Installing Applications and Keeping Up/9.2/de
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Both PC-BSD® and TrueOS® provide tools to make it easy to manage software and to keep both the operating system and software up-to-date. PC-BSD® provides graphical tools which can be started from Systemsteuerung or the command line. Since TrueOS® is a command-line only install, it provides command line tools to manage software and updates. If you install software using any of the tools described in this chapter, you will automatically be notified whenever a newer version of software is available.
In PC-BSD®, software is available in three different formats:
- PBIs are self-contained installation programs applications.
- Meta-packages are installable software collections similar to system components. Meta-packages are selected during installation and include supported and unsupported desktops, development utilities, hardware drivers, and miscellaneous applications such as MythTV or XBMC.
- Packages include the default software that is installed with the PC-BSD® operating system.
Table 7a summarizes the PC-BSD® and TrueOS® utilities available for managing each type of software as well as the updating and upgrading utilities.
Table 7a: Utilities for Managing Software
|Type of Software||PC-BSD® Utility (graphical)||TrueOS® Utility (CLI)|
|Software Updates||Update Manager||pc-updatemanager|
This section demonstrates the graphical PC-BSD® tools. Note that these tools are not available on TrueOS®:
It then demonstrates the command line TrueOS® tools. Note that these tools are also available on PC-BSD® for those users who prefer to work from the command line: