Difference between revisions of "Booting Into PC-BSD®/9.2/fr"

From PC-BSD Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Created page with "=== Si Votre Écran n'est Pas Détecté Automatiquement ===")
(Updating to match new version of source page)
(11 intermediate revisions by one user not shown)
Line 3: Line 3:
  
 
Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.
 
Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.
 
Unless you unchecked the "Install bootable MBR" option in the advanced mode of the disk setup wizard, you will see a FreeBSD boot menu similar to this one when you first boot up:
 
 
{{txtbox|pre|margin-bottom=5px|box=F1  FreeBSD
 
F6  PXE
 
Boot: F1
 
|txt-text-align=justified|txt-padding-left=12px|txt=
 
Your FreeBSD boot menu may vary if other operating systems are installed on the computer or if your system does not support PXE booting. By default, the computer will automatically boot into PC-BSD® (FreeBSD) after a few seconds unless you press another function key listed in the boot menu.}}
 
{{note|align=right|width=66%|icon64=if another boot manager is installed on the system, see the section on [[Dual Booting]] for instructions on how to add a PC-BSD® entry to the GAG, GRUB, or EasyBCD boot menu programs.}}
 
  
 
Après quelques secondes, le démarrage se poursuit et il vous sera présenté avec le menu de démmarage graphique de PC-BSD®, illustré à la Figure 4.1a.
 
Après quelques secondes, le démarrage se poursuit et il vous sera présenté avec le menu de démmarage graphique de PC-BSD®, illustré à la Figure 4.1a.
Line 17: Line 8:
 
[[Fichier:Boot1.jpeg|thumb|400px|"'Figure 4.1a: Menu de démarrage graphique de PC-BSD®"']]
 
[[Fichier:Boot1.jpeg|thumb|400px|"'Figure 4.1a: Menu de démarrage graphique de PC-BSD®"']]
  
If you press any key, this screen will pause, allowing you to read and select the desired options. Otherwise, it will pause for a few seconds then continue to load PC-BSD® with the default options.
+
This menu is provided by GRUB and will show the installed operating systems and any previously created [[Multiple Boot Environments|boot environments]]. If you are familiar with editing GRUB, you can press ''e'' to access the GRUB editor or ''c'' to access the GRUB command line.
 +
 
 +
'''NOTE:''' if you are dual booting and your other operating system was not automatically added to GRUB by the installer, see [[Dual Booting]].
 +
 
 +
Unless you press a key, this screen will pause for a few seconds then continue to the screen shown in Figure 4.2a.
 +
 
 +
[[File:Boot2a.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1b: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu Options''']]
  
 
Il y a 6 options de démarrage et 4 actions à choisir parmi:
 
Il y a 6 options de démarrage et 4 actions à choisir parmi:
Line 30: Line 27:
 
<noinclude>[[category:troubleshooting]]</noinclude> <!-- This category tag causes this page to be included -for referencing this topic -->
 
<noinclude>[[category:troubleshooting]]</noinclude> <!-- This category tag causes this page to be included -for referencing this topic -->
  
'''5 Run X in VESA mode:''' select this option if PC-BSD® is unable to load your video driver. PC-BSD® will default to VESA mode which should work on any system with a video card.
+
"'5 lancer X en mode VESA:"", sélectionnez cette option si le PC-BSD® est incapable de charger votre pilote vidéo. PC-BSD® utilisera par défaut le mode VESA qui devrait fonctionner sur tout système doté d'une carte vidéo.
  
 
'''6 Run the Display Wizard:''' if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.
 
'''6 Run the Display Wizard:''' if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.
Line 46: Line 43:
 
'''R Redémarrage:''' redémarre l'ordinateur.
 
'''R Redémarrage:''' redémarre l'ordinateur.
  
As the system continues to boot, the PC-BSD® splash screen will appear. If you prefer to watch the boot messages, press any key.
+
Pendant que le système continue de démarrager, l'écran de démarrage de PC-BSD® apparaît. Si vous préférez regarder les messages du démarrage, appuyez sur n'importe quelle touche.
 
+
=== Si Vous avez Chiffré un système de fichiers ===
+
 
+
If you checked the box "Encrypt user data" during PC-BSD® installation, the boot process will pause, waiting for you to input your passphrase. Press enter at the splash screen so that you can see the message, similar to the one shown in Figure 4.1b, in order to type your passphrase.
+
 
+
[[File:Encrypt.jpeg|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1b: Prompt to Enter Passphrase''']]
+
 
+
A * should appear for each character that you type, so type slowly and make sure that each keystroke is accepted. If you do not enter the passphrase correctly, this message indicates that you should try again:
+
 
+
{{txtbox|box=GEOM_ELI: Mauvaise clé pour ada01se. Essais restants: 2.}}
+
 
+
Une fois le bon mot de passe entré, vous verrez un message semblable au suivant et la séquence de démarrage se poursuit.
+
 
+
{{txtbox|pre|box=
+
GEOM_ELI: Appareil ada01se.eli créé.
+
GEOM_ELI: Chiffrement: AES-XTS 128
+
GEOM_ELI: Crypto: logiciel}}
+
  
 
=== Si Votre Écran n'est Pas Détecté Automatiquement ===
 
=== Si Votre Écran n'est Pas Détecté Automatiquement ===
Line 69: Line 49:
 
Once the first boot is complete, the installer will attempt to set the optimal display settings. A pop-up menu will ask if you would like to accept these settings. Simply click "Yes" to continue. PC-BSD® will now play a short video. You can press Esc to skip the video and move on to the [[Language Screen | Language screen]] of the post-installation process.
 
Once the first boot is complete, the installer will attempt to set the optimal display settings. A pop-up menu will ask if you would like to accept these settings. Simply click "Yes" to continue. PC-BSD® will now play a short video. You can press Esc to skip the video and move on to the [[Language Screen | Language screen]] of the post-installation process.
  
If you instead select "No", or if for some reason the installer is unable to find the optimal display settings, you will instead see the "Display Settings" screen shown in Figure 4.1c:
+
If you instead select "No", or if for some reason the installer is unable to find the optimal display settings, you will instead see the "Display Settings" screen shown in Figure 4.1b:
  
[[File:Display1.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1c: Display Settings Wizard''']]
+
[[File:Display1.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1b: Display Settings Wizard''']]
  
 
The settings in this screen are described in more detail in [[Display]]. If you wish to return to this display wizard at a later time, go to ''[[Control Panel]]'' ➜ ''[[Display]]''.
 
The settings in this screen are described in more detail in [[Display]]. If you wish to return to this display wizard at a later time, go to ''[[Control Panel]]'' ➜ ''[[Display]]''.
Line 77: Line 57:
 
If you change any display settings, click the "Apply" button for the settings to be tested. If anything goes wrong during testing, you will be taken back to the "Display Settings" screen so that you can try another setting. Once you are happy with the tested setting, click the "Yes" button to save the setting and to proceed.
 
If you change any display settings, click the "Apply" button for the settings to be tested. If anything goes wrong during testing, you will be taken back to the "Display Settings" screen so that you can try another setting. Once you are happy with the tested setting, click the "Yes" button to save the setting and to proceed.
  
=== Fast Boot ===
+
=== Démarrage rapide ===
  
 
PC-BSD® uses a "fast boot" script to decrease the amount of time that it takes the system to boot to the login screen. When this script is enabled, which is the default, services are started in the background and the boot process does not wait for confirmation from each service as it starts. This is referred to as delayed mode.
 
PC-BSD® uses a "fast boot" script to decrease the amount of time that it takes the system to boot to the login screen. When this script is enabled, which is the default, services are started in the background and the boot process does not wait for confirmation from each service as it starts. This is referred to as delayed mode.
  
The fast boot script is controlled by these lines in ''/etc/rc.conf'':
+
Le script de démarrage rapide est contrôlé par ces lignes du fichier "/etc/rc.conf":
  
 
{{txtbox|wrap|box=fastboot_enable="YES"
 
{{txtbox|wrap|box=fastboot_enable="YES"
 
fastboot_earlyrc="/etc/rc.d/netif /etc/rc.d/moused /etc/rc.d/dhclient /etc/rc.d/pf /etc/rc.d/routing /etc/rc.d/devd /usr/local/etc/rc.d/pefs /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus /usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm"}}
 
fastboot_earlyrc="/etc/rc.d/netif /etc/rc.d/moused /etc/rc.d/dhclient /etc/rc.d/pf /etc/rc.d/routing /etc/rc.d/devd /usr/local/etc/rc.d/pefs /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus /usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm"}}
  
* fastboot_enable - If set to YES, will only start the services listed in fastboot_earlyrc before showing a login prompt.
+
* fastboot_enable - Si défini à OUI, ne commenceront que les services énumérés dans le fastboot_earlyrc avant l'affichage d'une invite de connexion.
  
 
* fastboot_earlyrc - List of service files to start before showing a login prompt. (Dependencies started automatically)
 
* fastboot_earlyrc - List of service files to start before showing a login prompt. (Dependencies started automatically)
  
* /var/log/rc_delay.log - Output of services started in the background
+
* /var/log/rc_delay.log - le lancement de services a commencé à l'arrière-plan
  
 
The logfile ''/var/log/rc_delay.log'' shows the startup messages for the services which were started in delayed mode. If this log indicates that a delayed mode service is not starting correctly, become the superuser, remove the path to that service in the ''fastboot_earlyrc'' line of ''/etc/rc.conf'', and reboot to see if that fixes the problem.
 
The logfile ''/var/log/rc_delay.log'' shows the startup messages for the services which were started in delayed mode. If this log indicates that a delayed mode service is not starting correctly, become the superuser, remove the path to that service in the ''fastboot_earlyrc'' line of ''/etc/rc.conf'', and reboot to see if that fixes the problem.
Line 96: Line 76:
 
If a faster boot time is not important to you and you prefer to watch each service as it starts at boot time, you can disable fast boot by changing the ''"YES"'' to a ''"NO"'' in the ''fastboot_enable'' line of ''/etc/rc.conf''.
 
If a faster boot time is not important to you and you prefer to watch each service as it starts at boot time, you can disable fast boot by changing the ''"YES"'' to a ''"NO"'' in the ''fastboot_enable'' line of ''/etc/rc.conf''.
  
These mods are contained in /etc/rc && /etc/rc.delay.
+
Ces variations sont contenues dans /etc/rc && /etc/rc.delay.
  
=== Creating a Custom Boot Theme ===
+
=== Création d'un Thème de Démarrage Personnalisé ===
  
 
If you would like to change the image in the graphical boot loader, create a {{citelink|wp|url=PCX|txt=PCX}} image file. It is important that the file is saved in ''.pcx'' format as that is the only image format that the boot loader understands. Additionally, the image must be 640 x 480 pixels and 16 colors. The RGB colors that will be available in the menu text will be taken from the image's palette.
 
If you would like to change the image in the graphical boot loader, create a {{citelink|wp|url=PCX|txt=PCX}} image file. It is important that the file is saved in ''.pcx'' format as that is the only image format that the boot loader understands. Additionally, the image must be 640 x 480 pixels and 16 colors. The RGB colors that will be available in the menu text will be taken from the image's palette.
Line 104: Line 84:
 
The default PC-BSD® graphical boot theme is found in ''/boot/themes/default/''. To create your own theme, create a new directory in ''/boot/themes/'' (e.g. '''mkdir /boot/themes/mytheme''') and copy your PCX file to that new subdirectory.
 
The default PC-BSD® graphical boot theme is found in ''/boot/themes/default/''. To create your own theme, create a new directory in ''/boot/themes/'' (e.g. '''mkdir /boot/themes/mytheme''') and copy your PCX file to that new subdirectory.
  
Next, copy ''/boot/themes/default/theme.conf'' to your new subdirectory. Open the copied file and edit this line to point to the location of your PCX file:
+
Ensuite, copiez "/boot/themes/default/theme.conf" dans votre nouveau sous-répertoire. Ouvrez le fichier copié et modifier cette ligne pour pointer vers l'emplacement de votre fichier PCX:
  
 
{{txtbox|box=theme_background="/boot/themes/default/bglogo.pcx"}}
 
{{txtbox|box=theme_background="/boot/themes/default/bglogo.pcx"}}
Line 110: Line 90:
 
You can change the theme's colors by editing the RGB values in this file. You can also change the font by modifying the ''theme_font'' path to point to the font to use. Finally, you can change the locations of the list of options and the actions menu.  These are defined with the *_xy settings in the configuration file. The value must be two numbers which specify the X and Y coordinates in pixels, relative to the upper left corner.
 
You can change the theme's colors by editing the RGB values in this file. You can also change the font by modifying the ''theme_font'' path to point to the font to use. Finally, you can change the locations of the list of options and the actions menu.  These are defined with the *_xy settings in the configuration file. The value must be two numbers which specify the X and Y coordinates in pixels, relative to the upper left corner.
  
To enable your theme, modify this line in ''/boot/loader.conf'' to point to the location of your ''theme.conf'' file:
+
Pour activer votre thème, modifiez cette ligne dans "/boot/loader.conf" pour pointer vers l'emplacement de votre fichier "theme.conf":
  
 
{{txtbox|box=beastie_theme="/boot/themes/default/theme.conf"}}
 
{{txtbox|box=beastie_theme="/boot/themes/default/theme.conf"}}

Revision as of 08:58, 1 July 2013

(Sorry for the inconvenience)

Contents

Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.

Après quelques secondes, le démarrage se poursuit et il vous sera présenté avec le menu de démmarage graphique de PC-BSD®, illustré à la Figure 4.1a.

thumb|400px|"'Figure 4.1a: Menu de démarrage graphique de PC-BSD®"'

This menu is provided by GRUB and will show the installed operating systems and any previously created boot environments. If you are familiar with editing GRUB, you can press e to access the GRUB editor or c to access the GRUB command line.

NOTE: if you are dual booting and your other operating system was not automatically added to GRUB by the installer, see Dual Booting.

Unless you press a key, this screen will pause for a few seconds then continue to the screen shown in Figure 4.2a.

Figure 4.1b: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu Options

Il y a 6 options de démarrage et 4 actions à choisir parmi:

1 Disable ACPI: ACPI controls power management but may be problematic on some hardware. Select this option if you are unable to boot into PC-BSD®.

2 Enable Safe Mode: select this option if the installation hangs when probing your hardware. It will boot with a forced PIO mode (disabling the use of DMA), disable write caching for all IDE hard drives and CD ROM drives, disable the probing of EISA slots (as very few systems have them), and (on i386 systems) disable the use of ACPI and APICs.

3 Enter single user mode: advanced users can use this option to fix critical system failures.

4 Enable verbose logging: select this option if you would like to see more detailed messages during the boot process. This can be useful if you are troubleshooting a piece of hardware.

"'5 lancer X en mode VESA:"", sélectionnez cette option si le PC-BSD® est incapable de charger votre pilote vidéo. PC-BSD® utilisera par défaut le mode VESA qui devrait fonctionner sur tout système doté d'une carte vidéo.

6 Run the Display Wizard: if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.

Press the number of an option to select that option. As you make a selection, the FreeBSD bobble-head icon will be filled in, indicating that that option has been selected. To de-select an option, press its number again.

Une fois que vous avez fait votre sélection(s), vous pouvez choisir l'une des actions suivantes:

B Démarrage de PC-BSD® avec les options ci-dessus: lancement de PC-BSD® avec les options sélectionnées activé.

D Restaurer les options par défaut: efface vos sélections.

L Escape to loader prompt: advanced users can select this option to perform advanced operations, such as changing kernels or loading kernel modules. This prompt provides a limited set of commands which are described in the FreeBSD Handbook[1].

R Redémarrage: redémarre l'ordinateur.

Pendant que le système continue de démarrager, l'écran de démarrage de PC-BSD® apparaît. Si vous préférez regarder les messages du démarrage, appuyez sur n'importe quelle touche.

Si Votre Écran n'est Pas Détecté Automatiquement

Once the first boot is complete, the installer will attempt to set the optimal display settings. A pop-up menu will ask if you would like to accept these settings. Simply click "Yes" to continue. PC-BSD® will now play a short video. You can press Esc to skip the video and move on to the Language screen of the post-installation process.

If you instead select "No", or if for some reason the installer is unable to find the optimal display settings, you will instead see the "Display Settings" screen shown in Figure 4.1b:

Figure 4.1b: Display Settings Wizard

The settings in this screen are described in more detail in Display. If you wish to return to this display wizard at a later time, go to Control PanelDisplay.

If you change any display settings, click the "Apply" button for the settings to be tested. If anything goes wrong during testing, you will be taken back to the "Display Settings" screen so that you can try another setting. Once you are happy with the tested setting, click the "Yes" button to save the setting and to proceed.

Démarrage rapide

PC-BSD® uses a "fast boot" script to decrease the amount of time that it takes the system to boot to the login screen. When this script is enabled, which is the default, services are started in the background and the boot process does not wait for confirmation from each service as it starts. This is referred to as delayed mode.

Le script de démarrage rapide est contrôlé par ces lignes du fichier "/etc/rc.conf":

fastboot_enable="YES" fastboot_earlyrc="/etc/rc.d/netif /etc/rc.d/moused /etc/rc.d/dhclient /etc/rc.d/pf /etc/rc.d/routing /etc/rc.d/devd /usr/local/etc/rc.d/pefs /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus /usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm"
  • fastboot_enable - Si défini à OUI, ne commenceront que les services énumérés dans le fastboot_earlyrc avant l'affichage d'une invite de connexion.
  • fastboot_earlyrc - List of service files to start before showing a login prompt. (Dependencies started automatically)
  • /var/log/rc_delay.log - le lancement de services a commencé à l'arrière-plan

The logfile /var/log/rc_delay.log shows the startup messages for the services which were started in delayed mode. If this log indicates that a delayed mode service is not starting correctly, become the superuser, remove the path to that service in the fastboot_earlyrc line of /etc/rc.conf, and reboot to see if that fixes the problem.

If a faster boot time is not important to you and you prefer to watch each service as it starts at boot time, you can disable fast boot by changing the "YES" to a "NO" in the fastboot_enable line of /etc/rc.conf.

Ces variations sont contenues dans /etc/rc && /etc/rc.delay.

Création d'un Thème de Démarrage Personnalisé

If you would like to change the image in the graphical boot loader, create a PCX[2] image file. It is important that the file is saved in .pcx format as that is the only image format that the boot loader understands. Additionally, the image must be 640 x 480 pixels and 16 colors. The RGB colors that will be available in the menu text will be taken from the image's palette.

The default PC-BSD® graphical boot theme is found in /boot/themes/default/. To create your own theme, create a new directory in /boot/themes/ (e.g. mkdir /boot/themes/mytheme) and copy your PCX file to that new subdirectory.

Ensuite, copiez "/boot/themes/default/theme.conf" dans votre nouveau sous-répertoire. Ouvrez le fichier copié et modifier cette ligne pour pointer vers l'emplacement de votre fichier PCX:

theme_background="/boot/themes/default/bglogo.pcx"

You can change the theme's colors by editing the RGB values in this file. You can also change the font by modifying the theme_font path to point to the font to use. Finally, you can change the locations of the list of options and the actions menu. These are defined with the *_xy settings in the configuration file. The value must be two numbers which specify the X and Y coordinates in pixels, relative to the upper left corner.

Pour activer votre thème, modifiez cette ligne dans "/boot/loader.conf" pour pointer vers l'emplacement de votre fichier "theme.conf":

beastie_theme="/boot/themes/default/theme.conf"


References


  1. http://www.freebsd.org/doc/fr/books/handbook/boot-blocks.html#BOOT-LOADER
  2. http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/PCX
Other languages:German 10% • ‎English 100% • ‎French 45% • ‎Ukrainian 10%
Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox