Difference between revisions of "Convert a FreeBSD System to PC-BSD®/9.2"

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{{NavHome|custompagename=Turn FreeBSD into PC-BSD{{r}}|custompagecategory={{PAGENAME}}}}
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== Introduction ==
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{{NavHeader|back=Install a Server |forward=Using a Rolling Release|custompagename=Convert a FreeBSD System to PC-BSD{{R}}|custompagecategory=Convert a FreeBSD System to PC-BSD{{RM}}}}</noinclude>
  
With the changeover to PKGNG as the backend in PC-BSD / TrueOS, it is now easier than ever to convert a FreeBSD system into a PC-BSD desktop or TrueOS server.  
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Beginning in February, 2013, the PC-BSD® utilities dealing with software installation and upgrades were converted to [https://wiki.freebsd.org/pkgng pkgng], FreeBSD's Next Generation package management tool. Part of this change included the creation of a custom PC-BSD® package repository which contains all of the packages that can be built using pkgng. Since the FreeBSD project does not yet have an official pkgng repository, FreeBSD users who wish to use pkgng are welcome to use the PC-BSD® package repository.
  
Our PKGNG repos can also be used by FreeBSD users who just want access to a full package repo, with frequent updates.  
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This package repository contains a custom package, called ''pcbsd-base'', which can be used to easily convert an existing FreeBSD installation into a PC-BSD® desktop. It also contains a custom package called ''trueos-base'' which can be used to convert an existing FreeBSD installation into a TrueOS® server. The converted desktop will contain all of the graphical utilities that come with PC-BSD® and the converted server will contain all of their command line equivalents.
  
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This section describes how to:
  
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* Configure a FreeBSD or PC-BSD® system to use the pkgng repository.
  
== Switching to our PKGNG repo ==
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* Convert a FreeBSD system to a PC-BSD® desktop.
  
On your FreeBSD system, jail, etc, you will first need to install the latest pkgng binaries, located in the ports tree under [http://www.freshports.org/ports-mgmt/pkg/ ports-mgmt/pkg]
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* Convert a FreeBSD system to a TrueOS® server.
  
After installing PKGNG, you'll probably want to run the command "'''pkg2ng'''" to import your existing packages.
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== Switching to the PC-BSD{{R}} pkgng Repository == <!--T:5-->
  
Next, you will need to setup access to the PC-BSD repository. Start by creating the file '''/usr/local/etc/pkg.conf''' to look like example below:
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If you are running PC-BSD® 9.1-RELEASE or FreeBSD 9.1, you will need to first install the {{citelink|url=http://www.freshports.org/ports-mgmt/pkg/|txt=port or package}}.
  
{{txtbox|box=packagesite: {{ftp}}mirrors.isc.org/pub/pcbsd/packages/9.1-RELEASE/amd64/
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After installing pkg, run the command '''pkg2ng''' to import your existing package database from the old format to the new pkgng format.
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Next, configure access to the PC-BSD® repository. Start by creating the file ''/usr/local/etc/pkg.conf'' with the following contents:
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{{txtbox|box=packagesite: {{ftp}}ftp.pcbsd.org/pub/mirror/packages/9.1-RELEASE/amd64
 
PUBKEY: /usr/local/etc/pkg-pubkey.cert
 
PUBKEY: /usr/local/etc/pkg-pubkey.cert
 
PKG_CACHEDIR: /usr/local/tmp}}
 
PKG_CACHEDIR: /usr/local/tmp}}
  
You will want to change the packagesite: variable to a particular [http://www.pcbsd.org/getmirrors.php?url=packages PC-BSD mirror] close to your location, and in addition change the 9.1-RELEASE / amd64 to the release / architecture you want to use. Click [http://www.pcbsd.org/getmirrors.php?url=packages here] to get a list of mirrors & package sets available.
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Note that the ''packagesite:'' variable should be changed to a PC-BSD® mirror close to your geographic location. Additionally, ''9.1-RELEASE'' and ''amd64'' can be changed to indicate the release version and architecture you want to use. Click [http://www.pcbsd.org/getmirrors.php?url=packages here] to get a list of the available mirrors and package sets.
  
Next you will need to download our repo's [http://trac.pcbsd.org/export/21629/pcbsd/current/src-sh/pc-extractoverlay/desktop-overlay/usr/local/etc/pkg-pubkey.cert public key cert file], and copy it to '''/usr/local/etc/pkg-pubkey.cert'''.
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Next, download the repository's [http://trac.pcbsd.org/export/780f3da562b72643c04b47a59d277102a09abbca/src-sh/pc-extractoverlay/desktop-overlay/usr/local/etc/pkg-pubkey.cert public key cert file], and copy it to ''/usr/local/etc/pkg-pubkey.cert''.
  
With this in place, you will probably want to start by updating your packages to the latest versions from the repo. You may do so by running the following command:
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The system is now configured and you now update your packages to the latest versions from the pkgng repository using the following command:
  
{{txtbox|box={{pound}} pkg upgrade -fy}}
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{{txtbox|box= '''pkg upgrade -fy'''}}
  
When that command finishes, you should be good to go! You may now use the '''pkg''' command normally to install / remove / upgrade packages from our repo.  
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Depending upon what is already installed, you may have to resolve some error messages in order to successfully upgrade all packages.
  
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To install and delete packages use the '''pkg''' command. This command differs in usage from the original package format version. You can learn more about how to use this command in [http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/pkgng-intro.html Section 5.5.3 of the FreeBSD Handbook].
  
== Converting to PC-BSD ==
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== Converting FreeBSD to a PC-BSD{{R}} Desktop == <!--T:16-->
  
With your initial repo setup complete, it is now easy to convert your system into a PC-BSD desktop using the following commands:
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Once the repository configuration is complete, it is now easy to convert a FreeBSD system into a PC-BSD® desktop using the following commands as the superuser:
  
{{txtbox|box={{pound}} pkg install -yf pcbsd-base
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{{pound}} rehash
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{{txtbox|box= '''pkg install -fy pcbsd-base'''
{{pound}} pbreg set /PC-BSD/SysType PCBSD
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'''rehash'''
{{pound}} pc-extractoverlay desktop
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'''pbreg set /PC-BSD/SysType PCBSD'''
{{pound}} pc-extractoverlay ports}}
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'''pc-extractoverlay desktop'''
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'''pc-extractoverlay ports'''}}
  
With these commands finished, you can now reboot and the GDM login manager will be started automatically bringing you to your desktop. If you want to run the PC-BSD display wizard / first boot wizards you can also trigger that before rebooting:
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Next, reboot the system and the PC-BSD® login manager will start, allowing you to login to the desktop. If you want the [Post Installation Configuration and Installation Troubleshooting |PC-BSD® display wizard and first boot wizards] to run first, run these commands before rebooting:
  
{{txtbox|box={{pound}} touch /var/.runxsetup
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{{pound}} touch /var/.pcbsd-firstboot
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{{txtbox|box= '''touch /var/.runxsetup'''
{{pound}} touch /var/.pcbsd-firstgui}}
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'''touch /var/.pcbsd-firstboot'''
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'''touch /var/.pcbsd-firstgui'''}}
  
If you are trying to convert a pre-release FreeBSD, such as 10-CURRENT, you may need to specify the PBI version of what to pull from.  
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If you are running FreeBSD 10-CURRENT, specify the PBI version to pull from. To do so, edit ''/usr/local/etc/pbi.conf'' and add this line:
To do so, edit '''/usr/local/etc/pbi.conf''' and add this line:
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PBI_FBSDMAJOR: 9
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{{txtbox|box=PBI_FBSDMAJOR: 9}}
 
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TIP!
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If you are using NVIDIA video hardware you may want to load their driver before rebooting into the display wizard:
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{{note|icon64= If you are using NVIDIA video hardware, load the driver before rebooting into the display wizard by running the command '''pc-metapkgmanager add NVIDIA'''.}}
  
{{txtbox|box={{pound}} pc-metapkgmanager add NVIDIA}}
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== Converting FreeBSD to a TrueOS{{R}} Server == <!--T:26-->
  
== Converting to TrueOS ==
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If you wish to convert a FreeBSD server to TrueOS®, use the following commands:
  
If you wish to convert your server into TrueOS you can quickly do so using the following commands:
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{{txtbox|box= '''pkg install -fy trueos-base'''
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'''rehash'''
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'''pbreg set /PC-BSD/SysType TRUEOS'''
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'''pc-extractoverlay server'''
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'''pc-extractoverlay ports'''}}
  
{{txtbox|box={{pound}} pkg install -yf trueos-base
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{{pound}} rehash
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The installation of the ''trueos-base'' package will install the following: [[PBI Manager]], the command line version of '''[[Warden®#Using the Command Line Version of Warden® | warden]]''', and the command line versions of most of the [[Control Panel]] utilities. You will find those utilities in ''/usr/local/bin/pc-*''. It also installs this {{citelink|url=http://trac.pcbsd.org/browser/pcbsd/branches/9.1/build-files/metapkgsets/warden/pkgset/base-system/ports-list|txt=list}} of additional shells and utilities.
{{pound}} pbreg set /PC-BSD/SysType TRUEOS
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</translate>
{{pound}} pc-extractoverlay server
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<noinclude>
{{pound}} pc-extractoverlay ports}}
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{{refheading}}
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[[category:Convert a FreeBSD System to PC-BSD®]]
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[[category:Advanced Installation Topics]]
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[[category:handbook]]
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<languages/>
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</noinclude>

Revision as of 20:44, 25 May 2013

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

Contents

Beginning in February, 2013, the PC-BSD® utilities dealing with software installation and upgrades were converted to pkgng, FreeBSD's Next Generation package management tool. Part of this change included the creation of a custom PC-BSD® package repository which contains all of the packages that can be built using pkgng. Since the FreeBSD project does not yet have an official pkgng repository, FreeBSD users who wish to use pkgng are welcome to use the PC-BSD® package repository.

This package repository contains a custom package, called pcbsd-base, which can be used to easily convert an existing FreeBSD installation into a PC-BSD® desktop. It also contains a custom package called trueos-base which can be used to convert an existing FreeBSD installation into a TrueOS® server. The converted desktop will contain all of the graphical utilities that come with PC-BSD® and the converted server will contain all of their command line equivalents.

This section describes how to:

  • Configure a FreeBSD or PC-BSD® system to use the pkgng repository.
  • Convert a FreeBSD system to a PC-BSD® desktop.
  • Convert a FreeBSD system to a TrueOS® server.

Switching to the PC-BSD® pkgng Repository

If you are running PC-BSD® 9.1-RELEASE or FreeBSD 9.1, you will need to first install the port or package[1].

After installing pkg, run the command pkg2ng to import your existing package database from the old format to the new pkgng format.

Next, configure access to the PC-BSD® repository. Start by creating the file /usr/local/etc/pkg.conf with the following contents:

packagesite: ftp://ftp.pcbsd.org/pub/mirror/packages/9.1-RELEASE/amd64

PUBKEY: /usr/local/etc/pkg-pubkey.cert

PKG_CACHEDIR: /usr/local/tmp

Note that the packagesite: variable should be changed to a PC-BSD® mirror close to your geographic location. Additionally, 9.1-RELEASE and amd64 can be changed to indicate the release version and architecture you want to use. Click here to get a list of the available mirrors and package sets.

Next, download the repository's public key cert file, and copy it to /usr/local/etc/pkg-pubkey.cert.

The system is now configured and you now update your packages to the latest versions from the pkgng repository using the following command:

pkg upgrade -fy

Depending upon what is already installed, you may have to resolve some error messages in order to successfully upgrade all packages.

To install and delete packages use the pkg command. This command differs in usage from the original package format version. You can learn more about how to use this command in Section 5.5.3 of the FreeBSD Handbook.

Converting FreeBSD to a PC-BSD® Desktop

Once the repository configuration is complete, it is now easy to convert a FreeBSD system into a PC-BSD® desktop using the following commands as the superuser:

pkg install -fy pcbsd-base

rehash pbreg set /PC-BSD/SysType PCBSD pc-extractoverlay desktop

pc-extractoverlay ports

Next, reboot the system and the PC-BSD® login manager will start, allowing you to login to the desktop. If you want the [Post Installation Configuration and Installation Troubleshooting |PC-BSD® display wizard and first boot wizards] to run first, run these commands before rebooting:

touch /var/.runxsetup

touch /var/.pcbsd-firstboot

touch /var/.pcbsd-firstgui

If you are running FreeBSD 10-CURRENT, specify the PBI version to pull from. To do so, edit /usr/local/etc/pbi.conf and add this line:

PBI_FBSDMAJOR: 9
NOTE: If you are using NVIDIA video hardware, load the driver before rebooting into the display wizard by running the command pc-metapkgmanager add NVIDIA.

Converting FreeBSD to a TrueOS® Server

If you wish to convert a FreeBSD server to TrueOS®, use the following commands:

pkg install -fy trueos-base

rehash pbreg set /PC-BSD/SysType TRUEOS pc-extractoverlay server

pc-extractoverlay ports

The installation of the trueos-base package will install the following: PBI Manager, the command line version of warden, and the command line versions of most of the Control Panel utilities. You will find those utilities in /usr/local/bin/pc-*. It also installs this list[2] of additional shells and utilities.

References


  1. http://www.freshports.org/ports-mgmt/pkg/
  2. http://trac.pcbsd.org/browser/pcbsd/branches/9.1/build-files/metapkgsets/warden/pkgset/base-system/ports-list
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