Verwaltung der Pakete

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This page is a translated version of a page Package Manager/10.0 and the translation is 29% complete.

PC-BSD® bietet eine grafische Paketverwaltung in den Einstellungen, das zur Verwaltung von installierte Desktops und Systemkomponenten verwendet werden kann. Es kann auch als Frontend für die FreeBSD-Paketsammlung verwendet werden. Wenn Sie dieses Dienstprogramm in der Befehlszeile starten möchten, nutzen Sie den Befehl pc-su pc-pkgmanager.

Abbildung 7.2a zeigt die Paketverwaltung mit seinen geöffneten Kategorien. In diesem Beispiel ist KDE die einzige Komponente, die derzeit installiert ist. Diese Standardansicht wird Basisansicht genannt.

Figure 7.2a: Viewing Installed Components


Systemkomponenten installieren

Zum Installieren von Komponenten, können Sie die Kontrollkästchen aktivieren, zum Deinstallieren deaktivieren Sie die entsprechenden Kästchen. Dananch klicken Sie auf die Schaltfläche "Anwenden", um die entsprechenden Operationen durchzuführen.

FreeBSD-Pakete installieren

To instead manage FreeBSD packages, click View → Advanced to change to Advanced View. This view is shown in Figure 7.2b with the editors category expanded.

Figure 7.2b: Managing FreeBSD Packages

The search utility can be used to find packages to install. Alternately, if you know the software category, expand it and check the software you would like to install. As you browse, you can select multiple packages. If you click an application name, its Package Information screen will display, as seen in the example in Figure 7.2c.

Figure 7.2c: Viewing a Package's Information

The Package Information is divided into three tabs:

  • Description: displays the name and version of the package, its download size, the URL to its homepage, and a brief description.
  • Options: shows the options compiled into the package. Options will be listed as either on or off.
  • Dependencies: lists any additional packages that will be installed as dependencies of the selected package.

Once you have made your selections, click the "Apply" button to install the selected software.

Installierte Pakete aktualisieren

As newer versions of installed packages become available, they are listed in the "Package Updates" tab of Package Manager. In the example shown in Figure 7.2d, three updates are available, representing package updates to the PC-BSD® utilities, the GUI versions of those utilities, and to the base packages installed with the operating system.

Figure 7.2d: Package Updates Available

Updates are available quarterly for the PRODUCTION repoitory, and bi-weekly~ for the EDGE repository.

  • if you installed any FreeBSD packages from Advanced View, these show up whenever a new version becomes available

Note that these are target dates which may slip by a few days if the build server experiences problems building packages from ports.

To update to the newest versions of packages, click the "Update packages" button.

Change Package Repo

PC-BSD offers two package repositories, PRODUCTION (Updated quarterly) and EDGE (Updated bi-weekly~)

Switching between these repositories can be done via the Package Manager GUI, under Configuration -> Settings.

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