Create a User Screen/9.2
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The next screen, seen in Figure 3.6a, requires you to set the administrative password and to create at least one user account.
Figure 3.6a: Users Screen Allows you to Set Administrative Password and Create User Accounts
The system password, also known as the root, superuser, or administrative password, is required for system administration tasks such as installing server software, setting up your printer, or changing settings that affect all users. You will need to remember this password for the times that you are prompted for it. Use this screen to type in the password you want to use; it must be a minimum of 4 characters and you are required to type it in twice to confirm the password.
For security reasons, PC-BSD will not let you login as the root user; instead it will prompt you for the administrative password whenever it is needed to perform a system task. This means that you need to create a user account that you will use to login to your system. If you share your computer with other users, you should create an account for each user. That way, each user will have their own home directory where they can store their files and not interfere with the files created by other users.
To create a user, complete the following fields:
- Username: you need to remember this name as it is used to log in. It is case-sensitive, meaning you have to remember if you use any capitalization. It cannot contain any spaces.
- Full name: this name can contain spaces and is used as a description to help you remember who uses this user account.
- Password: you will need to type this in twice and it must be a minimum of 4 characters. If you or another user forget their password, see User Manager to learn how to reset the password.
- Shell: can be left as-is. This option is used by advanced users to choose their default shell when using a command prompt.
When you have filled in the information for the new user, click the +Add button and the user account should appear in the "User Accounts" field underneath. You can click a user name at any time and modify its details. If you need to modify a user's settings, highlight their entry, make your changes and click the Save Changes button. If you wish to delete a user, highlight their entry and click the -Remove button to prevent the user account from being created by the installation.
By default, PC-BSD will create a hostname for your computer. If you prefer to set the hostname yourself, click the "System Options" tab, shown in Figure 3.6b. Check the "Custom System Hostname" box, then input the name you wish to use. The hostname can not contain any spaces and must be unique on your network.
Figure 3.6b: System Options
Click the Next button when you are finished.