Difference between revisions of "Installing Applications and Keeping PC‑BSD® Updated/9.2"

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[[Image:home.png|link=http://wiki.pcbsd.org/index.php/PC-BSD_Users_Handbook|center|Return to Table of Contents]] [[Image:previous1.png|left|link=http://wiki.pcbsd.org/index.php/Remote_Desktop_Sharing|Previous: Remote Desktop Sharing]] [[Image:next1.png|right|link=http://wiki.pcbsd.org/index.php/Using_Software_Manager|Next: Using Software Manager]]
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<noinclude>{{navHeader|back=Window Maker|forward=Using AppCafe®|custompagename=Installing Applications and Keeping PC-BSD{{r}} Updated|custompagecategory={{PAGENAME}}}}</noinclude>
  
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In PC-BSD®, software is divided into PBIs, meta-packages, and package sets:
  
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* '''PBIs''' are single applications, such as web browsers or multimedia utilities. PBIs are installed and managed using [[Using AppCafe® | AppCafe®]]. [[Update Manager]] will automatically notify you when newer versions of installed PBIs become available.
  
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* '''Meta-packages''' are installable software collections that can be considered the same as system components.  Meta-packages are selected during installation and include supported and unsupported desktops, development utilities, hardware drivers, and miscellaneous applications such as MythTV or XBMC. After installation, your initial meta-package choices can be modified using [[System_Manager#Install/Uninstall Desktops and System Components | System Manager]]. [[Warden®]] also supports meta-packages, allowing you to install system components into a jail.
  
There are several methods of installing software on a PC-BSD system:
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* '''Package sets''' include the default packages that get installed with any PC-BSD® system, plus the meta-packages which are selected for installation by the user. The list of packages which are installed with the operating system PC-BSD®&nbsp;9.1 are listed in the  {{citelink|url=http://trac.pcbsd.org/browser/pcbsd/branches/9.1/build-files/metapkgsets/pcbsd/pkgset/base-system/ports-list|txt=base-system ports-list}}. You can also view the package list for each meta-package on the {{citelink|url=http://trac.pcbsd.org/browser/pcbsd/branches/9.1/build-files/metapkgsets/pcbsd/pkgset?order=name|txt=trac site}}. [[Update Manager]] will automatically notify you when a new package set is ready -- this typically occurs every week or two -- making it easy to keep the software that came with the operating system up-to-date.
  
* Install the PBI using Software Manager, the easy PC-BSD way (recommended)
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'''NOTE:''' ''' ''users are highly discouraged from using FreeBSD packages or ports or upgrade tools such as portupgrade or portversion from the PC-BSD® command line as [[Update Manager]] will remove your manually installed applications and upgrades.'' ''' If you wish to practice using these tools, instead use [[Warden®]] to create a ports jail. If you think an application belongs in the base system (e.g. an add-on to a desktop meta-package), suggest that it be added using one of the resources in the [[Finding Help]] section.
* Install the binary [http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/packages-using.html package], the quick FreeBSD way
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* Compile the [http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/ports-using.html port], the slow FreeBSD way
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When installing a PBI, you will be presented with a simple graphical interface which takes you through the steps of installing your software. Similar to many other popular operating systems, you just click and go. Most PBIs are created from the original FreeBSD package and are automatically updated whenever the underlying package version changes.
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This section demonstrates the following PC-BSD® tools for managing software on your PC-BSD® system:
  
Advanced users can also use the FreeBSD command line utilities to compile ports and install packages.  
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* [[Using AppCafe® | AppCafe®]] to install PBI software using a graphical application.
  
This section demonstrates:
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* [[PBI Manager]] to manage PBI software using command line utilities.
   
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* [[Using Software Manager|Using Software Manager]]
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* [[Using Ports Jail|Using Ports Jail]]
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* [[Update Manager]] to install newer versions of PBIs or package sets and to apply security patches using a graphical application.
  
* [[FreeBSD packages|FreeBSD packages]]
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* [[Meta Package Manager]] to manage meta-packages from the command line.
  
* [[FreeBSD ports|FreeBSD ports]]
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It also describes how to [[Create Your Own PBI Repository]] of custom PBIs.
  
* [[Removing a package or a port|Removing a package or a port]]
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<noinclude>{{refheading}}</noinclude>
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<noinclude>
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[[category:handbook]]
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[[category:Maintaining and Extending PC-BSD®]]
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</noinclude>

Revision as of 22:24, 18 December 2012

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

In PC-BSD®, software is divided into PBIs, meta-packages, and package sets:

  • PBIs are single applications, such as web browsers or multimedia utilities. PBIs are installed and managed using AppCafe®. Update Manager will automatically notify you when newer versions of installed PBIs become available.
  • Meta-packages are installable software collections that can be considered the same as system components. Meta-packages are selected during installation and include supported and unsupported desktops, development utilities, hardware drivers, and miscellaneous applications such as MythTV or XBMC. After installation, your initial meta-package choices can be modified using System Manager. Warden® also supports meta-packages, allowing you to install system components into a jail.
  • Package sets include the default packages that get installed with any PC-BSD® system, plus the meta-packages which are selected for installation by the user. The list of packages which are installed with the operating system PC-BSD® 9.1 are listed in the base-system ports-list[1]. You can also view the package list for each meta-package on the trac site[2]. Update Manager will automatically notify you when a new package set is ready -- this typically occurs every week or two -- making it easy to keep the software that came with the operating system up-to-date.

NOTE: users are highly discouraged from using FreeBSD packages or ports or upgrade tools such as portupgrade or portversion from the PC-BSD® command line as Update Manager will remove your manually installed applications and upgrades. If you wish to practice using these tools, instead use Warden® to create a ports jail. If you think an application belongs in the base system (e.g. an add-on to a desktop meta-package), suggest that it be added using one of the resources in the Finding Help section.

This section demonstrates the following PC-BSD® tools for managing software on your PC-BSD® system:

  • AppCafe® to install PBI software using a graphical application.
  • PBI Manager to manage PBI software using command line utilities.
  • Update Manager to install newer versions of PBIs or package sets and to apply security patches using a graphical application.

It also describes how to Create Your Own PBI Repository of custom PBIs.

References


  1. http://trac.pcbsd.org/browser/pcbsd/branches/9.1/build-files/metapkgsets/pcbsd/pkgset/base-system/ports-list
  2. http://trac.pcbsd.org/browser/pcbsd/branches/9.1/build-files/metapkgsets/pcbsd/pkgset?order=name
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