Difference between revisions of "Booting Into PC-BSD®/9.2/fr"

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Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.
 
Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.
  
The graphical PC-BSD® bootloader menu, is shown in Figure 4.1a.
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Once the first boot is complete, the installer will attempt to set the optimal display settings. A pop-up menu will ask if you would like to accept these settings. Simply click "Yes" to continue. PC-BSD® will then play a short video before proceeding to the first [[Language_Screen|post configuration]] screen. You can press Esc to skip the video. If you wish to watch the video at a later time, it is located in ''/usr/local/share/pcbsd/movies/''.  
  
[[File:Boot1a.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1a: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu''']]
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Read through the rest of this section if your system hangs at boot time or if you have problems setting the display settings. If you are dual booting and your other operating system was not automatically added to the graphical boot menu by the installer, refer to {{local|link=Dual Booting}}.
  
This menu is provided by GRUB and will show the installed operating systems and any previously created [[Multiple Boot Environments|boot environments]]. If you are familiar with editing GRUB, you can press ''e'' to access the GRUB editor or ''c'' to access the GRUB command line.
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===Interrupting the Boot to Access the Boot Menu===
  
{{Note|width=48%|icon64=if you are dual booting and your other operating system was not automatically added to GRUB by the installer, see [[Dual Booting]].}}
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By default, the graphical PC-BSD® bootloader menu shown in Figure 4.1a is not displayed at boot time.
  
Unless you press a key, this screen will pause for a few seconds then continue to boot PC-BSD®. If you wish to select a different operating system or specify how PC-BSD® boots, press a key to pause this screen. If multiple operating systems are available and you want to boot into PC-BSD®, make sure it is highlighted and press enter. This will load the boot options screen shown in Figure 4.1b.
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[[File:Boot1b.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1a: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu''']]
  
[[File:Boot2a.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1b: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu Options''']]
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This menu is used to display the installation of PC-BSD®, any boot environments created with [[Boot Manager]], and other operating systems installed on a dual-boot system.
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To access this menu, you have to be quick. As soon as the boot process starts and you see a "GRUB loading" message in the upper left corner, press Esc. After the system boots, you can increase the timer value in [[Boot Manager]] if you find that the boot delay is too quick.
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Once you access the graphical menu, it will pause for a few seconds then continue to boot PC-BSD®. If you wish to select a different operating system or specify how PC-BSD® boots, press a key to pause this screen. If multiple operating systems are available and you want to boot into PC-BSD®, make sure it is highlighted and press enter. This will load the PC-BSD® boot options screen shown in Figure 4.1b.
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[[File:Boot2b.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1b: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu Options''']]
  
 
The following boot options are available:
 
The following boot options are available:
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* '''Run the Display Wizard:''' if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.
 
* '''Run the Display Wizard:''' if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.
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* '''Run X in vesa mode:''' try this option if the screen goes black or the system freezes when booting into PC-BSD®.
  
 
Use the arrow keys to select an option then press enter to boot using that option.  
 
Use the arrow keys to select an option then press enter to boot using that option.  
  
Once the first boot is complete, the installer will attempt to set the optimal display settings. A pop-up menu will ask if you would like to accept these settings. Simply click "Yes" to continue. PC-BSD® will now play a short video. You can press Esc to skip the video and move on to the [[Language Screen | Language screen]] of the post-installation process.
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This menu is provided by GRUB. If you are familiar with editing GRUB, you can press ''e'' to access the GRUB editor or ''c'' to access the GRUB command line.
  
 
=== Si Votre Écran n'est Pas Détecté Automatiquement ===
 
=== Si Votre Écran n'est Pas Détecté Automatiquement ===
  
If you instead select "No" in the "Confirm Resolution" screen, or if for some reason the installer is unable to find the optimal display settings, you will instead see the "Display Settings" screen shown in Figure 4.1c:
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If the optimal display settings can not be determined during first boot, if you select “No”in the “Confirm Resolution” screen when asked to confirm the display settings, or if you select “Run the Display Wizard” from the boot menu, the “Display Settings” screen shown in Figure 4.1c will launch.
  
 
[[File:Display1.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1c: Display Settings Wizard''']]
 
[[File:Display1.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1c: Display Settings Wizard''']]
  
The settings in this screen are described in more detail in [[Display]]. If you wish to return to this display wizard at a later time, go to ''[[Control Panel]]'' ➜ ''[[Display]]''.
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The settings in this screen are described in more detail in {{local|link=Display}}. If you wish to return to this display wizard at a later time, go to ''{{local|link=Control Panel}}'' ➜ ''{{local|link=Display}}''.
  
 
If you change any display settings, click the "Apply" button for the settings to be tested. If anything goes wrong during testing, you will be taken back to the "Display Settings" screen so that you can try another setting. Once you are happy with the tested setting, click the "Yes" button to save the setting and to proceed.
 
If you change any display settings, click the "Apply" button for the settings to be tested. If anything goes wrong during testing, you will be taken back to the "Display Settings" screen so that you can try another setting. Once you are happy with the tested setting, click the "Yes" button to save the setting and to proceed.
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The fast boot script is controlled by these lines in ''/etc/rc.conf.pcbsd'':
 
The fast boot script is controlled by these lines in ''/etc/rc.conf.pcbsd'':
  
{{txtbox|box=fastboot_enable="YES"<br>fastboot_earlyrc="/etc/rc.d/moused /etc/rc.d/pefs /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus /usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm"}}
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{{txtbox|box=fastboot_enable="YES"<br />fastboot_earlyrc="/etc/rc.d/moused /etc/rc.d/pefs /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus /usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm"}}
  
 
The logfile ''/var/log/rc_delay.log'' shows the startup messages for the services which were started in delayed mode. If this log indicates that a delayed mode service is not starting correctly, become the superuser, copy the ''fastboot_earlyrc'' line to ''/etc/rc.conf'', remove that service from that line, and reboot to see if that fixes the problem.
 
The logfile ''/var/log/rc_delay.log'' shows the startup messages for the services which were started in delayed mode. If this log indicates that a delayed mode service is not starting correctly, become the superuser, copy the ''fastboot_earlyrc'' line to ''/etc/rc.conf'', remove that service from that line, and reboot to see if that fixes the problem.

Revision as of 10:19, 25 September 2013

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

Contents

Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.

Once the first boot is complete, the installer will attempt to set the optimal display settings. A pop-up menu will ask if you would like to accept these settings. Simply click "Yes" to continue. PC-BSD® will then play a short video before proceeding to the first post configuration screen. You can press Esc to skip the video. If you wish to watch the video at a later time, it is located in /usr/local/share/pcbsd/movies/.

Read through the rest of this section if your system hangs at boot time or if you have problems setting the display settings. If you are dual booting and your other operating system was not automatically added to the graphical boot menu by the installer, refer to Double démarrage.

Interrupting the Boot to Access the Boot Menu

By default, the graphical PC-BSD® bootloader menu shown in Figure 4.1a is not displayed at boot time.

Figure 4.1a: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu

This menu is used to display the installation of PC-BSD®, any boot environments created with Boot Manager, and other operating systems installed on a dual-boot system.

To access this menu, you have to be quick. As soon as the boot process starts and you see a "GRUB loading" message in the upper left corner, press Esc. After the system boots, you can increase the timer value in Boot Manager if you find that the boot delay is too quick.

Once you access the graphical menu, it will pause for a few seconds then continue to boot PC-BSD®. If you wish to select a different operating system or specify how PC-BSD® boots, press a key to pause this screen. If multiple operating systems are available and you want to boot into PC-BSD®, make sure it is highlighted and press enter. This will load the PC-BSD® boot options screen shown in Figure 4.1b.

Figure 4.1b: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu Options

The following boot options are available:

  • Normal Bootup: continues to boot PC-BSD®.
  • Single User Mode: advanced users can select this option to fix critical system failures.
  • Verbose Mode: select this option if you would like to see more detailed messages during the boot process. This can be useful if you are troubleshooting a piece of hardware.
  • Run the Display Wizard: if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.
  • Run X in vesa mode: try this option if the screen goes black or the system freezes when booting into PC-BSD®.

Use the arrow keys to select an option then press enter to boot using that option.

This menu is provided by GRUB. If you are familiar with editing GRUB, you can press e to access the GRUB editor or c to access the GRUB command line.

Si Votre Écran n'est Pas Détecté Automatiquement

If the optimal display settings can not be determined during first boot, if you select “No”in the “Confirm Resolution” screen when asked to confirm the display settings, or if you select “Run the Display Wizard” from the boot menu, the “Display Settings” screen shown in Figure 4.1c will launch.

Figure 4.1c: Display Settings Wizard

The settings in this screen are described in more detail in Affichage. If you wish to return to this display wizard at a later time, go to Panneau de contrôleAffichage.

If you change any display settings, click the "Apply" button for the settings to be tested. If anything goes wrong during testing, you will be taken back to the "Display Settings" screen so that you can try another setting. Once you are happy with the tested setting, click the "Yes" button to save the setting and to proceed.

Démarrage rapide

PC-BSD® uses a "fast boot" script to decrease the amount of time that it takes the system to boot to the login screen. When this script is enabled, which is the default, services are started in the background and the boot process does not wait for confirmation from each service as it starts. This is referred to as delayed mode.

The fast boot script is controlled by these lines in /etc/rc.conf.pcbsd:

fastboot_enable="YES"
fastboot_earlyrc="/etc/rc.d/moused /etc/rc.d/pefs /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus /usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm"

The logfile /var/log/rc_delay.log shows the startup messages for the services which were started in delayed mode. If this log indicates that a delayed mode service is not starting correctly, become the superuser, copy the fastboot_earlyrc line to /etc/rc.conf, remove that service from that line, and reboot to see if that fixes the problem.

If a faster boot time is not important to you and you prefer to watch each service as it starts at boot time, you can disable fast boot by adding fastboot_enable="NO" to /etc/rc.conf.

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