Difference between revisions of "Create a User Screen/9.2"

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For security reasons, PC-BSD will not let you login as the root user; instead it will prompt you for the administrative password whenever it is needed to perform a system task. This means that you need to create a user account that you will use to login to your system. If you share your computer with other users, you should create an account for each user. That way, each user will have their own home directory where they can store their files and not interfere with the files created by other users.
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To create a user, complete the following fields:
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This screen is used to create the primary user account that will be used to login to the system. [[File:Installer9a.png|thumb|393px|'''Figure 4.5a: User Creation Screen''']] Set a good value for the password as it is used whenever the system indicates that administrative access is required.
  
* '''Username:''' you need to remember this name as it is used to log in. It is case-sensitive, meaning you have to remember if you use any capitalization. It cannot contain any spaces.
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Figure 4.5a shows the configuration screen used to create the initial user account. This screen requires you to complete the following fields:
  
* '''Full name:''' this name can contain spaces and is used as a description to help you remember who uses this user account.
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* '''Name:''' this value will be displayed in the login screen. It can be your full name and can contain capital letters and spaces.
  
* '''Password:''' you will need to type this in twice and it must be a minimum of 4 characters. If you or another user forget their password, see [[User Manager]] to learn how to reset the password.
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* '''Username:''' this is the name you will use when logging in. It can not contain spaces and is case sensitive (e.g. Kris is a different username than kris).
  
* '''Shell:''' can be left as-is. This option is used by advanced users to choose their default shell when using a command prompt.  
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* '''Password:''' this is the password you will use when logging in. You must type it twice in order to confirm it.
  
When you have filled in the information for the new user, click the +Add button and the user account should appear in the "User Accounts" field underneath. You can click a user name at any time and modify its details. If you need to modify a user's settings, highlight their entry, make your changes and click the Save Changes button. If you wish to delete a user, highlight their entry and click the -Remove button to prevent the user account from being created by the installation.
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If you share your computer with other users, you will be able to create additional user accounts once you are logged in using {{traverse|Control Panel|User Manager|here=User Manager}}.  
  
By default, PC-BSD will create a hostname for your computer. If you prefer to set the hostname yourself, click the "System Options" tab, shown in Figure 3.6b. Check the "Custom System Hostname" box, then input the name you wish to use. The hostname can not contain any spaces and must be unique on your network.
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If you hover over "Encrypt user files", a checkbox will appear. If you check this box, the contents of the user's home directory will be encrypted using {{citelink|fbsdw|url=PEFS|txt=PEFS}}. This type of encryption automatically decrypts the files in the user's home directory when they login and automatically encrypts the contents again when the user logs out.
  
'''Figure 3.6b: System Options Tab'''
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{{note|icon64=At this time, the PEFS encryption system does not support the user changing their password. For this reason, be sure to select a strong password that you will not forget.}}
  
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Latest revision as of 19:58, 15 December 2013



This screen is used to create the primary user account that will be used to login to the system.
Figure 4.5a: User Creation Screen
Set a good value for the password as it is used whenever the system indicates that administrative access is required.

Figure 4.5a shows the configuration screen used to create the initial user account. This screen requires you to complete the following fields:

  • Name: this value will be displayed in the login screen. It can be your full name and can contain capital letters and spaces.
  • Username: this is the name you will use when logging in. It can not contain spaces and is case sensitive (e.g. Kris is a different username than kris).
  • Password: this is the password you will use when logging in. You must type it twice in order to confirm it.

If you share your computer with other users, you will be able to create additional user accounts once you are logged in using Control Panel → User Manager.

If you hover over "Encrypt user files", a checkbox will appear. If you check this box, the contents of the user's home directory will be encrypted using PEFS[1]. This type of encryption automatically decrypts the files in the user's home directory when they login and automatically encrypts the contents again when the user logs out.

NOTE: At this time, the PEFS encryption system does not support the user changing their password. For this reason, be sure to select a strong password that you will not forget.


References


  1. http://wiki.freebsd.org/PEFS
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