it will be listed in the Checksum\State column. In this example, the checksum is e66acb8ff1013c6c5e114191e9556580 (though FastSum will capitalize the letters).

On Linux and BSD systems you can use the built-in md5 (or md5sum) command line tool to check the data integrity of the downloaded file. In this example, the file is located in the Downloads subdirectory of a user's home (~) directory. You should substitute the name and location of the file that you downloaded:

md5 ~/Downloads/PCBSD9.0-RELEASE-x86-DVD.iso 
MD5 (Desktop/PCBSD9.0-RELEASE-x86-DVD.iso) = e66acb8ff1013c6c5e114191e9556580
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