Install a Server/9.2
(Sorry for the inconvenience)
THIS PAGE CHANGED IN 9.1. UNLESS YOU ARE BETA TESTING 9.1, YOU SHOULD INSTEAD REFER TO THE PUBLISHED VERSION OF THE USERS HANDBOOK THAT MATCHES YOUR PC-BSD VERSION
The Desktop Selection Screen of the PC-BSD installer can be used to install a FreeBSD-based server operating system, rather than a PC-BSD desktop operating system. This screen provides two server options:
- FreeBSD Server: installs a basic, vanilla installation of FreeBSD. While the installation routine is different, the end result is the same as if one had installed FreeBSD from a FreeBSD media as it results in a minimal, command line only FreeBSD server installation.
- TrueOS™: adds the following features to a vanilla installation of FreeBSD: the PBI Manager command line suite of utilities which can be used to manage PBIs and create one's own software repositories. It also adds the following command line utilities to /usr/local/bin: pc-metapkgmanager, pc-netupdate, and Warden®.
For a server installation, using the PC-BSD installer rather than the FreeBSD installer offers several benefits:
- the ability to easily configure ZFS during installation
- the ability to configure encryption during installation
- the ability to configure ZFS Multiple Boot Environments
- a wizard (described in this section) is provided during installation to configure the server for first use.
To perform a server installation, start the PC-BSD installation as usual. When you get to the Desktop Selection Screen of the installer, click the left arrow until either FreeBSD or TrueOS is selected. In the example shown as in Figure 5.1a, the user has selected TrueOS and the FreeBSD option is to the left of the selection.
Figure 5.1a: Selecting to Install TrueOS
Once selected, press Next to start the Server Setup Wizard. The wizard is the same for either a FreeBSD or a TrueOS installation.
Click Next to see the screen shown in Figure 5.1b.
Figure 5.1b: Set the Root Password
Input and confirm the root password which will be used for administrative or superuser access to the server, then click Next to proceed to the screen shown in Figure 5.1c.
Figure 5.1c: Create the Primary User Account
For security reasons, you should not login as the root user. For this reason, the wizard requires you to create a primary user account that will be used to login to the FreeBSD system. This account will automatically be added to the wheel group, allowing that user to su to the root account when administrative access is required.
This screen contains the following fields:
- Name: can contain capital letters and spaces.
- Username: the name used when logging in. Can not contain spaces and is case sensitive (e.g. Kris is a different username than kris).
- Password: the password used when logging in. You must type it twice in order to confirm it.
- Default shell: use the drop-down menu to select the csh, tcsh, or sh login shell.
When finished, click Next to proceed to the screen shown in Figure 5.1d.
Figure 5.1d: Set the Hostname
Input the system's hostname. If you will be using ssh to administer the system, check the box "Enable remote SSH login". Click Next to proceed to the network configuration screen shown in Figure 5.1e.
Figure 5.1e: Configure the Network
Use the Network Interface drop-down menu to select from the following:
- AUTO-DHCP-SLAAC: (default) will configure every active interface for DHCP for both IPv4 and IPv6
- AUTO-DHCP: will configure every active interface for DHCP for IPv4
- IPv6-SLAAC: will configure every active interface for DHCP for IPv6
Alternately, select the device name for the interface that you wish to manually configure and input the IPv4 and/or IPv6 addressing information. When finished, click Next to proceed to the screen shown in Figure 5.1f.
Figure 5.1f: Install Source or Ports
If you wish to install FreeBSD source or ports, check the associated box(es) then click Finish to exit the wizard.
If you are installing TrueOS™, you can use the Customize button to install server meta-packages. This screen, shown in Figure 5.1g, can be used to install packages such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, Samba, PHP, VirtualBox, Apache, and Lighttp.
Figure 5.1g: Installing Server Applications into TrueOS™
When you have saved your selections, click Next to proceed to the Disk Selection Screen in order to configure the system's disk(s).
Once the system is installed, it will boot to a command line login prompt. Login using the primary user account that was configured during installation. You can now configure and use the server as you would any other FreeBSD server installation. Theis an excellent reference for performing common FreeBSD server tasks.