Difference between revisions of "Booting Into PC-BSD®/9.2/fr"

From PC-BSD Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Created page with "Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.")
(Created page with "{{UseTOC{{putVers}}|Nav|Démarrer sur PC-BSD{{r}}}}</noinclude>")
 
(45 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
<noinclude>
 
<noinclude>
{{NavHeader|back=Post Installation Configuration and Installation Troubleshooting|forward=Language Screen|custompagename=Booting Into PC-BSD{{r}}|custompagecategory={{PAGENAME}}}}</noinclude>
+
{{UseTOC{{putVers}}|Nav|Démarrer sur PC-BSD{{r}}}}</noinclude>
  
 
Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.
 
Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.
 +
[[File:Boot1b.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1a: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu''']]
  
Unless you unchecked the "Install bootable MBR" option in the advanced mode of the disk setup wizard, you will see a FreeBSD boot menu similar to this one when you first boot up:
+
Once the first boot is complete, the installer will attempt to set the optimal display settings. A pop-up menu will ask if you would like to accept these settings. Simply click "Yes" to continue. PC-BSD® will then play a short video before proceeding to the first {{local|link=Language_Screen|post configuration}} screen. You can press Esc to skip the video. If you wish to watch the video at a later time, it is located in ''/usr/local/share/pcbsd/movies/''.
  
{{txtbox|pre|margin-bottom=5px|box=F1  FreeBSD
+
Read through the rest of this section if your system hangs at boot time or if you have problems setting the display settings. If you are dual booting and your other operating system was not automatically added to the graphical boot menu by the installer, refer to {{local|link=Dual Booting}}.
F6  PXE
+
Boot: F1
+
|txt-text-align=justified|txt-padding-left=12px|txt=
+
Your FreeBSD boot menu may vary if other operating systems are installed on the computer or if your system does not support PXE booting. By default, the computer will automatically boot into PC-BSD® (FreeBSD) after a few seconds unless you press another function key listed in the boot menu.}}
+
{{note|align=right|width=66%|icon64=if another boot manager is installed on the system, see the section on [[Dual Booting]] for instructions on how to add a PC-BSD® entry to the GAG, GRUB, or EasyBCD boot menu programs.}}
+
  
After a few seconds, the boot should continue and you will be presented with the graphical PC-BSD® boot menu, shown in Figure 4.1a.
+
===Interrompre le démarrage pour accéder au menu de démarrage===
  
[[File:Boot1.jpeg|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1a: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu''']]
+
Par défaut, le menu de chargement de démarrage de PC-BSD® vu en figure 4.1a n'est pas affiché au démarrage.
  
If you press any key, this screen will pause, allowing you to read and select the desired options. Otherwise, it will pause for a few seconds then continue to load PC-BSD® with the default options.
+
This menu is used to display the installation of PC-BSD®, any boot environments created with {{local|link=Boot Manager}}, and other operating systems installed on a dual-boot system.
  
There are 6 boot options and 4 actions to choose from:
+
To access this menu, you have to be quick. As soon as the boot process starts and you see a "GRUB loading" message in the upper left corner, press Esc. After the system boots, you can increase the timer value in {{local|link=Boot Manager}} if you find that the boot delay is too quick.[[File:Boot2b.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1b: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu Options''']]
  
'''1 Disable ACPI:''' ACPI controls power management but may be problematic on some hardware. Select this option if you are unable to boot into PC-BSD®.
+
Once you access the graphical menu, it will pause for a few seconds then continue to boot PC-BSD®. If you wish to select a different operating system or specify how PC-BSD® boots, press a key to pause this screen. If multiple operating systems are available and you want to boot into PC-BSD®, make sure it is highlighted and press enter. This will load the PC-BSD® boot options screen shown in Figure 4.1b.
  
'''2 Enable Safe Mode:''' select this option if the installation hangs when probing your hardware. It will boot with a forced PIO mode (disabling the use of DMA), disable write caching for all IDE hard drives and CD ROM drives, disable the probing of EISA slots (as very few systems have them), and (on i386 systems) disable the use of ACPI and APICs.
+
Les options de démarrage possible sont les suivantes:
  
'''3 Enter single user mode:''' advanced users can use this option to fix critical system failures.
+
* '''Normal Bootup:''' continues to boot PC-BSD®.  
  
'''4 Enable verbose logging:''' select this option if you would like to see more detailed messages during the boot process. This can be useful if you are troubleshooting a piece of hardware.
+
* '''Single User Mode:''' advanced users can select this option to fix critical system failures.
 +
 
 +
* '''Verbose Mode:''' select this option if you would like to see more detailed messages during the boot process. This can be useful if you are troubleshooting a piece of hardware.
 
<noinclude>[[category:troubleshooting]]</noinclude> <!-- This category tag causes this page to be included -for referencing this topic -->
 
<noinclude>[[category:troubleshooting]]</noinclude> <!-- This category tag causes this page to be included -for referencing this topic -->
  
'''5 Run X in VESA mode:''' select this option if PC-BSD® is unable to load your video driver. PC-BSD® will default to VESA mode which should work on any system with a video card.
+
* '''Run the Display Wizard:''' if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.
  
'''6 Run the Display Wizard:''' if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.
+
* '''Lancer X en mode vesa:''' Essayez cette option si l'écran devient noir ou le système se bloque lors du démarrage de PC-BSD®.
  
Press the number of an option to select that option. As you make a selection, the FreeBSD bobble-head icon will be filled in, indicating that that option has been selected. To de-select an option, press its number again.
+
Utilisez les touches fléchées pour sélectionner une option puis appuyez sur entrée pour démarrer en utilisant cette option.  
  
Once you have made your selection(s), you can choose from the following actions:
+
This menu is provided by GRUB. If you are familiar with editing GRUB, you can press ''e'' to access the GRUB editor or ''c'' to access the GRUB command line.[[File:Display1.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1c: Display Settings Wizard''']]
  
'''B Boot PC-BSD® with above options:''' starts PC-BSD® with the selected options enabled.
+
=== Si Votre Écran n'est Pas Détecté Automatiquement ===
  
'''D Restore default options:''' clears your selections.
+
If the optimal display settings can not be determined during first boot, if you select “No” in the “Confirm Resolution” screen when asked to confirm the display settings, or if you select “Run the Display Wizard” from the boot menu, the “Display Settings” screen shown in Figure 4.1c will launch.
  
'''L Escape to loader prompt:''' advanced users can select this option to perform advanced operations, such as changing kernels or loading kernel modules. This prompt provides a limited set of commands which are described in the {{citelink|fbsdh|url=boot-blocks.html#BOOT-LOADER|txt=FreeBSD Handbook}}.
+
The settings in this screen are described in more detail in {{local|link=Display}}. If you wish to return to this display wizard at a later time, go to {{traverse|Control Panel|Display|here=Display}}.
 
+
'''R Reboot:''' reboots the computer.
+
 
+
As the system continues to boot, the PC-BSD® splash screen will appear. If you prefer to watch the boot messages, press any key.
+
 
+
=== If You Encrypted a Filesystem ===
+
 
+
If you checked the box "Encrypt user data" during PC-BSD® installation, the boot process will pause, waiting for you to input your passphrase. Press enter at the splash screen so that you can see the message, similar to the one shown in Figure 4.1b, in order to type your passphrase.
+
 
+
[[File:Encrypt.jpeg|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1b: Prompt to Enter Passphrase''']]
+
 
+
A * should appear for each character that you type, so type slowly and make sure that each keystroke is accepted. If you do not enter the passphrase correctly, this message indicates that you should try again:
+
 
+
{{txtbox|box=GEOM_ELI: Wrong key for ada01se. Tries left: 2.}}
+
 
+
Once the correct passphrase is entered, you will see a message similar to the following and the boot sequence will proceed.
+
 
+
{{txtbox|pre|box=
+
GEOM_ELI: Device ada01se.eli created.
+
GEOM_ELI: Encryption: AES-XTS 128
+
GEOM_ELI: Crypto: software}}
+
 
+
=== If Your Display is Not Automatically Detected ===
+
 
+
Once the first boot is complete, the installer will attempt to set the optimal display settings. A pop-up menu will ask if you would like to accept these settings. Simply click "Yes" to continue. PC-BSD® will now play a short video. You can press Esc to skip the video and move on to the [[Language Screen | Language screen]] of the post-installation process.
+
 
+
If you instead select "No", or if for some reason the installer is unable to find the optimal display settings, you will instead see the "Display Settings" screen shown in Figure 4.1c:
+
 
+
[[File:Display1.png|thumb|400px|'''Figure 4.1c: Display Settings Wizard''']]
+
 
+
The settings in this screen are described in more detail in [[Display]]. If you wish to return to this display wizard at a later time, go to ''[[Control Panel]]'' ➜ ''[[Display]]''.
+
  
 
If you change any display settings, click the "Apply" button for the settings to be tested. If anything goes wrong during testing, you will be taken back to the "Display Settings" screen so that you can try another setting. Once you are happy with the tested setting, click the "Yes" button to save the setting and to proceed.
 
If you change any display settings, click the "Apply" button for the settings to be tested. If anything goes wrong during testing, you will be taken back to the "Display Settings" screen so that you can try another setting. Once you are happy with the tested setting, click the "Yes" button to save the setting and to proceed.
  
=== Fast Boot ===
+
=== Démarrage rapide ===
  
 
PC-BSD® uses a "fast boot" script to decrease the amount of time that it takes the system to boot to the login screen. When this script is enabled, which is the default, services are started in the background and the boot process does not wait for confirmation from each service as it starts. This is referred to as delayed mode.
 
PC-BSD® uses a "fast boot" script to decrease the amount of time that it takes the system to boot to the login screen. When this script is enabled, which is the default, services are started in the background and the boot process does not wait for confirmation from each service as it starts. This is referred to as delayed mode.
  
The fast boot script is controlled by these lines in ''/etc/rc.conf'':
+
Le script de démarrage rapide est contrôlé par les lignes suivantes du fichier "/etc/rc.conf":
  
 
{{txtbox|wrap|box=fastboot_enable="YES"
 
{{txtbox|wrap|box=fastboot_enable="YES"
 
fastboot_earlyrc="/etc/rc.d/netif /etc/rc.d/moused /etc/rc.d/dhclient /etc/rc.d/pf /etc/rc.d/routing /etc/rc.d/devd /usr/local/etc/rc.d/pefs /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus /usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm"}}
 
fastboot_earlyrc="/etc/rc.d/netif /etc/rc.d/moused /etc/rc.d/dhclient /etc/rc.d/pf /etc/rc.d/routing /etc/rc.d/devd /usr/local/etc/rc.d/pefs /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus /usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm"}}
  
* fastboot_enable - If set to YES, will only start the services listed in fastboot_earlyrc before showing a login prompt.
+
The logfile ''/var/log/rc_delay.log'' shows the startup messages for the services which were started in delayed mode. If this log indicates that a delayed mode service is not starting correctly, become the superuser, copy the ''fastboot_earlyrc'' line to ''/etc/rc.conf'', remove that service from that line, and reboot to see if that fixes the problem.
 
+
* fastboot_earlyrc - List of service files to start before showing a login prompt. (Dependencies started automatically)
+
 
+
* /var/log/rc_delay.log - Output of services started in the background
+
 
+
The logfile ''/var/log/rc_delay.log'' shows the startup messages for the services which were started in delayed mode. If this log indicates that a delayed mode service is not starting correctly, become the superuser, remove the path to that service in the ''fastboot_earlyrc'' line of ''/etc/rc.conf'', and reboot to see if that fixes the problem.
+
 
+
If a faster boot time is not important to you and you prefer to watch each service as it starts at boot time, you can disable fast boot by changing the ''"YES"'' to a ''"NO"'' in the ''fastboot_enable'' line of ''/etc/rc.conf''.
+
 
+
These mods are contained in /etc/rc && /etc/rc.delay.
+
 
+
=== Creating a Custom Boot Theme ===
+
 
+
If you would like to change the image in the graphical boot loader, create a {{citelink|wp|url=PCX|txt=PCX}} image file. It is important that the file is saved in ''.pcx'' format as that is the only image format that the boot loader understands. Additionally, the image must be 640 x 480 pixels and 16 colors. The RGB colors that will be available in the menu text will be taken from the image's palette.
+
 
+
The default PC-BSD® graphical boot theme is found in ''/boot/themes/default/''. To create your own theme, create a new directory in ''/boot/themes/'' (e.g. '''mkdir /boot/themes/mytheme''') and copy your PCX file to that new subdirectory.
+
 
+
Next, copy ''/boot/themes/default/theme.conf'' to your new subdirectory. Open the copied file and edit this line to point to the location of your PCX file:
+
 
+
{{txtbox|box=theme_background="/boot/themes/default/bglogo.pcx"}}
+
 
+
You can change the theme's colors by editing the RGB values in this file. You can also change the font by modifying the ''theme_font'' path to point to the font to use. Finally, you can change the locations of the list of options and the actions menu.  These are defined with the *_xy settings in the configuration file. The value must be two numbers which specify the X and Y coordinates in pixels, relative to the upper left corner.
+
 
+
To enable your theme, modify this line in ''/boot/loader.conf'' to point to the location of your ''theme.conf'' file:
+
  
{{txtbox|box=beastie_theme="/boot/themes/default/theme.conf"}}
+
If a faster boot time is not important to you and you prefer to watch each service as it starts at boot time, you can disable fast boot by adding ''fastboot_enable="NO"'' to ''/etc/rc.conf''.
  
 
<noinclude>
 
<noinclude>
{{refheading}}
+
[[category:démarrage sur PC-BSD®]]
[[category:Booting Into PC-BSD®]]
+
[[category:Configuration post installation et problèmes d'installation]]
[[category:Post Installation Configuration and Installation Troubleshooting]]
+
[[category:Manuel utilisateur]]
[[category:handbook]]
+
 
[[category:Post Installation]]
 
[[category:Post Installation]]
[[category:troubleshooting]]
+
[[category:Problèmes]]
 
<languages />
 
<languages />
 
</noinclude>
 
</noinclude>

Latest revision as of 03:45, 21 December 2013


Contents


Après l'installation, PC-BSD® va redémarrer et vous serez invité à configurer votre système et de vous connecter sur un bureau.

Figure 4.1a: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu

Once the first boot is complete, the installer will attempt to set the optimal display settings. A pop-up menu will ask if you would like to accept these settings. Simply click "Yes" to continue. PC-BSD® will then play a short video before proceeding to the first post configuration screen. You can press Esc to skip the video. If you wish to watch the video at a later time, it is located in /usr/local/share/pcbsd/movies/.

Read through the rest of this section if your system hangs at boot time or if you have problems setting the display settings. If you are dual booting and your other operating system was not automatically added to the graphical boot menu by the installer, refer to Double démarrage.

[edit] Interrompre le démarrage pour accéder au menu de démarrage

Par défaut, le menu de chargement de démarrage de PC-BSD® vu en figure 4.1a n'est pas affiché au démarrage.

This menu is used to display the installation of PC-BSD®, any boot environments created with Gestionnaire de démarrage, and other operating systems installed on a dual-boot system.

To access this menu, you have to be quick. As soon as the boot process starts and you see a "GRUB loading" message in the upper left corner, press Esc. After the system boots, you can increase the timer value in Gestionnaire de démarrage if you find that the boot delay is too quick.
Figure 4.1b: PC-BSD® Graphical Boot Menu Options

Once you access the graphical menu, it will pause for a few seconds then continue to boot PC-BSD®. If you wish to select a different operating system or specify how PC-BSD® boots, press a key to pause this screen. If multiple operating systems are available and you want to boot into PC-BSD®, make sure it is highlighted and press enter. This will load the PC-BSD® boot options screen shown in Figure 4.1b.

Les options de démarrage possible sont les suivantes:

  • Normal Bootup: continues to boot PC-BSD®.
  • Single User Mode: advanced users can select this option to fix critical system failures.
  • Verbose Mode: select this option if you would like to see more detailed messages during the boot process. This can be useful if you are troubleshooting a piece of hardware.
  • Run the Display Wizard: if you are unable to access the GUI due to a display setting, enable this option to boot into the display settings wizard.
  • Lancer X en mode vesa: Essayez cette option si l'écran devient noir ou le système se bloque lors du démarrage de PC-BSD®.

Utilisez les touches fléchées pour sélectionner une option puis appuyez sur entrée pour démarrer en utilisant cette option.

This menu is provided by GRUB. If you are familiar with editing GRUB, you can press e to access the GRUB editor or c to access the GRUB command line.
Figure 4.1c: Display Settings Wizard

[edit] Si Votre Écran n'est Pas Détecté Automatiquement

If the optimal display settings can not be determined during first boot, if you select “No” in the “Confirm Resolution” screen when asked to confirm the display settings, or if you select “Run the Display Wizard” from the boot menu, the “Display Settings” screen shown in Figure 4.1c will launch.

The settings in this screen are described in more detail in Affichage. If you wish to return to this display wizard at a later time, go to Panneau de contrôle → Affichage.

If you change any display settings, click the "Apply" button for the settings to be tested. If anything goes wrong during testing, you will be taken back to the "Display Settings" screen so that you can try another setting. Once you are happy with the tested setting, click the "Yes" button to save the setting and to proceed.

[edit] Démarrage rapide

PC-BSD® uses a "fast boot" script to decrease the amount of time that it takes the system to boot to the login screen. When this script is enabled, which is the default, services are started in the background and the boot process does not wait for confirmation from each service as it starts. This is referred to as delayed mode.

Le script de démarrage rapide est contrôlé par les lignes suivantes du fichier "/etc/rc.conf":

fastboot_enable="YES" fastboot_earlyrc="/etc/rc.d/netif /etc/rc.d/moused /etc/rc.d/dhclient /etc/rc.d/pf /etc/rc.d/routing /etc/rc.d/devd /usr/local/etc/rc.d/pefs /usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus /usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm"

The logfile /var/log/rc_delay.log shows the startup messages for the services which were started in delayed mode. If this log indicates that a delayed mode service is not starting correctly, become the superuser, copy the fastboot_earlyrc line to /etc/rc.conf, remove that service from that line, and reboot to see if that fixes the problem.

If a faster boot time is not important to you and you prefer to watch each service as it starts at boot time, you can disable fast boot by adding fastboot_enable="NO" to /etc/rc.conf.

Other languages:German 10% • ‎English 100% • ‎French 45% • ‎Ukrainian 10%