Difference between revisions of "Booting Into PC-BSD®/9.2/fr"

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Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.
 
Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.
  
Unless you unchecked the "Install bootable MBR" option in the advanced mode of the disk setup wizard, you will see a FreeBSD boot menu similar to this one when you first boot up:
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The graphical PC-BSD® bootloader menu, is shown in Figure 4.1a.
  
{{txtbox|pre|margin-bottom=5px|box=F1  FreeBSD
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[[File:Boot1a.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1a: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu''']]
F6  PXE
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Boot: F1
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|txt-text-align=justified|txt-padding-left=12px|txt=
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Your FreeBSD boot menu may vary if other operating systems are installed on the computer or if your system does not support PXE booting. By default, the computer will automatically boot into PC-BSD® (FreeBSD) after a few seconds unless you press another function key listed in the boot menu.}}
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{{note|align=right|width=66%|icon64=if another boot manager is installed on the system, see the section on [[Dual Booting]] for instructions on how to add a PC-BSD® entry to the GAG, GRUB, or EasyBCD boot menu programs.}}
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Après quelques secondes, le démarrage se poursuit et il vous sera présenté avec le menu de démmarage graphique de PC-BSD®, illustré à la Figure 4.1a.
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This menu is provided by GRUB and will show the installed operating systems and any previously created [[Multiple Boot Environments|boot environments]]. If you are familiar with editing GRUB, you can press ''e'' to access the GRUB editor or ''c'' to access the GRUB command line.
  
[[File:Boot1.jpeg|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1a: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu''']]
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{{Note|width=48%|icon64=if you are dual booting and your other operating system was not automatically added to GRUB by the installer, see [[Dual Booting]].}}
  
If you press any key, this screen will pause, allowing you to read and select the desired options. Otherwise, it will pause for a few seconds then continue to load PC-BSD® with the default options.
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Unless you press a key, this screen will pause for a few seconds then continue to boot PC-BSD®. If you wish to select a different operating system or specify how PC-BSD® boots, press a key to pause this screen. If multiple operating systems are available and you want to boot into PC-BSD®, make sure it is highlighted and press enter. This will load the boot options screen shown in Figure 4.1b.
  
There are 6 boot options and 4 actions to choose from:
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[[File:Boot2a.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1b: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu Options''']]
  
'''1 Disable ACPI:''' ACPI controls power management but may be problematic on some hardware. Select this option if you are unable to boot into PC-BSD®.
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The following boot options are available:
  
'''2 Enable Safe Mode:''' select this option if the installation hangs when probing your hardware. It will boot with a forced PIO mode (disabling the use of DMA), disable write caching for all IDE hard drives and CD ROM drives, disable the probing of EISA slots (as very few systems have them), and (on i386 systems) disable the use of ACPI and APICs.
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* '''Normal Bootup:''' continues to boot PC-BSD®.  
  
'''3 Enter single user mode:''' advanced users can use this option to fix critical system failures.
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* '''Single User Mode:''' advanced users can select this option to fix critical system failures.
  
'''4 Enable verbose logging:''' select this option if you would like to see more detailed messages during the boot process. This can be useful if you are troubleshooting a piece of hardware.
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* '''Verbose Mode:''' select this option if you would like to see more detailed messages during the boot process. This can be useful if you are troubleshooting a piece of hardware.
 
<noinclude>[[category:troubleshooting]]</noinclude> <!-- This category tag causes this page to be included -for referencing this topic -->
 
<noinclude>[[category:troubleshooting]]</noinclude> <!-- This category tag causes this page to be included -for referencing this topic -->
  
'''5 Run X in VESA mode:''' select this option if PC-BSD® is unable to load your video driver. PC-BSD® will default to VESA mode which should work on any system with a video card.
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* '''Run the Display Wizard:''' if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.
  
'''6 Run the Display Wizard:''' if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.
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Use the arrow keys to select an option then press enter to boot using that option.  
  
Press the number of an option to select that option. As you make a selection, the FreeBSD bobble-head icon will be filled in, indicating that that option has been selected. To de-select an option, press its number again.
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Once the first boot is complete, the installer will attempt to set the optimal display settings. A pop-up menu will ask if you would like to accept these settings. Simply click "Yes" to continue. PC-BSD® will now play a short video. You can press Esc to skip the video and move on to the [[Language Screen | Language screen]] of the post-installation process.
  
Once you have made your selection(s), you can choose from the following actions:
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=== Si Votre Écran n'est Pas Détecté Automatiquement ===
  
'''B Boot PC-BSD® with above options:''' starts PC-BSD® with the selected options enabled.
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If you instead select "No" in the "Confirm Resolution" screen, or if for some reason the installer is unable to find the optimal display settings, you will instead see the "Display Settings" screen shown in Figure 4.1c:
 
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'''D Restore default options:''' clears your selections.
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'''L Escape to loader prompt:''' advanced users can select this option to perform advanced operations, such as changing kernels or loading kernel modules. This prompt provides a limited set of commands which are described in the {{citelink|fbsdh|url=boot-blocks.html#BOOT-LOADER|txt=FreeBSD Handbook}}.
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'''R Reboot:''' reboots the computer.
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As the system continues to boot, the PC-BSD® splash screen will appear. If you prefer to watch the boot messages, press any key.
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=== If You Encrypted a Filesystem ===
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If you checked the box "Encrypt user data" during PC-BSD® installation, the boot process will pause, waiting for you to input your passphrase. Press enter at the splash screen so that you can see the message, similar to the one shown in Figure 4.1b, in order to type your passphrase.
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[[File:Encrypt.jpeg|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1b: Prompt to Enter Passphrase''']]
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A * should appear for each character that you type, so type slowly and make sure that each keystroke is accepted. If you do not enter the passphrase correctly, this message indicates that you should try again:
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{{txtbox|box=GEOM_ELI: Wrong key for ada01se. Tries left: 2.}}
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Once the correct passphrase is entered, you will see a message similar to the following and the boot sequence will proceed.
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{{txtbox|pre|box=
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GEOM_ELI: Device ada01se.eli created.
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GEOM_ELI: Encryption: AES-XTS 128
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GEOM_ELI: Crypto: software}}
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=== If Your Display is Not Automatically Detected ===
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Once the first boot is complete, the installer will attempt to set the optimal display settings. A pop-up menu will ask if you would like to accept these settings. Simply click "Yes" to continue. PC-BSD® will now play a short video. You can press Esc to skip the video and move on to the [[Language Screen | Language screen]] of the post-installation process.
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If you instead select "No", or if for some reason the installer is unable to find the optimal display settings, you will instead see the "Display Settings" screen shown in Figure 4.1c:
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[[File:Display1.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1c: Display Settings Wizard''']]
 
[[File:Display1.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1c: Display Settings Wizard''']]
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If you change any display settings, click the "Apply" button for the settings to be tested. If anything goes wrong during testing, you will be taken back to the "Display Settings" screen so that you can try another setting. Once you are happy with the tested setting, click the "Yes" button to save the setting and to proceed.
 
If you change any display settings, click the "Apply" button for the settings to be tested. If anything goes wrong during testing, you will be taken back to the "Display Settings" screen so that you can try another setting. Once you are happy with the tested setting, click the "Yes" button to save the setting and to proceed.
  
=== Fast Boot ===
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=== Démarrage rapide ===
  
 
PC-BSD® uses a "fast boot" script to decrease the amount of time that it takes the system to boot to the login screen. When this script is enabled, which is the default, services are started in the background and the boot process does not wait for confirmation from each service as it starts. This is referred to as delayed mode.
 
PC-BSD® uses a "fast boot" script to decrease the amount of time that it takes the system to boot to the login screen. When this script is enabled, which is the default, services are started in the background and the boot process does not wait for confirmation from each service as it starts. This is referred to as delayed mode.
  
The fast boot script is controlled by these lines in ''/etc/rc.conf'':
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The fast boot script is controlled by these lines in ''/etc/rc.conf.pcbsd'':
 
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{{txtbox|wrap|box=fastboot_enable="YES"
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fastboot_earlyrc="/etc/rc.d/netif /etc/rc.d/moused /etc/rc.d/dhclient /etc/rc.d/pf /etc/rc.d/routing /etc/rc.d/devd /usr/local/etc/rc.d/pefs /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus /usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm"}}
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* fastboot_enable - If set to YES, will only start the services listed in fastboot_earlyrc before showing a login prompt.
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* fastboot_earlyrc - List of service files to start before showing a login prompt. (Dependencies started automatically)
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* /var/log/rc_delay.log - Output of services started in the background
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The logfile ''/var/log/rc_delay.log'' shows the startup messages for the services which were started in delayed mode. If this log indicates that a delayed mode service is not starting correctly, become the superuser, remove the path to that service in the ''fastboot_earlyrc'' line of ''/etc/rc.conf'', and reboot to see if that fixes the problem.
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If a faster boot time is not important to you and you prefer to watch each service as it starts at boot time, you can disable fast boot by changing the ''"YES"'' to a ''"NO"'' in the ''fastboot_enable'' line of ''/etc/rc.conf''.
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These mods are contained in /etc/rc && /etc/rc.delay.
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=== Creating a Custom Boot Theme ===
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If you would like to change the image in the graphical boot loader, create a {{citelink|wp|url=PCX|txt=PCX}} image file. It is important that the file is saved in ''.pcx'' format as that is the only image format that the boot loader understands. Additionally, the image must be 640 x 480 pixels and 16 colors. The RGB colors that will be available in the menu text will be taken from the image's palette.
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The default PC-BSD® graphical boot theme is found in ''/boot/themes/default/''. To create your own theme, create a new directory in ''/boot/themes/'' (e.g. '''mkdir /boot/themes/mytheme''') and copy your PCX file to that new subdirectory.
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Next, copy ''/boot/themes/default/theme.conf'' to your new subdirectory. Open the copied file and edit this line to point to the location of your PCX file:
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{{txtbox|box=theme_background="/boot/themes/default/bglogo.pcx"}}
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You can change the theme's colors by editing the RGB values in this file. You can also change the font by modifying the ''theme_font'' path to point to the font to use. Finally, you can change the locations of the list of options and the actions menu. These are defined with the *_xy settings in the configuration file. The value must be two numbers which specify the X and Y coordinates in pixels, relative to the upper left corner.
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{{txtbox|box=fastboot_enable="YES"<br>fastboot_earlyrc="/etc/rc.d/moused /etc/rc.d/pefs /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus /usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm"}}
  
To enable your theme, modify this line in ''/boot/loader.conf'' to point to the location of your ''theme.conf'' file:
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The logfile ''/var/log/rc_delay.log'' shows the startup messages for the services which were started in delayed mode. If this log indicates that a delayed mode service is not starting correctly, become the superuser, copy the ''fastboot_earlyrc'' line to ''/etc/rc.conf'', remove that service from that line, and reboot to see if that fixes the problem.
  
{{txtbox|box=beastie_theme="/boot/themes/default/theme.conf"}}
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If a faster boot time is not important to you and you prefer to watch each service as it starts at boot time, you can disable fast boot by adding ''fastboot_enable="NO"'' to ''/etc/rc.conf''.
  
 
<noinclude>
 
<noinclude>
{{refheading}}
 
 
[[category:Booting Into PC-BSD®]]
 
[[category:Booting Into PC-BSD®]]
 
[[category:Post Installation Configuration and Installation Troubleshooting]]
 
[[category:Post Installation Configuration and Installation Troubleshooting]]

Revision as of 08:36, 29 July 2013

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

Contents

Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.

The graphical PC-BSD® bootloader menu, is shown in Figure 4.1a.

Figure 4.1a: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu

This menu is provided by GRUB and will show the installed operating systems and any previously created boot environments. If you are familiar with editing GRUB, you can press e to access the GRUB editor or c to access the GRUB command line.

NOTE: If you are dual booting and your other operating system was not automatically added to GRUB by the installer, see Dual Booting.

Unless you press a key, this screen will pause for a few seconds then continue to boot PC-BSD®. If you wish to select a different operating system or specify how PC-BSD® boots, press a key to pause this screen. If multiple operating systems are available and you want to boot into PC-BSD®, make sure it is highlighted and press enter. This will load the boot options screen shown in Figure 4.1b.

Figure 4.1b: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu Options

The following boot options are available:

  • Normal Bootup: continues to boot PC-BSD®.
  • Single User Mode: advanced users can select this option to fix critical system failures.
  • Verbose Mode: select this option if you would like to see more detailed messages during the boot process. This can be useful if you are troubleshooting a piece of hardware.
  • Run the Display Wizard: if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.

Use the arrow keys to select an option then press enter to boot using that option.

Once the first boot is complete, the installer will attempt to set the optimal display settings. A pop-up menu will ask if you would like to accept these settings. Simply click "Yes" to continue. PC-BSD® will now play a short video. You can press Esc to skip the video and move on to the Language screen of the post-installation process.

Si Votre Écran n'est Pas Détecté Automatiquement

If you instead select "No" in the "Confirm Resolution" screen, or if for some reason the installer is unable to find the optimal display settings, you will instead see the "Display Settings" screen shown in Figure 4.1c:

Figure 4.1c: Display Settings Wizard

The settings in this screen are described in more detail in Display. If you wish to return to this display wizard at a later time, go to Control PanelDisplay.

If you change any display settings, click the "Apply" button for the settings to be tested. If anything goes wrong during testing, you will be taken back to the "Display Settings" screen so that you can try another setting. Once you are happy with the tested setting, click the "Yes" button to save the setting and to proceed.

Démarrage rapide

PC-BSD® uses a "fast boot" script to decrease the amount of time that it takes the system to boot to the login screen. When this script is enabled, which is the default, services are started in the background and the boot process does not wait for confirmation from each service as it starts. This is referred to as delayed mode.

The fast boot script is controlled by these lines in /etc/rc.conf.pcbsd:

fastboot_enable="YES"
fastboot_earlyrc="/etc/rc.d/moused /etc/rc.d/pefs /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus /usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm"

The logfile /var/log/rc_delay.log shows the startup messages for the services which were started in delayed mode. If this log indicates that a delayed mode service is not starting correctly, become the superuser, copy the fastboot_earlyrc line to /etc/rc.conf, remove that service from that line, and reboot to see if that fixes the problem.

If a faster boot time is not important to you and you prefer to watch each service as it starts at boot time, you can disable fast boot by adding fastboot_enable="NO" to /etc/rc.conf.

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