Installing Applications and Keeping Up-to-Date/10.0

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Both PC-BSD® and TrueOS® provide tools to make it easy to manage software and to keep both the operating system and installed software up-to-date. PC-BSD® provides graphical tools which can be started from Control Panel or the command line. Since TrueOS® is a command-line only install, it provides command line tools to manage software and updates. If you install software using any of the tools described in this chapter, you will automatically be notified whenever a newer version of software is available.

In PC-BSD®, software is available in three different formats:

  • PBIs are self-contained installation applications.
  • Meta-packages are installable software collections similar to system components. Meta-packages can be selected during installation and include supported and unsupported desktops, development utilities, and hardware drivers.
  • Packages additional software which includes the default software that is installed with the PC-BSD® operating system.

Table 7a summarizes the utilities which are available for managing each type of software.

Table 7.7a: Utilities for Managing Software [Tables 1]
Type of Software Graphical Utility (PC-BSD® only) CLI Utility (PC-BSD® and TrueOS®)
PBIs AppCafe® PBI Manager
Meta-packages Package Manager pc-metapkgmanager
Packages Package Manager pkgng
Software Updates Update Manager pc-updatemanager

The rest of this chapter demonstrates how to use these tools.

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