Java, Flash, and Fonts/9.2
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This section demonstrates how to install Java, Flash, and fonts to improve your desktop experience.
The OpenJDK PBI provides an open source implementation of the Java Platform. It includes the IcedTea java browser plugin which automatically works within the FireFox, Chrome, and Opera web browsers without any additional configuration. To install this PBI, search for "jdk" within AppCafe®.
PC-BSD installs and configures the Adobe Flash player (version 10) plugin for you. This means that flash should "just work" when browsing the web. You'll find several web browsers in the Web Browsers category of AppCafe®, including Firefox, Opera, and Chromium.
If flash does not seem to be working, running the following command as your regular user account should fix the problem:
Installing Microsoft True Type Fonts
If you would like to install Microsoft True Type fonts, click on the AppCafe® icon on your Desktop. Search for "fonts" in the search bar and you should see a result similar to Figure 8.1a:
Figure 8.1a: Using AppCafe® to Install MS TrueType Fonts
Click the download button to install the fonts PBI. It will automatically setup your system to use these fonts.
Installing Custom Fonts
If you already have a collection of fonts that you have downloaded or purchased, you can configure your PC-BSD system to use these fonts. Which utility you use depends upon which desktop(s) you have installed.
NOTE: many fonts are available from FreshPorts by searching for "font". If you find a font you like, FreshPorts will indicate the pkg_add command that is used to add that font to your system. Any font installed using pkg_add should not require any additional configuration to "just work". The rest of this section demonstrates how to install fonts that you have downloaded manually or purchased from the Internet.
To install custom fonts within KDE, go to System Settings ➜ Font Installer. In Figure 8.1b, "All Fonts" is currently selected under the Group column, showing all of the fonts installed on this system.
Figure 8.1b: Using KDE's Font Installer to Install Custom Fonts
To install your fonts, highlight "Personal Fonts" under the Group column, then click the +Add button. This will allow you to browse to the font you wish to add. You can add multiple fonts in the same directory by holding down the Ctrl key while making your selection. Click the Open button, which will install the font for you. When it is finished, a pop-up message will indicate that you will need to restart any open applications for the font change to take affect. Your newly installed font(s) should now show up in the "Personal Fonts" section in the Groups column and be available to the applications you use.
To install custom fonts within GNOME, go to Applications ➜ Utilities ➜ File Manager. Navigate to the location of the font that you would like to install and either double-click the font name or select Font Viewer from the icon's right-click menu. This will open the font in Font Viewer, allowing you to view it. If you like the font, click the Install Font button to make it available to your applications. In the example shown in Figure 8.1c, the user is installing the BlackFlag font.
Figure 8.1c: Using GNOME's Nautilus to Install a Custom Font
To install custom fonts within XFCE, use System ➜ Thunar File Manager. Once you browse to the location of the font and double- or right-click it, you will see the same Font Viewer used by GNOME.
For any desktop, you can use nautilus or thunar to install fonts. Depending upon which desktop(s) you have installed, these utilities may or may not already be installed. If nothing happens when you type their name, you can install either utility using AppCafe®.