Burning the Installation Media/10.0
Once you have downloaded PC-BSD® and verified its checksum, burn the file to either a DVD or removable USB device. This section demonstrates how to do so using several different applications and operating systems.
Burning to DVD on a Windows System
Several burning applications are available for Windows. This section will demonstrate how to use Windows 7's Disc Image Burner, ImgBurn, and InfraRecorder.
Windows 7 Disc Image Burner
Windows 7 has built-in support for writing ISO images to disc. Right-click on the .iso file in Windows Explorer and select "Burn disk image" to open the screen shown in Figure 2.5a. Select the DVD device in the "Disk burner" drop-down menu and then click "Burn" to write the disc. See the Microsoft articlefor more detailed instructions.
is an open source burning application for both CDs and DVDs. Once installed, open InfraRecorder and click on the "Write Image" button shown in Figure 2.5b:
InfraRecorder will display a screen where you can browse to the location of the .iso file. Once selected, you will be presented with an options screen shown in Figure 2.5c:
You can accept the defaults and click "OK" to start the burn. When finished, the burner tray will open and a dialog box will appear indicating that the burning process has finished.
Burning to DVD on a BSD or Linux System
This section demonstrates how to burn the installation ISO on a Linux or BSD system using the following tools: K3B, Brasero, and growisofs.
is an easy-to-use graphical burning application for Linux and BSD systems. On a PC-BSD® system, it is installed with the KDE desktop. If KDE is installed, it can be run from any desktop by typing k3b.
To burn your ISO, launch K3B, browse to the location of the .iso file in the screen shown in Figure 2.5d and click Tools ➜ Burn Image... to see the screen in Figure 2.5e.
Click the "Start" button to burn the file. K3B will automatically eject the media once the burn is complete.
GNOME desktop. A PBI is also available within AppCafe®/10.0. To launch Brasero within GNOME, click Applications ➜ Multimedia ➜ Brasero and the dialog window shown in Figure 2.5f will be displayed. Alternately, type brasero from within any window manager.is an easy to use burning application included with the
Click Burn image to open the screen seen in Figure 2.5g. Use the Click here to select a disk image button to select your .iso file.
The name and size of your .iso file should appear and Brasero will indicate the size of the media. The lower portion of Figure 2.5g shows the menu that appears if you click on the "Properties" button. You can change these options if you wish, but the default settings are fine in most cases. When you are ready, click the "Burn" button and Brasero will burn your ISO.
If you are familiar with using the command line on a FreeBSD or PC-BSD® system, you can use the growisofs command line utility to burn the DVD. This utility is included with the dvd+rw-tools FreeBSD port which is installed by default on a PC-BSD® system. If that software is not yet installed on a FreeBSD system, issue this command as the superuser:
Depending upon the type of DVD burner hardware, you may have to configure the system to use it. If the device is ATAPI (i.e. not USB or SCSI), the ATAPI driver must be loaded. The superuser can issue this command:
If you just get your prompt back, the driver successfully loaded. If you get the message "kldload: cannot load atapicam: File exists", this means that the driver was already loaded. If the device is USB or SCSI, no additional drivers need to be loaded if you are running the generic FreeBSD kernel. After inserting the DVD media into the device, you can start the burn using this command:
If your device is not the first CD device, change the number 0 accordingly. If your ISO has a different name, substitute the correct name in the command shown above.
Burning to DVD on a Mac OS X System
To burn the ISO on a Mac OS X system, go to Finder ➜ Applications ➜ Utilities ➜ Disk Utility. With a blank media inserted into the burner, highlight the device representing the DVD writer and click the "Burn" button. This will open up a browser where you can select the ISO to burn.
Once the ISO is highlighted, click the "Burn" button. A pop-up message will indicate that the device is ready to burn. Click "Burn" once more and "Disk Utility" will write the ISO to the DVD media.
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Writing to a USB Device
To write to a USB device, you will need the following:
- a utility that can write the image to a USB media; the utility that you use will depend upon your operating system
- a USB thumb drive or hard drive large enough to hold the image
Once the image is written, boot from the removable device and proceed with the PC-BSD® installation.
Writing to USB on a BSD or Linux System
To write the .iso file to a flash card or removable USB drive on a BSD or Linux system, use the dd command line utility. On a FreeBSD system, the superuser can use this command to write the file to the first plugged in USB device:
When using the dd command:
- if= refers to the input file to be written; it should end with an .img extension
- of= refers to the output file (the device name of the flash card or removable USB drive); increment the number in the name if it is not the first USB device
- bs= refers to the block size
Writing to USB on a Windows System
To burn the image file on a Windows system, you can use. When downloading win32-image-writer, download the latest version that ends in -binary.zip and use a utility such as Windows Explorer or 7zip to unzip the executable.
If you launch win32-image-writer.exe, it will start the "Win32 Disk Imager" utility, shown in Figure 2.5i. Use the "Browse" button to browse to the location of the .img file. Insert a USB thumb drive and select its drive letter (in this example, drive D). Click the "Write" button and the image will be written to the USB thumb drive.
Writing to USB on a Mac OS X System
To burn the .iso file on Mac OS X, insert a USB stick and open Terminal. Run the diskutil list command to find out the device name of the USB disk, unmount the USB disk, then use dd to write the image to the raw disk (rdisk). In the following example, an 8GB USB stick has a device name of /dev/disk1 and a raw device name of /dev/rdisk1.
diskutil unmountDisk /dev/disk1 Unmount of all volumes on disk1 was successfulsudo dd if=/Users/dru/Downloads/PCBSD10.0-RELEASE-x64-DVD-USB.iso of=/dev/rdisk1 bs=4m Password: 3658+1 records in 3658+1 records out 3836317696 bytes transferred in 670.278574 secs (5723468 bytes/sec)