Laptops/9.2

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Many PC-BSD users successfully run PC-BSD on their laptops. To determine if the hardware on your laptop is supported, search the [1][1]. Consider adding to this list if your model is not listed or the information for your model is out-of-date.

Depending upon the model of laptop, you may run across some issues. These typically deal with:

  • sleep/suspend: unfortunately, [2][2] is not an exact science, meaning that you may have to experiment with various sysctl variables in order to achieve successful sleep and suspend states on your particular laptop model. If your laptop is a ThinkPad, read man acpi_ibm. [3][3] is another excellent source. For other types of laptops, try reading the SYSCTL VARIABLES section of man 4 acpi. The [4][4] section of the FreeBSD Handbook demonstrates how to determine your current sysctl values, modify a value, and make a modified value persist after a reboot.
  • Internal wireless: some chipsets don't have a FreeBSD driver yet. If you would like to try converting a Windows driver into a FreeBSD module, use the instructions in this [5][5].
  • Internal ATI or Radeon graphics: at this time, these chipsets will only support 2D graphics. This may be fixed by PC-BSD 9.2.

If you wish to test your laptop's hardware, consider using PC-BSD Live Mode before committing to an installation.

If you would like to install PC-BSD onto an Asus Eee, read the [6][6] first.

ThinkPad BIOS Versions with Known Bug

If you wish to install PC-BSD on an older IBM/Lenovo ThinkPad laptop, it is important to first check your ThinkPad model number to see if its BIOS has a known bug. This bug is rather nasty and will render the computer completely unbootable--even the BIOS will be inaccessible. This situation occurs as the BIOS thinks that the PC-BSD (FreeBSD) partition number represents the IBM repair partition. The only way to get the affected laptop to boot again is to physically remove the hard drive, insert it into another laptop, wipe the drive, and insert the drive back into the system. While the hard drive is in the other system, you'll note that PC-BSD boots just fine as the problem is with the BIOS, not the hard drive. Once the BIOS is accessible again, you should upgrade (or possibly downgrade) the BIOS to a version number that fixes this bug. See Table 2.4 for the models which are affected, the BIOS version number that fixes the bug, and links to the BIOS software should you need to upgrade your BIOS. The BIOS needs to incorporate the fix "The system cannot boot from a hard disk drive with partition ID of n5h where n is 1 or greater".

Table 2.4: ThinkPad BIOS Versions with Known Bug

Model Number BIOS Version That Fixes The Bug
A20m [7][7]
A20p [8][8]
A21e(2628) [9][9]
A21m (except Sxx models) [10][10]
A21p [11][11]
A22m (except Sxx models) [12][10]
A22p [13][11]
T20 [14][12]
T21 [15][13]
X20 [16][14]
X21 [17][14]

Acer Laptop with Known Bug

In models 2920z, and 4920G, there is an issue with the BIOS settings for the HPET timer. The solution is to set a [18][15]. In order to install, escape to the loader prompt, type:

set hint.hpet.0.allowed_irqs="0x400000"
boot

And once again in the loader to boot the install, then after install has finished, edit /boot/loader.conf to add the following:

hint.hpet.0.allowed_irqs="0x400000"

MacBooks

Before starting, you should review the [19][16].

Starting in PC-BSD 9.0-RC1, support has been added for installing directly to Mac OS X BootCamp partitions.

First, you can install an OS X boot manager, such as [20][17]. This step is optional as it requires either a dedicated partition or it installs into your OS X partition and takes over the boot process.

Next you will need to make some free space to install into. You can use the MacBook's [21][18] utility to make a primary partition of at least 25 GB in size.

After creating the BootCamp partition, boot from the PC-BSD install media and proceed with a normal installation. When you get to the disk selection screen, be sure to select the ada0p3: linux-data partition for installation. After installation, reboot and select BSD from the rEFIt (or an alternate) boot menu to boot into the new PC-BSD installation.

Touch Screens

Starting in PC-BSD 9.0, automatic detection of USB-based touch screen devices has been added. During the display wizard phase, if your touch-screen is auto-detected, the necessary flags will be added to /etc/X11/xorg.conf automatically. If your display is USB and is NOT auto-detected, please send the output of usbconfig and your /etc/X11/xorg.conf file to the [22][19].


References


  1. http://laptop.bsdgroup.de/freebsd/
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advanced_Configuration_and_Power_Interface
  3. http://thinkwiki.org
  4. http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/configtuning-sysctl.html
  5. http://blog.pcbsd.org/2010/11/looking-for-ndis-testers-freebsd-and-pc-bsd/
  6. http://wiki.freebsd.org/AsusEee
  7. http://support.lenovo.com/en_US/research/hints-or-tips/detail.page?&LegacyDocID=MIGR-4TJLS3
  8. http://support.lenovo.com/en_US/research/hints-or-tips/detail.page?&LegacyDocID=MIGR-4TFT8K
  9. http://support.lenovo.com/en_US/research/hints-or-tips/detail.page?&LegacyDocID=MIGR-43531
  10. 10.0 10.1 http://support.lenovo.com/en_US/research/hints-or-tips/detail.page?&LegacyDocID=MIGR-39917
  11. 11.0 11.1 http://support.lenovo.com/en_US/research/hints-or-tips/detail.page?&LegacyDocID=MIGR-4TFT8F
  12. http://support.lenovo.com/en_US/research/hints-or-tips/detail.page?&LegacyDocID=MIGR-4R3UYP
  13. http://support.lenovo.com/en_US/research/hints-or-tips/detail.page?&LegacyDocID=DSHY-3YVKSE
  14. 14.0 14.1 http://support.lenovo.com/en_US/research/hints-or-tips/detail.page?&LegacyDocID=MIGR-4R3M3F
  15. http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/device-hints.html
  16. http://wiki.freebsd.org/AppleMacbook
  17. http://refit.sourceforge.net/
  18. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boot_Camp_%28software%29
  19. http://lists.pcbsd.org/mailman/listinfo/testing