Difference between revisions of "Multimedia/9.2"

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Your PC-BSD system has been pre-configured to allow you to play multimedia in many formats. For example, if you insert a music CD or a video DVD, supported desktops will indicate that a new media is available and will offer options for accessing that media. Depending upon the desktop, several player applications may already be installed for playing various media formats. Most desktops also provide a graphical utility for configuring sound devices and inputs/outputs.
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For desktops that don't provide a built-in device notifier or who don't support PC-BSD's built in devd system, the [http://www.freshports.org/sysutils/volman/ volman] application runs in the background to provide this functionality for USB devices. This means that any desktop should notify you if a media is inserted into a USB CD/DVD device.
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If you insert a CD/DVD media into an internal CD/DVD device and your desktop does not notify you, you can still mount the media manually as the superuser. This command will mount a CD inserted into the first internal CD device:
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PC-BSD® has been pre-configured to support most multimedia formats and makes it easy to install most open source media applications using {{local|link=AppCafe®}}. In addition, the following Control Panel icons are available, regardless of the desktop:
  
'''mount -t cd9660 /dev/cd0 /media'''
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* {{local|link=Sound Configuration}}: this utility displays the recognized audio devices and allows you to select and test which device to use by default.
  
While web browsing, you should be able to play most media formats, including Youtube videos, Internet radio, and many trailer and movie sites.
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* {{local|link=Mount Tray}}: this application automatically detects the insertion and removal of media in USB devices. This means that any desktop should notify you if media is inserted into a USB CD/DVD device.
  
'''NOTE:''' If you happen to come across a file that you can not play in a web browser or media player, it is probably because it is in a proprietary format that requires a licensing fee or restricts distribution of the codec that is required to play that media format.  
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If you insert a CD/DVD media into an internal CD/DVD device and your desktop does not notify you, you can still mount the media manually as the superuser. This command will mount a CD inserted into the first internal CD device:
  
The Multimedia category of [[Using AppCafe|AppCafe®]] contains several dozen applications for playing and editing multimedia. It includes these popular applications (click the links to view screenshots):
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{{txtbox|box='''mount -t cd9660 /dev/cd0 /media'''}}
  
* [http://amarok.kde.org/en/screenshots Amarok:] music player that includes integrated support for many web services such as Last.fm, Magnatune, Echo Nest, Ampache, MP3Tunes, Jamendo, OPML, and Librivox.
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If you install your web browser using AppCafe®, you should be able to play most media formats, including YouTube videos, Internet radio, and many trailer and movie sites.
  
* [http://ardour.org/screenshots Ardour:] digital audio workstation that provides non-destructive, non-linear editing with unlimited undo and more than 200 LADSPA & LV2 plugins.
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If people are blue in YouTube videos, this is due to a known issue in flash which Adobe hasn't fixed for open source players. To resolve this issue, right-click an area in the video, select "Settings", then uncheck the box "Enable hardware acceleration". Alternately, use the Minitube PBI to watch YouTube.
  
* [http://www.atunes.org/?page_id=5 aTunes:] full-featured audio player and manager that can play mp3, ogg, wma, wav, flac, mp4 and radio streaming, allowing users to easily edit tags, organize music and rip audio CDs.
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{{note|icon64=if you happen to come across a file that you can not play in a web browser or media player, it is probably because it is in a proprietary format that requires a licensing fee or restricts distribution of the codec that is required to play that media format.}}
  
* [http://audacity.sourceforge.net/about/screenshots?lang=en Audacity:] multilingual audio editor and recorder.
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The "Multimedia" category of {{local|link=AppCafe®}} contains several dozen applications for playing and editing multimedia. It includes these popular applications (click the links to view screenshots):
  
* [http://www.gtkpod.org/index.php?title=Screenshots gtkpod:] graphical user interface for the Apple iPod.
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* {{citelink|url=http://ardour.org/features.html|txt=Ardour}}: digital audio workstation that provides non-destructive, non-linear editing with unlimited undo and more than 200 LADSPA & LV2 plugins.
  
* [http://www.getmiro.com/download/screenshots/ Miro:] HD video player that can play almost any video file and offers over 6,000 free Internet TV shows and video podcasts.
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* {{citelink|url=http://www.atunes.org/?page_id=5|txt=aTunes}}: full-featured audio player and manager that can play mp3, ogg, wma, wav, flac, mp4 and radio streaming, allowing users to easily edit tags, organize music and rip audio CDs.
  
* [http://projects.gnome.org/rhythmbox/screenshots.html Rhythmbox:] integrated music management application
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* {{citelink|url=http://audacity.sourceforge.net/about/screenshots?lang=en|txt=Audacity}}: multilingual audio editor and recorder.
  
===Troubleshooting Sound===
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* {{citelink|url=http://audacious-media-player.org/images/audacious-3.3.png|txt=Audacious}}: audio player with a focus on low resource usage, high audio quality, and support for a wide range of audio formats.
  
By default, PC-BSD loads the ''snd_hda.ko'' driver at boot time. This is a meta-driver that automatically loads all supported sound cards. This means that sound usually "just works".  
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* {{citelink|url=http://decibel.silent-blade.org/index.php?n=Main.Screenshots|txt=Decibel-audio-player}}: audio player built around a highly modular structure that lets the user disable completely the features he does not need. Able to play CDs directly.
  
If your sound does not work, type '''mixer'''. You should receive output similar to the following:
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* {{citelink|url=http://www.gtkpod.org/index.php?title=Screenshots|txt=gtkpod}}: graphical user interface for the Apple iPod.
  
Mixer vol      is currently set to 100:100
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Mixer pcm      is currently set to 100:100
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* Hulu-Desktop: an application for watching Hulu programming without a web browser.
Mixer mic      is currently set to  50:50
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Mixer mix      is currently set to  60:60
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Mixer rec      is currently set to  75:75
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Mixer igain    is currently set to 100:100
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Mixer ogain    is currently set to 100:100
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If any of these settings are set to 0, set them to a higher value, by specifying the name of the mixer setting as seen in this example:
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* {{citelink|url=http://www.kde.org/applications/multimedia/kaffeine/|txt=Kaffeine}}: DVD and CD media player.
  
'''mixer vol 100'''
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Setting the mixer vol from 0:0 to 100:100.
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* {{citelink|url=http://www.getmiro.com/download/screenshots/|txt=Miro}}: HD video player that can play almost any video file and offers over 6,000 free Internet TV shows and video podcasts.
  
If you only get one or two mixer settings instead of the settings shown above, you need to change the default mixer channel. As the superuser, try this command:
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* {{citelink|url=http://projects.gnome.org/rhythmbox/screenshots.html|txt=Rhythmbox}}: integrated music management application.
  
'''sysctl hw.snd.default_unit=1'''
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* {{citelink|url=http://projects.gnome.org/totem/|txt=Totem}}: the official movie player of the GNOME desktop environment based on GStreamer. It features a playlist, a full-screen mode, seek and volume controls, as well as keyboard navigation.
  
To see if that changed to the correct channel, type '''mixer''' again. If you still only have one or two mixer settings, try setting the '''sysctl''' value to '''2''', and if necessary, to '''3'''.
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* {{citelink|url=http://www.umplayer.com/|txt=UMPlayer}}: universal media player that can handle any media format and play audio CDs, DVDs, (S)VCDs, TV/radio cards, YouTube™ and SHOUTcast™ streams.
  
Once you have all of the mixer settings and none are set to '''0''', your sound should work. If it does not, see the section [[Finding Help]]. When reporting your problem, include your version of PC-BSD and the name of your sound card.
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* {{citelink|url=http://www.videolan.org/vlc/|txt=VLC}}: simple, fast and powerful media player which plays everything: files, discs, webcams, devices and streams.
  
'''Recommended Reading'''
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* [http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/sound-setup.html Sound Section of FreeBSD Handbook]
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* [http://wiki.freebsd.org/Sound FreeBSD Sound Wiki]
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[[category:Common Tasks]]
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[[category:Multimedia]]
 
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Latest revision as of 00:23, 16 December 2013



PC-BSD® has been pre-configured to support most multimedia formats and makes it easy to install most open source media applications using AppCafe®. In addition, the following Control Panel icons are available, regardless of the desktop:

  • Sound Configuration: this utility displays the recognized audio devices and allows you to select and test which device to use by default.
  • Mount Tray: this application automatically detects the insertion and removal of media in USB devices. This means that any desktop should notify you if media is inserted into a USB CD/DVD device.

If you insert a CD/DVD media into an internal CD/DVD device and your desktop does not notify you, you can still mount the media manually as the superuser. This command will mount a CD inserted into the first internal CD device:

mount -t cd9660 /dev/cd0 /media

If you install your web browser using AppCafe®, you should be able to play most media formats, including YouTube videos, Internet radio, and many trailer and movie sites.

If people are blue in YouTube videos, this is due to a known issue in flash which Adobe hasn't fixed for open source players. To resolve this issue, right-click an area in the video, select "Settings", then uncheck the box "Enable hardware acceleration". Alternately, use the Minitube PBI to watch YouTube.

NOTE: If you happen to come across a file that you can not play in a web browser or media player, it is probably because it is in a proprietary format that requires a licensing fee or restricts distribution of the codec that is required to play that media format.

The "Multimedia" category of AppCafe® contains several dozen applications for playing and editing multimedia. It includes these popular applications (click the links to view screenshots):

  • Ardour[1]: digital audio workstation that provides non-destructive, non-linear editing with unlimited undo and more than 200 LADSPA & LV2 plugins.
  • aTunes[2]: full-featured audio player and manager that can play mp3, ogg, wma, wav, flac, mp4 and radio streaming, allowing users to easily edit tags, organize music and rip audio CDs.
  • Audacious[4]: audio player with a focus on low resource usage, high audio quality, and support for a wide range of audio formats.
  • Decibel-audio-player[5]: audio player built around a highly modular structure that lets the user disable completely the features he does not need. Able to play CDs directly.
  • gtkpod[6]: graphical user interface for the Apple iPod.
  • Hulu-Desktop: an application for watching Hulu programming without a web browser.
  • Miro[8]: HD video player that can play almost any video file and offers over 6,000 free Internet TV shows and video podcasts.
  • Totem[10]: the official movie player of the GNOME desktop environment based on GStreamer. It features a playlist, a full-screen mode, seek and volume controls, as well as keyboard navigation.
  • UMPlayer[11]: universal media player that can handle any media format and play audio CDs, DVDs, (S)VCDs, TV/radio cards, YouTube™ and SHOUTcast™ streams.
  • VLC[12]: simple, fast and powerful media player which plays everything: files, discs, webcams, devices and streams.


References


  1. http://ardour.org/features.html
  2. http://www.atunes.org/?page_id=5
  3. http://audacity.sourceforge.net/about/screenshots?lang=en
  4. http://audacious-media-player.org/images/audacious-3.3.png
  5. http://decibel.silent-blade.org/index.php?n=Main.Screenshots
  6. http://www.gtkpod.org/index.php?title=Screenshots
  7. http://www.kde.org/applications/multimedia/kaffeine/
  8. http://www.getmiro.com/download/screenshots/
  9. http://projects.gnome.org/rhythmbox/screenshots.html
  10. http://projects.gnome.org/totem/
  11. http://www.umplayer.com/
  12. http://www.videolan.org/vlc/
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