Installing Applications and Keeping PC‑BSD® Updated/9.2
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In PC-BSD®, software is divided into PBIs, meta-packages, and package sets:
- PBIs are single applications, such as web browsers or multimedia utilities. PBIs are installed and managed using AppCafe®. Update Manager will automatically notify you when newer versions of installed PBIs become available.
- Meta-packages are installable software collections that can be considered the same as system components. Meta-packages are selected during installation and include supported and unsupported desktops, development utilities, hardware drivers, and miscellaneous applications such as MythTV or XBMC. After installation, your initial meta-package choices can be modified using System Manager. Warden® also supports meta-packages, allowing you to install system components into a jail.
- Package sets include the default packages that get installed with any PC-BSD® system, plus the meta-packages which are selected for installation by the user. The list of packages which are installed with the 9.1 PC-BSD® operating system are listed in the Update Manager will automatically notify you when a new package set is ready -- this typically occurs every week or two -- making it easy to keep the software that came with the operating system up-to-date. . You can also view the package list for each meta-package .
NOTE: users are highly discouraged from using FreeBSD packages or ports or upgrade tools such as portupgrade or portversion from the PC-BSD® command line as Update Manager will remove your manually installed applications and upgrades. If you wish to practice using these tools, instead use Warden® to create a ports jail. If you think an application belongs in the base system (e.g. an add-on to a desktop meta-package), suggest that it be added using one of the resources in the Finding Help section.
This section demonstrates the following PC-BSD® tools for managing software on your PC-BSD® system:
- AppCafe® to install PBI software using a graphical application.
- PBI Manager to manage PBI software using command line utilities.
- Update Manager to install newer versions of PBIs or package sets and to apply security patches using a graphical application.
- Meta Package Manager to manage meta-packages from the command line.
It also describes how to create your own package repository of custom PBIs.