Difference between revisions of "Installing Applications and Keeping Up/9.2/de"

From PC-BSD Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Created page with "{{navHeader/de|back=Window Maker|forward=Using AppCafe®|custompagename=Installing Applications and Keeping PC-BSD{{r}} Updated|custompagecategory={{PAGENAME}}}}</noinclude>")
 
m (FuzzyBot moved page Installing Applications and Keeping Up-to-Date/de to Installing Applications and Keeping Up/9.2/de without leaving a redirect: Part of translatable page "Installing Applications and Keeping Up-to-Date".)
 
(15 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
<noinclude>
 
<noinclude>
{{navHeader/de|back=Window Maker|forward=Using AppCafe®|custompagename=Installing Applications and Keeping PC-BSD{{r}} Updated|custompagecategory={{PAGENAME}}}}</noinclude>
+
{{navHeader|back=Window Maker|forward=AppCafe®}}</noinclude>
  
In PC-BSD®, software is divided into PBIs, meta-packages, and package sets:
+
Both PC-BSD® and TrueOS® provide tools to make it easy to manage software and to keep both the operating system and software up-to-date. PC-BSD® provides graphical tools which can be started from {{local|link=Control Panel}} or the command line. Since TrueOS® is a command-line only install, it provides command line tools to manage software and updates. If you install software using any of the tools described in this chapter, you will automatically be notified whenever a newer version of software is available.
  
* '''PBIs''' are single applications, such as web browsers or multimedia utilities. PBIs are installed and managed using [[Using AppCafe® | AppCafe®]]. [[Update Manager]] will automatically notify you when newer versions of installed PBIs become available.
+
In PC-BSD®, software is available in three different formats:
  
* '''Meta-packages''' are installable software collections that can be considered the same as system components.  Meta-packages are selected during installation and include supported and unsupported desktops, development utilities, hardware drivers, and miscellaneous applications such as MythTV or XBMC. After installation, your initial meta-package choices can be modified using [[System_Manager#Install/Uninstall Desktops and System Components | System Manager]]. [[Warden®]] also supports meta-packages, allowing you to install system components into a jail.
+
* '''PBIs''' are self-contained installation programs applications.
  
* '''Package sets''' include the default packages that get installed with any PC-BSD® system, plus the meta-packages which are selected for installation by the user. The list of packages which are installed with the operating system PC-BSD®&nbsp;9.1 are listed in the  {{citelink|url=http://trac.pcbsd.org/browser/pcbsd/branches/9.1/build-files/metapkgsets/pcbsd/pkgset/base-system/ports-list|txt=base-system ports-list}}. You can also view the package list for each meta-package on the {{citelink|url=http://trac.pcbsd.org/browser/pcbsd/branches/9.1/build-files/metapkgsets/pcbsd/pkgset?order=name|txt=trac site}}. [[Update Manager]] will automatically notify you when a new package set is ready -- this typically occurs every week or two -- making it easy to keep the software that came with the operating system up-to-date.
+
* '''Meta-packages''' are installable software collections similar to system components.  Meta-packages are selected during installation and include supported and unsupported desktops, development utilities, hardware drivers, and miscellaneous applications such as MythTV or XBMC.  
  
{{warning|icon64=''' ''users are highly discouraged from using FreeBSD packages or ports or upgrade tools such as portupgrade or portversion from the PC-BSD® command line as [[Update Manager]] will remove your manually installed applications and upgrades.'' ''' If you wish to practice using these tools, instead use [[Warden®]] to create a ports jail. If you think an application belongs in the base system (e.g. an add-on to a desktop meta-package), suggest that it be added using one of the resources in the [[Finding Help]] section.}}
+
* '''Packages''' include the default software that is installed with the PC-BSD® operating system.  
  
This section demonstrates the following PC-BSD® tools for managing software on your PC-BSD® system:
+
Table 7a summarizes the PC-BSD® and TrueOS® utilities available for managing each type of software as well as the updating and upgrading utilities.
  
* [[Using AppCafe® | AppCafe®]] to install PBI software using a graphical application.
+
'''Table 7a: Utilities for Managing Software'''
  
* [[PBI Manager]] to manage PBI software using command line utilities.
+
{| class="spiffy_table"
 +
!Art der Software
 +
!PC-BSD®-Werkzeuge (graphisch)
 +
!TrueOS®-Werkzeuge (Konsole)
 +
|-
 +
|PBIs
 +
|AppCafe®
 +
|PBI Manager
 +
|-
 +
|Meta-packages
 +
|Package Manager
 +
|pc-metapkgmanager
 +
|-
 +
|Packages
 +
|Package Manager
 +
|pkgng
 +
|-
 +
|Software Updates
 +
|Update Manager
 +
|pc-updatemanager
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
* [[Update Manager]] to install newer versions of PBIs or package sets and to apply security patches using a graphical application.
 
  
* [[Meta Package Manager]] to manage meta-packages from the command line.
+
This section demonstrates the graphical PC-BSD® tools. Note that these tools are ''' ''not'' ''' available on TrueOS®:
  
It also describes how to [[Create Your Own PBI Repository]] of custom PBIs.
+
* {{local|link=AppCafe®}}
 +
 
 +
* {{local|link=Package Manager}}
 +
 
 +
* {{local|link=Update Manager}}
 +
 
 +
It then demonstrates the command line TrueOS® tools. Note that these tools are also available on PC-BSD® for those users who prefer to work from the command line:
 +
 
 +
* {{local|link=PBI Manager}}
 +
 
 +
* {{local|link=pkgng and pc-metapkgmanager}}
 +
 
 +
* {{local|link=pc-updatemanager}}
  
 
<noinclude>
 
<noinclude>
 
{{refheading}}
 
{{refheading}}
 
[[category:Maintaining and Extending PC-BSD®]]
 
[[category:Maintaining and Extending PC-BSD®]]
[[category:handbook]]
+
[[category:Handbuch]]
 
<languages/>
 
<languages/>
 
</noinclude>
 
</noinclude>

Latest revision as of 08:31, 2 December 2013

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

Both PC-BSD® and TrueOS® provide tools to make it easy to manage software and to keep both the operating system and software up-to-date. PC-BSD® provides graphical tools which can be started from Systemsteuerung or the command line. Since TrueOS® is a command-line only install, it provides command line tools to manage software and updates. If you install software using any of the tools described in this chapter, you will automatically be notified whenever a newer version of software is available.

In PC-BSD®, software is available in three different formats:

  • PBIs are self-contained installation programs applications.
  • Meta-packages are installable software collections similar to system components. Meta-packages are selected during installation and include supported and unsupported desktops, development utilities, hardware drivers, and miscellaneous applications such as MythTV or XBMC.
  • Packages include the default software that is installed with the PC-BSD® operating system.

Table 7a summarizes the PC-BSD® and TrueOS® utilities available for managing each type of software as well as the updating and upgrading utilities.

Table 7a: Utilities for Managing Software

Art der Software PC-BSD®-Werkzeuge (graphisch) TrueOS®-Werkzeuge (Konsole)
PBIs AppCafe® PBI Manager
Meta-packages Package Manager pc-metapkgmanager
Packages Package Manager pkgng
Software Updates Update Manager pc-updatemanager


This section demonstrates the graphical PC-BSD® tools. Note that these tools are not available on TrueOS®:

It then demonstrates the command line TrueOS® tools. Note that these tools are also available on PC-BSD® for those users who prefer to work from the command line:


Verweise