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THIS SECTION NEEDS TO BE UPDATED FOR NEW GRUB BOOTLOADER
The graphical PC-BSD® bootloader menu, is shown in Figure 4.1a.
Unless you press a key, this screen will pause for a few seconds then continue to boot PC-BSD®. If you wish to select a different operating system or specify how PC-BSD® boots, press a key to pause this screen. If multiple operating systems are available and you want to boot into PC-BSD®, make sure it is highlighted and press enter. This will load the boot options screen shown in Figure 4.1b.
The following boot options are available:
- Normal Bootup: continues to boot PC-BSD®.
- Single User Mode: advanced users can select this option to fix critical system failures.
- Verbose Mode: select this option if you would like to see more detailed messages during the boot process. This can be useful if you are troubleshooting a piece of hardware.
- Run the Display Wizard: if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.
Use the arrow keys to select an option then press enter to boot using that option.
This menu is provided by GRUB and will show the installed operating systems and any previously created boot environments. If you are familiar with editing GRUB, you can press e to access the GRUB editor or c to access the GRUB command line.
A PC-BSD® installation assumes that you have an existing primary partition to install into. If your computer has only one disk and PC-BSD® will be the only operating system, it is fine to accept the default partitioning scheme. However, if you will be sharing PC-BSD® with other operating systems, care has to be taken that PC-BSD® is installed into the correct partition; otherwise, you may inadvertently overwrite an existing operating system.
If you wish to install multiple operating systems on your computer, you will need the following:
- a partition for each operating system. Many operating systems, including PC-BSD®, can only be installed into a primary partition. This means that you will need to use partitioning software as described in Partitioning the Hard Drive.
- a boot loader that allows you to select which operating system you wish to boot into. Depending upon the choice of boot loader and the operating systems that you install, you may or may not have to configure the boot loader to list all of the installed operating systems. Also, depending upon the order that you install the operating systems, the existing MBR data may be overwritten. This section will describe the configuration of several different boot loaders and how to restore an overwritten MBR.
- a backup of any existing data. This backup should not be stored on your computer's hard drive but on another computer; on removable media, such as a USB drive; or burnt onto a DVD media. If you are careful in your installation, everything should go fine. However, you will be glad that you made a backup should something go wrong.
Choosing the Installation Partition
When installing PC-BSD® onto a computer that is to contain multiple operating systems, care must be taken to select the correct partition in the Disk Selection screen of the installation. On a system containing multiple partitions, each partition will be listed. Highlight the partition that you wish to install into and make sure that you do not select a partition that already contains an operating system or data that you wish to keep.
PC-BSD® provides several pre-made GRUB scripts for several common operating systems. This means that if you install PC-BSD® on a computer that already contains an operating system, that operating system may automatically be added to the menu.
This section describes the scripts and how to provide the PC-BSD® developers the information they need to create and add a script should your other operating system not be detected automatically.