Installing Applications and Keeping PC‑BSD® Updated/9.2
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Both PC-BSD® and TrueOS® provide tools to make it easy to manage software and to keep both the operating system and software up-to-date. PC-BSD® provides graphical tools which can be started from Control Panel or the command line. Since TrueOS® is a command-line only install, it provides command line tools to manage software and updates. If you install software using any of the tools described in this chapter, you will automatically be notified whenever a newer version of software is available.
In PC-BSD®, software is available in three different formats:
- PBIs are self-contained installation programs applications.
- Meta-packages are installable software collections similar to system components. Meta-packages are selected during installation and include supported and unsupported desktops, development utilities, hardware drivers, and miscellaneous applications such as MythTV or XBMC.
- Packages include the default software that is installed with the PC-BSD® operating system.
Table 7a summarizes the PC-BSD® and TrueOS® utilities available for managing each type of software as well as the updating and upgrading utilities.
Table 7a: Utilities for Managing Software
|Type of Software||PC-BSD® Utility||TrueOS® Utility|
This section demonstrates the following PC-BSD® tools for managing software on your PC-BSD® system:
- AppCafe® to install PBI software using a graphical application.
- Package Manager to manage meta-packages.
- PBI Manager to manage PBI software using command line utilities.
- Using pkgng to manage the software that is installed with the operating system.
- Update Manager to install newer versions of PBIs or package sets and to apply security patches using a graphical application.
- How to upgrade PC-BSD®.
It also describes how to Create Your Own PBI Repository of custom PBIs.